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Flashcards in H Deck (63)
1

hackless

hairs on back and neck, especially of a dog

The dog's hackles rose and he began to growl as the sound of footsteps grew louder.

2

haggard

wasted away; gaunt

After his long illness, he was pale and haggard.

3

haggle

argue about prices

I prefer to shop in a store that has a one-price policy because, whenever I haggle with a shopkeeper, I am never certain that I paid a fair price for the articles I purchased.

4

halcyon

calm; peaceful

In those halcyon days, people were not worried about sneak attacks and bombings.

5

hale

healthy

After a brief illness, he was soon hale.

6

hallowed

blessed; consecrated

She was laid to rest in hallowed ground.

7

halting

hesitant; faltering

Novice extemporaneous speakers often talk in a halting fashion as they grope for the right words.

8

hamper

obstruct

The minority party agreed not to hamper the efforts of the leaders to secure a lasting peace.

9

hap

chance; luck

In his poem hap, Thomas Hardy objects to the part chance plays in our lives.

10

haphazard

random; by chance

His haphazard reading left him unaquainted with the authors of the books.

11

hapless

unfortunate

This hapless creature had never known a moment's pleasure.

12

harangue

long, passionate, and vehement speech

In her lengthy harangue, the principal berated the offenders.

13

harbinger

forerunner

The crocus is an early harbinger of spring.

14

hardy

sturdy; robust; able to stand inclement weather

We asked the gardening expert to recommend particularly hardy plants that could withstand our harsh New England winters.

15

harping

tiresome dwelling on a subject

After he had reminded me several times about what he had done for me I told him to stop his harping on my indebtedness to him.

16

harrow

break up ground after plowing; torture

I don't want to harrow you at this time by asking you to recall the details of your unpleasant experience.

17

harry

harass, annoy, torment; raid

The guerrilla band harried the enemy nightly.

18

hatch

deck opening; lid covering a deck opening

The latch on the hatch failed to catch, so the hatch remained unlatched.

19

haughtiness

pride; arrogance

I resent his haughtiness because he is no better than we are.

20

headlong

hasty; rash

The slave seized the unexpected chance to make a headlong dash across the border to freedom.

21

heckler

person who verbally harasses others


The heckler kept interrupting the speaker with rude remarks.

22

heedless

not noticing; disregarding

He drove on, heedless of the warnings that the road was dangerous.

23

hegemony

dominance, especially of one nation over others

As one Eastern European nation after another declared its independence, commentators marveled at the sudden breakdown of the once monolithic Soviet hegemony.

24

heinous

atrocious; hatefully bad

Hitler's heinous crimes will never be forgotten.

25

heresy

opinion contrary to popular belief or to accepted religion

He was threatened with excommunication because his remarks were considered to be pure heresy.

26

heretic

sealed by fusion so as to be airtight

After these bandages are sterilized, they are placed in hermetic containers.

27

hermitage

home of a hermit

Even in his remote hermitage he could not escape completely from the world.

28

herpetologist

one who studies reptiles

As a boy, Indiana Jones had a traumatic experience involving snakes; sensibly enough, he studies to be archaeologist, not a herpetologist.

29

heterodox

unorthodox; unconventional

To those who upheld the belief that the earth did not move, Galileo's theory that the earth circled the sun was disturbingly heterodox.

30

hew

cut to pieces with ax or sword

The cavalry rushed into melee and hewed the enemy with their swords.

31

heyday

time of greatest success; prime

In their heyday, the San Francisco Forty-Niners won the Super Bowl two years running.

32

hiatus

gap; pause

Except for a brief two-year hiatus, during which she enrolled in the Peace Corps, Ms. Clements has devoted herself to her medical career.

33

hibernal

wintry

Bears prepare for their long hibernal sleep by overeating.

34

hieroglyphic

picture writing

The discovery of the Rosetta Stone enabled scholars to read the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics.

35

hilarity

boisterous mirth

The hilarity is improper on this solemn day of mourning.

36

hindmost

furthest behind

The coward could always be found in the hindmost lines whenever a battle was being waged.

37

hindrance

block; obstacle

Stalled cars along the highway are a hindrance to traffic that tow trucks should remove without delay.

38

hinterlands

back country

They seldom had visitors, living as they did way out in the hinderlands.

39

hireling

one who serves for hire (usually used contemptuously)

In a matter of such importance, I do not wish to deal with hirelings; I must meet with the chief.

40

hirsute

hairy

He was a hitsute individual with a heavy black beard.

41

histrionic

theatrical

He was proud of his histrionic ability and wanted to paly the role of Hamlet.

42

hoary

white with age

The man was hoary and wrinkled when he was 70.

43

hoax

trick; practical joke

Embarrassed by the hoax, he reddened and left the room.

44

holocaust

destruction by fire

Citizens of San Francisco remember that the destruction of the city was caused not by the earthquake but by the holocaust that followed.

45

holster

pistol case

Even when he was not in uniform, he carried a holster and pistol under his arm.

46

homage

honor; tribute

In her speech she tried to pay homage to a great man.

47

homeostasis

tendency of a system to maintain relative stability

A breakdown of the body's immune system severely undermines the body's ability to maintain homeostasis.

48

homespun

domestic; made at home

homespun wit, like homespun cloth, was often coarse and plain.

49

hoodwink

deceive; delude

Having been hoodwinked once by the fast-talking salesman, he was extremely cautious when he went to purchase a used car.

50

horde

crowd

Just before Christmas the stores are filled with hordes of shoppers.

51

hortatory

encouraging; exhortive

The crowd listened to his hortatory statements with ever-growing excitement; finally they rushed from the hall to carry to his suggestions.

52

horticultural

pertaining to cultivation of gardens

When he bought his house, he beganto look for flowers and decorative shrubs, and began to read books dealing with horticultural matters.

53

hovel 

shack; small, wretched house

He wondered how poor people could stand living in such a hovel.

54

hubbub

confused uproar


The marketplace was a scene of hubbub and excitement.

55

hubris

arrogance; excessive self-conceit

Filled with hubris, Lear refused to heed his friends' warnings.

56

hue

*

color; aspect

The aviary contained birds of every possible hue.

**

outcry

When her purse was snatched, she raised such a hue and cry that the thief was captured.

57

humdrum

dull; monotonous

After years of adventure, he could not settle down to a humdrum existence.

58

hummock

small hill

The ascent of the hummock is not difficult and the view from the hilltop is ample reward tor the effort.

59

humus

substance formed by decaying vegetable matter

In order to improve his garden, he spread humus over his lawn and flower beds.

60

hurtle

crash; rush

The runaway train hurtled toward disaster.

61

husbandry

frugality; thrift; agriculture

He accumulated his small fortune by diligence and husbandry.

62

hypocritical

pretending to be virtuous; deceiving

I resent his hypocritical posing as a friend for I know he is interested only in his own advancement.

63

hypothetical

based on assumptions or hypotheses

Why do we have to consider hypothetical cases when we have actual case histories that we may examine?