Flashcards in Pelvic/Reproductive System Deck (12):
What is the function of the pelvis?
-Protect organs of reproduction/digestion/urination
-Link trunk/lower limb
What are the major bones of the pelvis?
Ilium, Ischium, Pubis
What are the joints of the pelvis?
-Reinforced anteriorly and posteriorly
Pubic Symphysis Joint
-Reinforced superiorly and inferiorly
What is the difference between male and female pelvic outlets?
-Enlarged pelvic outlet
-Broader pubic angle, > 100 degrees
-Less curvature of sacrum and coccyx
-Ilia wider and shorter
Describe the kidneys
-Regulate blood pressure by salt: water
-Excrete wastes, e.g urea, ammonium
-Reabsorb water, glucose, amino-acid
-Adrenal glands produce hormones to regulate water and metabolism
Describe the ureter
-Hollow muscular tube that transports urine form the renal pelvis to urinary bladder
-Bladder fills= back flow discouraged
Describe the urinary bladder
-Smooth muscle walls
-Autonomic control of internal sphincter
-Voluntary control of external sphincter
-Passage of urine and semen (males)
What are the muscles of the pelvic diaphragm?
Leavtor Ani and Coccygeus
What is the perineum?
-Inferior to pelvic diaphragm between thighs
-Women have 3 outlets, men have 2
-pubic symphysis anteriorly, coccyx posteriorly, ischial tuberosities laterally
Describe the pelvic floor
1) Support position of pelvic organs
2) Resists intrabdominal pressure
3) Supports rectum: closes it
4) Made up of muscles