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Abdicate

1 : to cast off : discard 2 : to relinquish (as sovereign power) formallyintransitive verb : to renounce a throne, high office, dignity, or function

1

Abet

abet\ə-ˈbet\ transitive verb 1 : to actively second and encourage (as an activity or plan) 2 : to assist or support in the achievement of a purpose synonyms see incite Other forms: abet·ted; abet·ting abet·ment \-mənt\ noun abet·tor also abet·ter \ə-ˈbe-tər\ noun Examples She abetted the thief in his getaway. Did he abet the commission of a crime? Their actions were shown to abet terrorism. Origin: Middle English abetten, from Anglo-French abeter, from a- (from Latin ad-) + beter to bait, of Germanic origin; akin to Old English bǣtan to bait. First use: 14th century

2

Abjure

1 a : to renounce upon oath b : to reject solemnly 2 : to abstain from : avoid Other forms: ab·jured; ab·jur·ing ab·jur·er noun Examples abjured some long-held beliefs when she converted to another religion a strict religious sect that abjures the luxuries, comforts, and conveniences of the modern world

3

Ablution

1 a : the washing of one's body or part of it (as in a religious rite) b plural : the act or action of bathing 2 plural British : a building housing bathing and toilet facilities on a military base

4

Abnegation

: denial; especially : self-denial Examples the couple's sudden abnegation of life in the fast lane for work as missionaries stunned everyone

5

Abrasive

1 : tending to abrade 2 : causing irritation

6

Abrogate

1 : to abolish by authoritative action : annul 2 : to treat as nonexistent synonyms see nullify

7

Abut

intransitive verb 1 : to touch along a border or with a projecting part 2 a : to terminate at a point of contact b : to lean for supporttransitive verb 1 : to border on 2 : to cause to abut

8

Accede

intransitive verb 1 a : to become a party (as to an agreement) b : to express approval or give consent : give in to a request or demand 2 archaic : approach 3 : to enter upon an office or position synonyms see assent Other forms: ac·ced·ed; ac·ced·ing Examples finally acceded to their pleas for more time to complete the project

9

Accolade

1 a : a ceremonial embrace b : a ceremony or salute conferring knighthood 2 a : a mark of acknowledgment : award b : an expression of praise 3 : a brace or a line used in music to join two or more staffs carrying simultaneous parts Examples for their exceptional bravery the firefighters received accolades from both local and national officials winning the Nobel Prize for Physics is generally regarded as the highest accolade for a physicist a screen performance that won virtually every accolade that the film world has to offer

10

Acclivity

noun : an ascending slope (as of a hill) Other forms: plural ac·cliv·i·ties Examples the steep acclivity was especially daunting for the novice hikers

11

Accost

transitive verb : to approach and speak to often in a challenging or aggressive way

12

Accoutre

transitive verb : to provide with equipment or furnishings : outfit synonyms see furnish Other forms: ac·cou·tred or ac·cou·tered; ac·cou·tring or ac·cou·ter·ing\-ˈkü-tə-riŋ, -ˈkü-triŋ\ Examples hikers accoutred with walking sticks, water bottles, trail maps, and compasses

13

Accretion

noun 1 : the process of growth or enlargement by a gradual buildup: as a : increase by external addition or accumulation (as by adhesion of external parts or particles) b : the increase of land by the action of natural forces 2 : a product of accretion; especially : an extraneous addition

14

Accrue

intransitive verb 1 : to come into existence as a legally enforceable claim 2 a : to come about as a natural growth, increase, or advantage b : to come as a direct result of some state or action 3 : to accumulate or be added periodically transitive verb : to accumulate or have due after a period of time

15

Acme

noun : the highest point or stage; also : one that represents perfection of the thing expressed synonyms see summit Examples the acme of their basketball season was their hard-won victory over last year's state champs a movie that has come to be regarded as the acme of the Hollywood musical

16

Acquiesce

intransitive verb : to accept, comply, or submit tacitly or passively — often used with in and sometimes with to synonyms see assent Other forms: ac·qui·esced; ac·qui·esc·ing Examples apparently the contractor expected me to acquiesce to my own fleecing

17

Acquittal

noun : a setting free from the charge of an offense by verdict, sentence, or other legal process Examples confidently predicted that his client's trial would result in a full acquittal

18

Acrid

adjective 1 : sharp and harsh or unpleasantly pungent in taste or odor : irritating 2 : deeply or violently bitter : acrimonious synonyms see caustic

19

Acrimonious

adjective : caustic, biting, or rancorous especially in feeling, language, or manner ac·ri·mo·ni·ous·ly adverb ac·ri·mo·ni·ous·ness noun Examples an acrimonious parting between the two former friends

20

abate

subside or moderate

Rather than leaving immediately, they waited for the storm to abate.

