A01 biological therapies for schizophrenia Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in A01 biological therapies for schizophrenia Deck (15)
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1
Q

What are the 2 biological therapies

A
Anti psychotic medication
Electroconvulsive therapy (ect)
2
Q

What are the 2 sections of anti psychotic medication

A

Conventional psychotic drugs

Atypical psychotic drugs

3
Q

What are anti psychotic drygs

A

Drugs used ti treat severe psychotic illnesses
Schizo
Bipolar disorder

4
Q

Which of the 2 types of drugs combats which symptoms?

A

Conventional drugs = positive

Atypical drugs = positive and thought to combat negative

5
Q

Hiw do conventional an it psychotics work

5

A

Reduce effects of dopamine
So reduce symptoms of schizo
They’re dopamine antagonists
Bind to D2 (dopamine) receptors but don’t stimulate them and block their action
Due to reduced dopamine system stimulation they reduce positive symptoms of schizo eg hallucinations and delusions

6
Q

How do atypical anti psychotic drugs work

A

Like conventual drugs

But thought to block serotonin receptors too

7
Q

Who studied atypical psychotic drugs

A

Rimington and kapur

8
Q

What did remington and kapur find

A

Atypical anti psychotic drugs worked by blocking D2 receptors
But they blocked them for a short time - they dissociate quickly compared to conventional onez

9
Q

Why do atypical drugs have lower leveks of side effects

A

They dissociate quickly from the D2 receptors compared to conventional

10
Q

What are the 2 section of electroconvulsive therapy

A

Historical origins

What happens in ect

11
Q

Who tested effectiveness of ect

A

Karagulla

12
Q

What did karagulla find

A

Recovery from schizo after ect lower than control group

13
Q

Conclusion from historical origins of ect

A

Ect isn’t a god therapy for schizo

Can be harmful

14
Q

What happens in ect

4 steps

A

Patient first made unconscious
Patient is injected with a nerve blocking agent to prevent them from contracting during procedure which could lead to bone fractures
A small amount of electrical current passed through the brain lasting half a second
This produces a seizure lasting up to one minute and affects entire brain

15
Q

How could you improve ect

A

Combining it with anti psychotic medication reduces symptoms of schizo