A&P Chapter 8: Introduction to Tissues Study Guide Flashcards Preview

xxx Term 1: BIO 201.1 Human A&P I > A&P Chapter 8: Introduction to Tissues Study Guide > Flashcards

Flashcards in A&P Chapter 8: Introduction to Tissues Study Guide Deck (53)
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1

1. A tissue is:

a. a membrane that lines body cavities.
b. a group of similar cells that perform a common
function.
c. a thin sheet of cells embedded in a matrix. d. the most complex organizational unit of the body.

b. a group of similar cells that perform a common
function.

Answer on p. 138

2

2. The four principal types of tissues include all of the following except:

a. nervous.
b. muscle.
c. cartilage.
d. connective.

c. cartilage.

Answer on p. 138

3

3. The most complex tissue in the body is:

a. muscle.
b. blood.
c. connective.
d. nervous.

d. nervous.

Answer on p. 138

4

4. In tissues, the material between cells that is made up of water and a variety of proteins is referred to as:

a. intercellular material.
b. extracellular matrix.
c. lacunae.
d. none of the above.

b. extracellular matrix.

Answer on p. 140

5

5. Which of the following is not a primary germ layer?

a. endoderm
b. periderm
c. mesoderm
d. ectoderm

b. periderm

Answer on p. 139

6

6. Which tissue lines body cavities and protects body surfaces?

a. epithelial
b. connective
c. muscular
d. nervous

a. epithelial

Answer on p. 138

7

True or False
7. ______ The biology of tissues is referred to as histology.

True

Answer on p. 138

8

True or False
8. ______ Proteins in the extracellular matrix include various types of structural protein fibers such as collagen and elastin.

True

Answer on p. 140

9

True or False
9. ______ Sweat and sebaceous glands are formed by connective tissue.

False

Answer on p. 138

10

True or False
10. ______ During embryonic development, new kinds of cells can be formed from a special kind of undifferentiated cell called a stem cell.

True

Answer on p. 140

11

Fill in the blanks.
11. _______________________ is the growth of new tissue (as opposed to scarring).

Regeneration

Answer on p. 144

12

Fill in the blanks.
12. A _______________________ is an unusually thick scar.

keloid

Answer on p. 145

13

Fill in the blanks.
13. Tissues usually repair themselves by allowing _______________________ cells to remove dead or injured cells.

phagocytic

Answer on p. 144

14

Fill in the blanks.
14. Epithelial and _______________________ tissues have the greatest capacity to regenerate.

connective

Answer on p. 144

15

Fill in the blanks.
15. Like muscle tissue, ____________________ tissue has a very limited capacity to regenerate.

nerve

Answer on p. 145

16

16. Which of the following is not an example of epithelial membrane?

a. synovial membrane
b. cutaneous membrane

a. synovial membrane

Answer on p. 145

17

17. Pleurisy is a condition that affects which membrane?

a. cutaneous membrane
b. serous membrane
c. mucous membrane
d. none of the above

b. serous membrane

Answer on p.146

18

True or False
18. ______ Parietal membranes cover the surface of organs.

False

Answer on p. 146

19

True or False
19. ______ Synovial membrane is an example of connective tissue membrane.

True

Answer on p.147

20

20. Benign tumors usually grow (slowly or quickly).

slowly

Answer on p. 149

21

21. Malignant tumors (are or are not) encapsulated.

are not

Answer on p. 149

22

22. An example of a benign tumor that arises from epithelial tissue is (papilloma or lipoma).

papilloma

Answer on p. 149

23

23. Malignant tumors that arise from connective tissues are generally called (melanoma or sarcoma).

sarcoma

Answer on p. 149

24

24. A cancer specialist is an (osteologist or oncologist).

oncologist

Answer on p. 150

25

25. Chemotherapy uses (cytotoxic or cachexic) compounds to destroy malignant cells.

cytotoxic

Answer on p. 150

26

28. ____ Directly exposed to outside environment

a. Cutaneous
b. Serous
c. Mucous
d. Synovial

a. Cutaneous

Answer on p. 145

27

29. ____ Lubricates cavities not open to outside environment

a. Cutaneous
b. Serous
c. Mucous
d. Synovial

b. Serous

Answer on p. 146

28

30. ____ Dense fibrous connective tissue

a. Cutaneous
b. Serous
c. Mucous
d. Synovial

d. Synovial

Answer on p. 148

29

31. ____ Lubricates cavities open to the outside environment

a. Cutaneous
b. Serous
c. Mucous
d. Synovial

c. Mucous

Answer on p. 146

30

32. ____ Skin

a. Cutaneous
b. Serous
c. Mucous
d. Synovial

a. Cutaneous

Answer on p. 145