Acneiforms Eruptions Flashcards Preview

Dermatology > Acneiforms Eruptions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Acneiforms Eruptions Deck (17):
1

What are the 2 forms of acneiforms eruptions?

Acne Vulgaris
Acne Rosacea

2

What is the term used to describe blocked follicles?

Comedones

3

What areas are commonly affected by acne vulgaris?

Face
Back
Chest

4

What makes up the pill sebaceous unit?

Hair follicle
Sebaceous gland
Erector pili muscle

5

What is the peak incidence of acne?

15-18 years

6

What are the topical treatments for acne?

Retinoids
Benzoyl peroxide (BPO)
Antibiotics

7

What topical antibiotics are used for acne?

Clindamycin
Tetracycline
Erythromycin

8

What are the non topical antibiotics used in acne?

Antibiotics
Anti androgens (oral contraceptives/dianette)
Isotretinoin/ roaccutane
Light based treatments

9

How does isotretinoin?

Reduces amount of bacteria in follicle and inflammatory role of commensal bacteria

10

What is the recommend dose of isotretinoin used?

1mg/kg/day for 16 weeks

11

What are the contraindications of isotretinoin?

Must not be pregnant or get pregnant during treatment (highly teratogenic)
Many side effects
Expensive

12

What is rosacea?

Chronic inflammatory changes in cutaneous blood vessels

13

What is the peak incidence of rosacea?

30-50 years

14

What factors can contribute to rosacea?

Fair skinned/Celts
Alcohol
Spices
Emotion
Hot drinks

15

What are the sub types of rosacea?

Erythemato-telangiectatic
Papulo-pustular
Phymatous
Ocular

16

What is the topical treatment for rosacea?

Antibiotics (metronidazole)
Azeleic acid
Ivermectin
Brimonidine

17

What are the non topical treaments for rosacea?

Antibiotics (tetracyclines, erythromycin, metronidazole)
Isotretinoin
Light based treatments