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Flashcards in L Deck (84)
1

labile

likely to change; unstable

Because the hormonal changes they undergo affect their spirits, adolescents may become emotionally labile and experience sudden shifts of mood.

2

laborious

demanding much work or care; tedious

In putting together his dictionary of the English language, Doctor Johnson undertook a laborious task.

3

lachrymose

producing tears

His voice has a lachrymose quality that is more appropriate at a funeral than a class reunion.

4

lackadaisical

affectedly languid

He was lackadaisical and indifferent about his part in the affair.

5

laconic

brief and to the point

Many of the characters portrayed by Clint Eastwood are laconic types: strong men of few words.

6

laggard

slow; sluggish

The sailor had been taught not to be laggard in carrying out orders.

7

lagoon

shallow body of water near a sea; lake

They enjoyed their swim in the calm lagoon.

8

laity

laypersons; persons not connected with the clergy

The laity does not always understand the clergy's problems.

9

lambaste

beat; thrash verbally or physically

It was painful to watch the champion lambaste his opponent, tearing into him mercilessly.

10

lampoon

ridicule

This article lampoons the pretensions of some movie moguls.

11

languid

weary; sluggish; listless

Her siege of illness left her languid and pallid.

12

languish

lose animation; lose strength

In stories, lovelorn damsels used to languish and pine away.

13

languor

lassitude; depression

His friends tried to overcome the languor into which he had fallen by taking him to parties and to the theater.

14

lank

long and thin

lank, gaunt, Abraham Lincoln was a striking figure.

15

larceny

theft

Because of the prisoner's record, the district attorney refused to reduce the charge from grand larceny to petit larceny.

16

larder

pantry; place where food is kept

The first thing Bill did on returning home from school was to check what snacks his mother had in the larder.

17

largess

generous gift

Lady Bountiful distributed largess to the poor.

18

lascivious

lustful

Because they might arouse lascivious impulses in their readers, the lewd books were banned by the clergy.

19

lassitude

languor; weariness

The hot, tropical weather created a feeling of lassitude and encouraged drowsiness.

20

latent

dormant; hidden

Her latent talent was discovered by accident.

21

latitude

freedom from narrow limitations

I think you have permitted your son too much latitude in this matter.

22

laudable

praiseworthy; commendable

His laudable deeds will be remarked by all whom he aided.

23

laudatory

expressing praise

The critics' laudatory comments helped to make her a star.

24

lavish

liberal; wasteful

The actor's lavish gifts pleased her.

25

lax

careless

We dislike restaurants where the service is lax and inattentive.

26

leaven

cause to rise or grow lighter; enliven

As bread dough is leavened, it puffs up, expanding in volume.

27

lechery

gross lewdness; lustfulness

In his youth he led a life of lechery and debauchery; he did not mend his ways until middle age.

28

lectern

reading desk

The chaplain delivered his sermon from a hastily improvised lectern.

29

leery

suspicious; cautious

Don't eat sushi at this restaurant; I'm a bit leery about how fresh it is.

30

leeway

room to move; margin

When you set a deadline, allow a little leeway.

31

legerdemain

sleight of hand

The magician demonstrated his renowned legerdemain.

32

levee

earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding

As the river rose and threatened to overflow the levee, emergency workers rushed to reinforce the walls with sandbags.

33

levitate

float in the air (especially by magical means)

As the magician passed his hands over the recumbent body of his assistant, she appeared to rise and levitate about three feet above the table.

34

levity

lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity

Stop giggling abd wriggling around in the pew; such levity is improper in church.

35

levy

impose (a fine); collect (a payment)

Crying "No taxation withouth representation," the colonists demonstrated against England's power to levy taxes.

36

lewd

lustful

They found his lewd stories objectionable.

37

lexicographer

compiler of a dictionary

The new dictionary is the work of many lexicographers who spent years compiling and editing the work.

38

lexicon

dictionary

I cannot find this word in any lexicon in the library.

39

liability

drawback; debts

Her lack of an extensive vocabulary was a liability that she was able to overcome.

40

liaison

officer who acts as go-between for two armies; intermediary

As the liason, he had to avoid offending the leaders of the two armies.

