A&P Chapter 11: Skeletal Tissues Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in A&P Chapter 11: Skeletal Tissues Deck (64)
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1

Matching

1. ______ the thin membrane that lines the medullary cavity

a. epiphysis
b. medullary cavity
c. carpal
d. articular cartilage
e. femur
f. endosteum
g. vertebra
h. diaphysis
i. patella
j. periosteum
k. sternum

1. f. endosteum

Chapter 11, Page 212

2

Matching

2. ______ an example of a flat bone

a. epiphysis
b. medullary cavity
c. carpal
d. articular cartilage
e. femur
f. endosteum
g. vertebra
h. diaphysis
i. patella
j. periosteum
k. sternum

2. k. sternum

Chapter 11, Page 211

3

Matching

3. ______ the shaft of the long bone

a. epiphysis
b. medullary cavity
c. carpal
d. articular cartilage
e. femur
f. endosteum
g. vertebra
h. diaphysis
i. patella
j. periosteum
k. sternum

3. h. diaphysis

Chapter 11, Page 211

4

Matching

4. ______ an example of a long bone

a. epiphysis
b. medullary cavity
c. carpal
d. articular cartilage
e. femur
f. endosteum
g. vertebra
h. diaphysis
i. patella
j. periosteum
k. sternum

4. e. femur

Chapter 11, Page 211

5

Matching

5. ______ the thin layer that cushions jolts and blows

a. epiphysis
b. medullary cavity
c. carpal
d. articular cartilage
e. femur
f. endosteum
g. vertebra
h. diaphysis
i. patella
j. periosteum
k. sternum

5. d. articular cartilage

Chapter 11, Page 212

6

Matching

6. ______ an example of a sesamoid bone

a. epiphysis
b. medullary cavity
c. carpal
d. articular cartilage
e. femur
f. endosteum
g. vertebra
h. diaphysis
i. patella
j. periosteum
k. sternum

6. i. patella

Chapter 11, Page 211

7

Matching

7. ______ an attachment for muscle fibers

a. epiphysis
b. medullary cavity
c. carpal
d. articular cartilage
e. femur
f. endosteum
g. vertebra
h. diaphysis
i. patella
j. periosteum
k. sternum

7. j. periosteum

Chapter 11, Page 212

8

Matching

8. ______ an example of a short bone

a. epiphysis
b. medullary cavity
c. carpal
d. articular cartilage
e. femur
f. endosteum
g. vertebra
h. diaphysis
i. patella
j. periosteum
k. sternum

8. c. carpal

Chapter 11, Page 211

9

Matching

9. ______ the end of a long bone

a. epiphysis
b. medullary cavity
c. carpal
d. articular cartilage
e. femur
f. endosteum
g. vertebra
h. diaphysis
i. patella
j. periosteum
k. sternum

9. a. epiphysis

Chapter 11, Page 211

10

Matching

10. ______ the tubelike, hollow space in the diaphysis of long bones

a. epiphysis
b. medullary cavity
c. carpal
d. articular cartilage
e. femur
f. endosteum
g. vertebra
h. diaphysis
i. patella
j. periosteum
k. sternum

10. b. medullary cavity

Chapter 11, Page 212

11

Matching

11. ______ an example of an irregular bone

a. epiphysis
b. medullary cavity
c. carpal
d. articular cartilage
e. femur
f. endosteum
g. vertebra
h. diaphysis
i. patella
j. periosteum
k. sternum

11. g. vertebra

Chapter 11, Page 211

12

Multiple Choice

12. Which of the following is not a component of bone matrix?

a. inorganic salts
b. organic matrix
c. collagenous fibers
d. all of the above are components of bone matrix

12. d. all of the above are components of bone matrix

Chapter 11, Page 213

13

Multiple Choice

13. Small spaces in which bone cells lie are called:

a. lamellae.
b. lacunae.
c. canaliculi.
d. interstitial lamellae.

13. b. lacunae.

Chapter 11, Page 213

14

Multiple Choice

14. The basic structural unit of compact bone is:
a. trabeculae.
b. cancellous bone.
c. osteon.
d. none of the above.

14. c. osteon.

Chapter 11, Page 213

15

Multiple Choice

15. The cells that produce the organic matrix in bone are:

a. chondrocytes.
b. osteoblasts.
c. osteocytes.
d. osteoclasts.

15. b. osteoblasts.

Chapter 11, Page 216

16

Multiple Choice

16. The bones in an adult that contain red marrow include all of the following except:

a. ribs.
b. tarsals.
c. pelvis.
d. femur.

16. b. tarsals.

Chapter 11, Page 217

17

Multiple Choice

17. Low blood calcium evokes a response from:

a. calcitonin.
b. the thyroid.
c. parathyroid hormone.
d. none of the above.

17. c. parathyroid hormone.

Chapter 11, Page 218

18

True or False

18. ______ Haversian canals run lengthwise, whereas Volkmann’s canals run transverse to the bone.

18. True

Chapter 11, Page 213

19

True or False

19. ______ Giant, multinucleate cells that are responsible for bone resorption are called osteocytes.

19. False

Chapter 11, Page 216

20

True or False

20. ______ Bone marrow is found not only in the medullary cavities of certain long bones but also in the spaces of cancellous bone.

20. True

Chapter 11, Page 216

21

True or False

21. ______ Calcitonin functions to stimulate osteoblasts and inhibit osteoclasts.

21. True

Chapter 11, Page 218

22

True or False

22. ______ Hematopoiesis is a term referring to the formation of new Haversian systems.

22. False

Chapter 11, Page 210

23

True or False

23. ______ Yellow marrow is found in almost all of the bones of an infant’s body.

23. False

Chapter 11, Page 217

24

Multiple Choice

24. The primary ossification center is located at the:

a. epiphysis.
b. diaphysis.
c. articular cartilage.
d. none of the above.

24. b. diaphysis.

Chapter 11, Page 220

25

Multiple Choice

25. The primary purpose of the epiphyseal plate is:

a. mending fractures.
b. enlarging the epiphysis.
c. providing bone strength.
d. lengthening long bones.

25. d. lengthening long bones.

Chapter 11, Page 220

26

Multiple Choice

26. The epiphyseal plate is composed mostly of:

a. chondrocytes.
b. osteocytes.
c. osteoclasts.
d. none of the above.

26. a. chondrocytes.

Chapter 11, Page 220

27

Multiple Choice

27. Bone loss normally begins to exceed bone gain between the ages of:

a. 30 and 35 years.
b. 35 and 40 years.
c. 55 and 60 years.
d. 65 and 70 years.

27. b. 35 and 40 years.

Chapter 11, Page 223

28

Multiple Choice

28. The first step to healing a bone fracture is:

a. callus formation.
b. fracture hematoma formation.
c. alignment of the fracture.
d. collar formation.

28. b. fracture hematoma formation.

Chapter 11, Page 224

29

True or False

29. ______ The addition of bone to its outer surface resulting in growth in diameter is called appositional growth.

29. True

Chapter 11, Page 220

30

True or False

30. ______ Most bones of the body are formed by intramembranous ossification.

30. False

Chapter 11, Page 219