21

abscond

depart secretly and hide

The teller absconded with the bonds and was not found.

22

aberrant

abnormal or deviant

Given the aberrant nature of the data, we came to doubt the validity of the entire experiment.

23

abeyance

suspended action

The deal was held in abeyance until her arrival.

24

adamant

hard, inflexible

He was adamant in his determination to punish the wrongdoer.

25

adulterate

make impure by mixing with baser substances


It is a crime to adulterate foods without informing the buyer.

26

abase

lower; degrade; humiliate

Anna expected to have to curtsy to the King of Siam; when told to cast herself down on the ground before him, however she refused to abase herself.

27

abash

embarrass

He was not at all abashed by her open admiration.

28

abdicate

renounce; give up

When Edward VII abdicated the British throne, he surprised the entire world.

29

abet

assist, usually in doing something wrong

She was unwilling to abet him in the swindle he had planned.

30

abject

wretched; lacking pride

On the streets of New York the homeless live in abject poverty, huddling in doorways to find shelter from the wind.

31

abjure

renounce upon oath

He abjured his allegiance to the king.

32

ablution

washing

His daily ablutions were accompanied by loud noises that he humorously labeled "Opera in the Bath."

33

abnegation

renunciation; self-sacrifice

Though Rudolph and Duchess Flavia loved one another, their love was doomed, for she had to wed the king; their act of abnegation was necessary to preserve the kingdom.

34

abominate

loathe; hate

Moses scolded the idol worshippers in the tribe because he abominated the custom.

35

abrasive

rubbing away; tending to grind down

Just as abrasive cleaning powders can wear away a shiny finish, abrasive remarks can wear away a listener's patience.

36

abrogate

abolish

He intended to abrogate the decree issued by his predecessor.

37

absolve

pardon (an offense)

The father confessor absolved him of his sins.

38

abstain

refrain; withhold from participation

After considering the effect of alcohol on his athletic performance, he decided to abstain from drinking while he trained for the race.

39

abut

border upon; adjoin

Where our estates abut, we must build a fence.

40

accede

agree

If I accede to this demand for blackmail, I am afraid that I will be the victim of future demands.

41

acclivity

sharp upslope of a hill

The car could not go up the acclivity in high gear.

42

accolade

award of merit

In Hollywood, an "Oscar" is the highest accolade.

43

accost

approach and speak first to a person

When the two young men accosted me, I was frightened because I thought they were going to attack me.

44

accoutre

equip

The fisherman was accoutred with the best that the sporting goods store could supply

45

acidulous

slightly sour; sharp; caustic

James was unpopular because of his sarcastic and acidulous remarks.

46

acme

peak; pinnacle; highest point

Welles's success in Citizen Kane marked the acme of his career as an actor; never again did he achieve such popular acclaim.

47

acquiesce

assent; agree passively

Although she appeared to acquiesce to her employer's suggestions, I could tell she had reservations about the changes he wanted made.

48

acquittal

deliverance from a charge

His acquittal by the jury surprised those who had thought him guilty.

49

acrid

sharp; bitterly pungent


The acrid odor of burnt gunpowder filled the room after the pistol had been fired.

50

acrimonious

stinging, caustic

His tendency to utter acrimonious remarks alienated his audience.

51

actuarial

calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics

According to recent actuarial tables, life expectancy is greater today than it was a century ago.

52

actuate

motivate

I fail to understand what actuated you to reply to this letter so nastily.

53

acumen

mental keenness

His business acumen helped him to succeed where others had failed.

54

adage

wise saying; proverb

There is much truth in the old adage about fools and their money.

55

addle

muddle; drive crazy

This idiotic plan is confusing enough to addle anyone.

56

adjunt

something attached to but holding an inferior position

I will entertain this concept as an adjunct to the main proposal.

57

adjuration

solemn urging

\Her adjuration to tell the truth did not change the witnesses' testimony.