41

libelous

defamatory; injurious to the good name of a person

He sued the newspaper because of its libelous story.

42

libertine

debauched person, roue


Although she was aware of his reputation as a libertine, she felt she could reform him and help him break his dissolute way of life.

43

libidinous

lustful

They objected to his libidinous behavior.

44

libido

emotional urges behind human activity

The psychiatrist maintained that suppression of the libido often resulted in maladjustment and neuroses.

45

libretto

text of an opera

The composer of an opera's music is remembered more frequently than the author of its libretto.

46

licentious

wanton; lewd; dissolute

The licentious monarch helped bring about his country's downfall.

47

lien

legal claim on a property

There was a delay before Ralph could take possession of his late uncle's home; apparently, another claimant had a lien upon the estate.

48

ligneous

like wood

Petrified wood may be ligneous in appearance, but it is stonelike in composition.

49

lilliputian

extremely small

Tiny and delicate, the model was built on a lilliputian scale.

50

limber

flexible

Hours of ballet classes kept him limber.

51

limn

draw; outline; describe

Parodoxically, the more realistic the details this artist chooses, the better able to limn her fantastic, other-worldly landscapes.

52

lineaments

features, especially of the face

She quickly sketched the lineaments of his face.

53

list

tilt; lean over

That flagpole should be absolutely vertical; instead, it lists to one side.

54

listless

lacking in spirit or energy

We had expected him to be full of enthusiasm and were surprised by his listless attitude.

55

litany

supplicatory prayer

On this solemn day, the congregation responded to the prayers of the priest during the litany with fervor and intensity.

56

lithe

flexible; supple

Her figure was lithe and willowy.

57

litigation

lawsuit

Try to settle this amicably; I do not want to start litigation.

58

litotes

understatement for emphasis

To say, "He little realizes," when we mean that he does not realize at all, is an example of the kind of understatement we call litotes.

59

livid

lead-coloredl; black and blue; ashen; enraged

His face was so livid with rage that we were afraid that he might have an attack of apoplexy.

60

loath

averse; reluctant

They were both loath for him to go.

61

loathe

detest

We loathed the wicked villain.

62

lode

metal-bearing vein

If this lode that we have discovered extends for any distance, we have found a fortune.

63

lofty

very high

They used to tease him about his lofty ambitions.

64

loiter

hang around; linger

The policeman told him not to loiter in the alley.

65

loll

lounge about

They lolled around in their chairs watching television.

66

lope

gallop slowly

As the horses loped along, we had an opportunity to admire the ever-changing scenery.

67

loquacious

talkative

She is very loquacious and can speak on the telephone for hours.

68

lout

clumsy person

The delivery boy is an awkward lout.

69

low

moo

From the hilltop, they could see the herd like ants in the distance; they could barely hear the cattle low.

70

lucre

money

Preferring lucre to undying fame, he wrote stories of popular appeal.

71

ludicrous

laughable; trifling

Let us be serious; this is not a ludicrous issue.

72

lugubrious

mournful

The lugabrious howling of the dogs added to our sadness.

73

lull

moment of calm

Not wanting to get wet, they waited under the awning for a lull in the rain.

74

lumber

move heavily of clumsily

Still somewhat torpid after its long hibernation, the bear lumbered through the woods.

75

lumen

unit of light energy (one candle's worth)

In buying light bulbs, she checked not only their power, as measured in watts, but their brightness, as measured in lumens.

76

luminary

celebrity; dignitary

A leading light of the American stage, Ethel Barrymore was a theatrical luminary whose name lives on.

77

luminous

shining; issuing light

The sun is a luminous body.

78

lurid

wild; sensational

The lurid stories he told shocked his listeners.

79

lurk

stealthily lie in waiting; slink; exist unperceived

"Who knows what evils lurk in the hearts of men? The shadow knows."

80

luscious

pleasing to taste or smell

The ripe peach was luscious.

81

luster

shine; gloss

The soft luster of the silk in the dim light was pleasing.

82

lustrous

shining

Her large and lustrous eyes gave a touch of beauty to an otherwise drab face.

83

luxuriant

fertile; abundant; ornate

Farming was easy in this luxuriant soil.

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