Abdomen/Digestive System Flashcards Preview

Human Anatomy > Abdomen/Digestive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Abdomen/Digestive System Deck (11):
1

What is the function of the abdominal cavity?

-Support/protect
-Transmits neurovascular supply
-Provide support for external reproductive organs

2

What are the 2 layers of the peritoneum?

Parietal and Visceral

3

What is the Mesentery?

Double layer which connects organs to posterior body walls

4

What are the functions of the peritoneum?

1) Protect underlying viscera
2) Allow gut motility
3) Pathways for vessels, nerves, lymphatics
4) Absorption
5) Immune function
6) Fat storage

5

What is the function of the digestive system?

Food digestion, absorption and elimination of wastes

6

What are functions of the stomach?

1) Softens/mixes food with gastric juice
2) Gastric glands: produce digestive acids
3) Mucous glands: produce gastric lining

7

What are the regions of the small intestine?

1) Duodenum
2) Jejunium
3) Ileum

8

What are the regions of the large intestine?

1) Caecum
2) Ascending colon
3) Transverse colon
4) Descending colon
5) Sigmoid colon
6) Rectum
7) Anal canal

9

What is a primary function of the liver?

Bile is produced by the liver for fat digestion

10

Describe position of heart

Deep to sternum, from left side to
approximately 1cm to the right of the
sternum

11

Describe position of lungs

-Pass superiorly above medial 1/3
of 1st rib
-Inferiorly the sit behind the 6th
rib medially and run obliquely down to
the 8th rib laterally 10th rib posteriorly