58

adjutant

staff officer assisting the commander; assistant

Though Wellington delegated many tasks to his chief adjutant, Lord Fitzroy Somerset, Somerset was in no doubt as to who made all major decisions.

59

admonish

warn; reprove

He admonished his listeners to change their wicked ways.

60

adulation

flattery; admiration

The rock star thrived on the adulation of his groupies and yes-men.

61

advent

arrival

Most Americans were unaware of the advent of the Nuclear Age until the news of Hiroshima reached them.

62

adventitious

accidental; casual

He found this adventitious meeting with his friend extremely fortunate.

63

adverse

unfavorable; hostile

adverse circumstances compelled him to close his business.

64

advert

refer to

Since you advert to this matter so frequently, you must regard it as important.

65

aegis

shield; defense

Under the aegis of the Bill of Rights, we enjoy our most treasured freedoms.

66

affable

courteous

Although he held a position of responsibility, he was an affable individual and could be reached by anyone with a complaint.

67

affidavit

written statement made under oath

The court refused to accept his statement unless he presented it in the form of an affidavit.

68

affinity

kinship

She felt an affinity with all who suffered; their pains were her pains.

69

affix

attach or add on; fasten

First the registrar had to affix his signature to the license; then he had to affix his official seal.

70

affront

insult; offend

Accustomed to being treated with respect, Miss Challoner was affronted by Vidal's offensive behavior.

71

agape

openmouthed

She stared, agape, at the many strange animals in the zoo.

72

aghast

horrified

He was aghast at the nerve of the speaker who had insulted his host.

73

agog

highly excited; intensely curious

We were all agog at the news that the celebrated movie star was giving up his career in order to enter a monastery.

74

alacrity

cheerful promptness

He demonstrated his eagerness to serve by his alacrity in executing the orders of his master.

75

alcove

nook; recess

Though their apartment lacked a full-scale dining room, an alcove adjacent to the living room made an adequate breakfast nook for the young couple.

76

alias

an assumed name

John Smith's alias was Bob Jones.

77

alimony

payments make to an ex-spouse after divorce

Because Tony had supported Tina through medical school, on their divorce he asked the court to award him $500 a month in alimony.

78

allay

calm; pacify

The crew tried to allay the fears of the passengers by announcing that the fire had been controlled.

79

allege

state without proof

It is alleged that she had worked for the enemy.

80

allegory

story in which characters are used as symbols; fable

Pilgrim's Progress is an allegory of the temptations and victories of the human soul.

81

alliteration

repetition of beginning sound in poetry

"The furrow followed free" is an example of alliteration.

82

allude

refer indirectly

Try not to allude to this matter in his presence because the topic annoys him.

83

allusion

indirect reference

the allusions to mythological characters in Milton's poems bewilder the reader who has not studied Latin.

84

alluvial

pertaining to soil deposits left by running water 

The farmers found the alluvial deposits at the mouth of the river very fertile.

85

aloof

apart; reserved

Shy by nature, she remained aloof while all the rest conversed.

86

aloft

upward

The sailor climbed aloft into the rigging.

87

altercation

noisy quarrel

Throughout the altercation, not one sensible word was uttered.

88

amalgamate

combine; unite in one body

The unions will attempt to amalgamate their groups into one national body.

89

amass

collect

The miser's aim is to amass and hoard as much gold as possible.

90

ambidextrous

capable of using either hand with equal ease

A switch-hitter in baseball should be naturally ambidextrous.

91

amble

moving at an easy pace

When she first mounted the horse, she was afraid to urge the animal to go faster than a gentle amble.

92

ambrosia

food of the gods

ambrosia was supposed to give immortality to any human who ate it.

93

amenable

readily managed; willing to be led

He was amenable to any suggestions that came from those he looked up to; he resented advice from his inferiors.

94

amenities

convenient features; courtesies


In addition to the customary amenities for the business traveler -- fax machines, modems, a health club -- the hotel offers the services of a butler versed in social amenities.

95

amiable

agreeable; lovable

His amiable disposition pleased all who had dealings with him.

96

amicable

friendly

The dispute was settled in an amicable manner with no harsh words.

97

amiss

wrong; faulty

Seeing her frown, he wondered if anything were amiss.

98

amok 

in a state of rage


The police had to be called in to restrain him after he ran amok in the department store.

