A01 psychological explanations of schizophrenia Flashcards Preview

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1
Q

How are psychological explanations divided?

A

Psychological and sociocultural

2
Q

What are the psychological theories

A

Psychodynamic and cognitive

3
Q

What 2 processes did Freud believe schizo was a result of

A

Regression to a pre-ego stage

Attempts to reestablish ego control

4
Q

What were schizo symptoms seen as by Freud

A

Some symptoms reflect an infantile state in an indv (delusion of grandeur)
Some symptoms reflect attempts to reestablish ego control (hallucinations)

5
Q

What 3 points can you make from the cognitive approach of the psychological theories

A

It acknowledges biological factor for the Dev of schizo
States that further features of the disorder appear as indvs attempt to understand their experiences
For example when they tell others about their experiences they may reject feedback from others who claim their experiences are simply not real and then develop delusional beliefs that they are being manipulated and lied to by others

6
Q

What are the 3 sociocultural factors

A

Life events and schizophrenia
Family relationships
Labelling theory

7
Q

Who tested effects of life events on schizophrenia

A

Brown and Birley

8
Q

What did brown and Birley find

A

Prior to a schizo episode, patients who had previously experience schizo reported 2x as many stressful live events compared to a healthy control group

9
Q

Conclusion of life events and schizophrenia

A

Stressful life events increase risk of schizo episodes so could be an explanation of schizo

10
Q

What are the section if the family relationships

A

Double blind theory

Expressed emotion

11
Q

Who came up with the double blind theory

A

Bateson et al

12
Q

What did bateson et al say

A

Kids who recieve contradictory message from their parents are more likely to develop schizo

13
Q

Give an example for the double blind theory

A

Mhm tells her son she loves him but at same time turns her head away at disgust
This leads to the child to be confused due to one message invalidating the other

14
Q

Conclusion of double blind theory

A

Such contradictory messages prevent coherant construction of reality which leads to schizo

15
Q

Who studied expressed emotion

A

Kalafi and torabi

16
Q

What did kalafi and torabi do and find

A

Studied relapse rates of schizos in Iran

Found high prevalence of EE was one of the main causes of relapses

17
Q

A02

Who supported kalafi and torabi study?

A

Linszen et al

18
Q

What did linszen et al find

A

Patient returning to a family with high EE is 4x more likely to relapse than a patient returning to a family with low EE

19
Q

Conclusion for expressed emotion

A

Family communication style involving criticism, hostility leads to stress beyond impaired coping mechanisms and so schizo occurs

20
Q

Who tested the labelling theory

A

Comer

21
Q

What did comer find

A

Once a diagnostic label for schizo is applied it becomes a self fulfilling prophecy that lead to Dev of schizo

22
Q

What causes people ti label others as schizo

A

When someone is seen as acting in ways deviant from ‘normal’ rules and shows schizo symptoms