A&P Chapter 4: Biomolecules Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

xxx Term 1: BIO 201.1 Human A&P I > A&P Chapter 4: Biomolecules Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in A&P Chapter 4: Biomolecules Vocabulary Deck (39)
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1

Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)

(ad-DEN-o-seen try-FOS-fate)

[blend of adenine and ribose; tri-three; -phosph- phosphorus; -ate oxygen]

2

Amino Acid

(ah-MEE-no ASS-id)

[amino NH2, acid sour]

3

Carbohydrate

(kar-bo-HYE-drate)

[carbo- carbon, -hydr- hydrogen, -ate oxygen]

4

Cholesterol

(koh-LESS-ter-ol)

[chole- bile, -stero- solid, -ol alcohol]

5

Denature

(de-NAYT-shur)

[de- remove, -nature nature]

6

Disaccharide

(dye-SAK-ah-ride)

[di- two, -sacchar- sugar, -ide chemical]

7

Enzyme

(EN-zime)

[en- in, -zyme ferment]

8

Fatty Acid

(FAT-tee AS-id)

[fat- fat, -ty state, acid sour]

9

Free Radical

(RAD-i-kal)

[radic- root, -al relating to]

10

Functional Group

(FUNK-shun-al groop)

[function- perform, -al relating to]

11

Functional Protein

(FUNK-shun-al PRO-teen)

[function- perform, -al relating to, prote- primary, -in substance]

12

Glucose

(GLOO-kohs)

[gluco- sweet, -ose carbohydrate (sugar)]

13

Glycerol

(GLIS-er-ol)

[glyce- sweet, -ol alcohol]

14

Glycogen

(GLYE-koh-jen)

[glyco- sweet, -gen produce]

15

High-Energy Bond

[en- in, -erg work, -y state, bond band]

16

Hydrophilic

(hye-dro-FIL-ik)

[hydro- water, -phil- love, -ic relating to]

17

Hydrophobic

(hye-droh-FOH-bik)

[hydro- water, -phob- fear, -ic relating to]

18

Lipid

(LIP-id)

[lipi- fat, -id form]

19

macromolecule

(mak-roh-MOL-eh-kyool)

[macro- large, -molec- mass, -ule small]

20

Monosaccharide

(mon-oh-SAK-ah-ride)

[mono- one, -sacchar- sugar, -ide chemical]

21

Nonpolar

(non-PO-lar)

[non- not, -pol- pole, -ar relating to]

22

Nucleic Acid

(noo-KLAY-ik ASS-id)

[nucle- nut kernel, -ic relating to, acid sour]

23

Nucleotide

(NOO-klee-oh-tide)

[nucleo- nut or kernel, -ide chemical]

24

Peptide Bond

(PEP-tyde bond)

[pept- digest, -ide chemical]

25

Phospholipid

(fos-fo-LIP-id)

[phospho- phosphorus, -lip- fat, -id form]

26

Polysaccharide

(pahl-ee-SAK-ah-ride)

[poly- many, -sacchar- sugar, -ide chemical]

27

Primary Protein Structure

(PRY-mair-ee PRO-teen STRUK-cher)

[prim- first, -ary relating to, prote- primary, -in substance, structur- arrangement]

28

Prostaglandin (PG)

(pross-tah-GLAN-din)

[pro- before, -sta- stand, -gland- acorn, -in substance]

29

Protein

(PRO-teen)

[prote- primary, -in substance]

30

Secondary Protein Structure

(SEK-on-dayr-ee PRO-teen STRUK-cher)

[second- second, -ary relating to, prote- primary, -in substance, structur- arrangement]