99

anachronism

something or someone misplaced in time

Shakespeare's reference to clocks in Julius Caesar is an anachronism; no clocks existed in Caesar's time.

100

anarchist

person who rebels against the established order

Only the total overthrow of all governmental regulations would satisfy the anarchist.

101

anathema

solemn curse; someone or something that is despised

He heaped anathema upon his foe.

102

anathematize

curse

The high priest anathematized the heretic.

103

anecdote

short account of an amusing or interesting event

Rather than make concrete proposals for welfare reform, President Raegan told anecdotes about poor people who became wealthy despite their impoverished backgrounds.

104

animadversion

critical remark

He resented the animadversions of his critics, particularly because he realized they were true.

105

animosity

active enmity

He incurred the animosity of the ruling class because he advocated limitations of their power.

106

animus

hostile feeling or intent

The animus of the speaker became obvious to all when he began to indulge in sarcastic and insulting remarks.

107

annals 

records; history

In the annals of this period, we find no mention of democratic movements.

108

anneal

reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling

After the glass is annealed, it will be less subject to chipping and cracking.

109

annihilate

destroy

The enemy in its revenge tried to annihilate the entire population.

110

annuity

yearly allowance

The annuity he set up with the insurance company supplements his social security benefits so that he can live very comfortably without working.

111

annul

make void

The parents of the eloped couple tried to annul the marriage.

112

anodyne

drug that relieves pain; opiate

His pain was so great that no anodyne could relieve it.

113

114

anoint

consecrate

The prophet Samuel anointed David with oil, crowning him king of Israel.

115

anomalous

abnormal; irregular

He was placed in the anomalous position of seeming to approve procedures that he despised.

116

anomaly

irregularity

A bird that cannot fly is an anomaly.

117

antecede

precede

The invention of the radiotelegraph anteceded the development of television by a quarter of a century.

118

antecedents

preceding events or circumstances that influence what comes later; early life; ancestors

Before giving permission for Drummie to marry Estella, Miss Havisham had a few questions about the young man's birth and antecedents.

119

antediluvian

antiquated; ancient

The antediluvian customs had apparently not changed for thousands of years.

120

anthropoid

manlike

The gorilla is the strongest of the anthropoid animals.

121

anthropomorphic

having human form or characteristics

Primitive religions often have deities with anthropomorphic characteristics.

122

anticlimax

letdown in thought or emotion

After the fine performance in the first act, the rest of the play was an anticlimax.

123

antiquated

obsolete; outdated

Accustomed to editing his papers on word processors, Philip thought typewriters were too antiquated for him to use.

124

anvil

iron block used in hammering out metals

After heating the iron horseshoe in the forge, the blacksmith picked it up with his tongs and set it on the anvil.

125

apex

tip; summit; climax

He was at the apex of his career.

126

aphasia

loss of speech due to injury or illness

After the automobile accident, the victim had periods of aphasia when he could not speak at all or could only mumble incoherently.

127

aphorism

pithy maxim

An aphorism differs from an adage in that it is more philosophical or scientific.

128

apiary

a place where bees are kept

Although he spent many hours daily in the apiary, he was very seldom stung by a bee.

129

aplomb

poise; composure

Wellington's nonchalance and aplomb in the heat of battle always heartened his followers.

130

apocryphal

untrue; made up

To impress his friends, Tom invented apocryphal tales of his adventures in the big city.

131

apogee

highest point

When the moon in its orbit is furthest away from the earth, it is at its apogee.

132

apoplexy

stroke; loss of consciousness followed by paralysis

He was crippled by an attack of apoplexy.

133

apostate

one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs

Because he switched from one party to another, his former friends shunned him as an apostate.

134

apothecary

druggist

In Holland, apothecaries still sell spices as well as ointments and pills.

135

apothegm

pithy, compact saying

Proverbs are apothegms that have become familiar sayings.

136

apotheosis

deification; glorification

The Roman empress Livia envied the late emperor his apotheosis; she hoped that on her death she, too,
would be exalted to the rank of a god.

137

appal

dismay; shock

We were appalled by the horrifying conditions in the city's jails.

138

appellation

name; title 

He was amazed when the witches hailed him with his correct appellation.

139

append

attach

I shall append this chart to my report.

