Flashcards in Abdomen/Digestive System Deck (11):
What is the function of the abdominal cavity?
-Transmits neurovascular supply
-Provide support for external reproductive organs
What are the 2 layers of the peritoneum?
Parietal and Visceral
What is the Mesentery?
Double layer which connects organs to posterior body walls
What are the functions of the peritoneum?
1) Protect underlying viscera
2) Allow gut motility
3) Pathways for vessels, nerves, lymphatics
5) Immune function
6) Fat storage
What is the function of the digestive system?
Food digestion, absorption and elimination of wastes
What are functions of the stomach?
1) Softens/mixes food with gastric juice
2) Gastric glands: produce digestive acids
3) Mucous glands: produce gastric lining
What are the regions of the small intestine?
What are the regions of the large intestine?
2) Ascending colon
3) Transverse colon
4) Descending colon
5) Sigmoid colon
7) Anal canal
What is a primary function of the liver?
Bile is produced by the liver for fat digestion
Describe position of heart
Deep to sternum, from left side to
approximately 1cm to the right of the