140

application

diligent attention; (secondary meaning) apply

Pleased with how well Tom had whitewashed the fence, Aunt Polly praised him for his application.

141

apposite

appropriate; fitting

He was always able to find the apposite phrase, the correct expression for every occasion.

142

apprehend

arrest ( a criminal); dread; perceive

The police will apprehend the culprit and convict him before long.

143

apprehensive

fearful; discerning

His apprehensive glances at the people who were walking in the street revealed his nervousness.

144

apprise

inform

When he was apprised of the dangerous weather conditions, he decided to postpone his trip.

145

approbation

approval

Wanting her parents' regard, she looked for some sign of their approbation.

146

appurtennances

subordinate possessions

He bought the estate and all its appurtenances.

147

apropos

with reference to; regarding

I find your remarks apropos of the present situation timely and pertinent.

148

aptitude

fitness; talent

The counselor evaluated his aptitudes before advising him about the career he should follow.

149

aquiline

curved, hooked

He can be recognized by his aquiline nose, curved like the beak of the eagle.

150

arbitrate

act as judge

She was called upon to arbitrate the dispute between the union and the management.

151

arboretum

place where different varieties of trees and shrubs are studied and exhibited

Walking along the treelined paths of the arboretum, Rita noted poplars, firs, and some particularly fine sycamores.

152

arcade

a covered passageway, usually lined with shops

The arcade was popular with shoppers because it gave them protection from the summer sun and the winter rain.

153

arcane

secret; mysterious

What was arcane to us was clear to the psychologist.

154

archetype

prototype; primitive pattern

The Brooklyn Bridge was the archetype of the many spans that now connect Manhattan with Long Island and New Jersey.

155

archives

public records; place where public records are kept

These documents should be part of the archives so that historians may be able to evaluate them in the future.

156

ardor

heat; passion; zeal

Katya's ardor was contagious; soon all her fellow demonstrators were busily making posters and handing out flyers, inspired by her ardent enthusiasm for the cause.

157

arduous

hard; strenuous

Her arduous efforts had sapped her energy.

158

argot

slang

In the argot of the underworld, she "was taken for a ride."

159

aria

operatic solo

At her Metropolitan Opera audition, Marian Anderson sang an aria from Norma.

160

arid

dry; barren

The cactus had adapted to survive in an arid environment.

161

armada

fleet of warships

Queen Elizabeth's navy was able to defeat the mighty armada that threatened the English coast.

162

arraign

charge in court; indict

After his indictment by the Grand Jury, the accused man was arraigned in the County Criminal Court.

163

array

*

marshal; draw up in order

His actions were bound to array public sentiment against him.

**

clothe; adorn

She liked to watch her motherarray herself in her finest clothes before going out for the evening.

164

arrears

being in debt

He was in arrears with his payments on the car.

165

artifacts

products of primitive culture

Archaeologists debated the significance of the artifacts discovered in the ruins of Asia Minor and came to no conclusion.

166

artifice

deception; trickery

The Trojan War proved to the Greeks that cunning and artifice were often more effective than military might.

167

artless

without guile; open and honest

Red Riding Hood's artless comment, "Grandma, what big eyes you have!" indicates the child's innocent surprises at her "grandmother's" changed appearance.

168

ascendancy

controlling influence

President Marcos failed to maintain his ascendency over Philippines.

169

ascetic

practicing self-denial; austere

The wealthy young man could not understand the ascetic life led by the monks.

170

asceticism

doctrine of self-denial

We find asceticism practiced in many monastries.

171

ascribe

refer; attribute; assign

I can ascribe no motive for her acts.

172

asceptic

preventing infection; having a cleansing effect

Hospitals succeeded in lowering the mortality rate as soon as they introduced asceptic conditions.

173

ashen

ash-colored; deadly pale

Her face was ashen with fear.

174

asinine

stupid

Your asinine remarks prove that you have not given this problem any serious consideration.

175

askance

with a sideways or indirect look

Looking askance at her questioner, she displayed her scorn.

176

askew

crookedly; slanted; at an angle

When he placed his hat askew upon his head, his observers laughed.

177

asperity

sharpness (of temper)

These remarks, spoken with asperity, stung the boys to whom they had been directed.

178

aspersion

slanderous remark

Do not cast aspersions on her character.

179

aspirant

seeker after position or status

Although I am as aspirant for public office, I am not willing to accept the dictates of the party bosses.

180

assail

assault

He was assailed with questions after his lecture.

181

assay

analyze; evaluate

When they assayed the ore, they found that they had discovered a very rich vein.

182

assent

agree; accept

It gives me great pleasure to assent to your request.

183

assert

state strongly or positively; insist on or demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc).

When Jill asserted that nobody else in the junior class had such an early curfew, her parents Asserted themselves, telling her that if she didn't get home by nine o'clock she would be grounded for the week.

184

assiduous

diligent

It took Rembrandt weeks of assiduous labor before he was satisfied with his portrait of his son.

185

assimilate

absorb; cause to become homogenous

The manner in which the United States was able to assimilate the hordes of immigrants during the nineteenth and early part of the twentieth centuries will always be a source of pride.

186

assuage

ease; lessen(pain)

Your messages of cheer should assuage her suffering.

187

assurance

promise or pledge; certainty; self-confidence

When Gutherie gave Guiness his assurance that rehearsals were going well, he spoke with such assurance that Guiness was convinced.

188

astigmatism

eye defect that prevents proper focus

As soon as his parents discovered that the boy suffered from astigmatism, they took him to the optometrist for corrective glasses.

189

astringent

binding; causing contraction; harsh or severe

The astringent quality of unsweetened lemon juice made swallowing difficult.

190

astute

wise; shrewd

That was a very astute observation.

191

asunder

into parts; apart

Their points of view are poles asunder.

192

atavism

resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback

Martin seemed an atavism to his Tuscan ancestors who lavished great care on their small plots of soil.

193

atone

make amends for; pay for

He knew no way in which he could atone for his brutal crime.

194

attenuate

make thin; weaken

By withdrawing their forces, the generals hoped to attenuate the enemy lines.

195

attest

testify; bear witness

Having served as a member of a grand jury, I can attest that our system of indicting individuals is in need of improvement.

196

attribute

ascribe; explain

I attribute her success in science to the encouragement she received from her parents.

197

attrition

gradual wearing down

They decided to wage a war of attrition rather than to rely on all-out attack.

198

audacious

daring; bold

Audiences cheered as Luke Skywalker and Princess Leia made their audacious, death-defying leap to freedom and escaped Darth Vader's troops.

199

audit

examination of accounts

When the bank examiners arrived to hold their annual audit, they discovered the embezzlements of the chief cashier.

200

augury

omen; prophecy

He interpreted the departures of the birds as an augury of evil.

201

august

impressive; majestic

Visiting the palace at Versailes, she was impressed by the august surroundings in which she found herself.

202

aureole

sun's corona; halo

Many medieval paintings depict saintly characters with aureols around their heads.

203

auroral

pertaining to the aurora borealis

The auroral display was particularly spectacular that evening.

204

auspicious

favoring success

With favorable weather conditions, it was an auspicious moment to set sail.

205

autocrat

monarch with supreme power

He ran his office like an autocrat, giving no one else any authority.

206

automaton

mechanism that imitates actions of humans

Long before science fiction readers became aware of robots, writers were creating stories of automation who could outperform humans.

207

aver

state confidently

I wish to aver that I am certain of success.

208

averse

reluctant

He was averse to revealing the sources of his information.

209

aversion

firm dislike

Their mutual aversion was so great that they refused to speak to one another.

210

avert

prevent; turn away

She averted her eyes from the dead cat on the highway.

211

aviary

enclosure for birds

The aviary at the zoo held nearly 300 birds.

212

avid

greedy; eager for

He was avid for learning and read everything he could get.

213

avocation

secondary or minor occupation

His hobby proved to be so fascinating and profitable that gradually he abandoned his regular occupation and concentrated on his avocation.

214

avow

declare openly

I must avow that I am innocent.

215

avuncular

like an uncle

Avuncular pride did not prevent him from noticing his nephew's shortcomings.

216

awe

solemn wonder

The tourists gazed with awe at the tremendous expanse of the Grand Canyon.

217

awl

pointed tool used for piercing

She used an awl to punch additional holes in the leather belt she had bought.

218

awry

distorted; crooked


He held his head awry, giving the impression that he had caught cold in his neck during the night.

219

axiom

self-evident truth requiring no proof

Before a student can begin to think along the lines of Euclidean geometry, he must accept certain principles or axioms.

220

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