Flashcards in Eczema Deck (30):
What is eczema also known as?
What areas does it commonly affect?
What is the definition of atopic eczema?
Itchy skin condition in the last 12 months plus 3 of the following
Onset before age 2
History of flexural involvement
History of generally dry skin
History of other atopic disease
What is spongiosis?
Intercellular oedema within the skin
What is acanthosis?
Thickening of the epidermis
What gene is associated with atopic eczema?
What is the pathogenesis of eczema?
Epidermal barrier dysfunction
What are the clinical features of eczema?
Distribution in flexures, face, hands and feet
What are the acute changes of eczema?
What are the chronic changes of eczema?
What are some of the external causes of eczema?
Photoallergic or photo aggravated eczema
What are some of the internal types of eczema?
What type of reaction is allergic contact dermatitis?
Type 4 hypersensitivity
What can cause irritant contact dermatitis?
Over exposure to water
Chemicals (acids, detergents, solvents)
Who are commonly affected by irritant contact dermatitis?
What test is used to test for type 4 hypersensitivity?
What is a common name for seborrhagic dermatitis in children?
What is the cause of seborrhagic dermatitis?
Overproduction of malassezia yeast
What are the signs of seborrhagic dermatitis?
Red, sharply marginated lesions covered with greasy looking scales
What is the treatment for seborrhagic dermatitis?
Topical anti-yeast (ketoconazole)
What is the appearance of discoid eczema?
Circular plaques of eczema
What are the signs of pompholyx/vesiular eczema?
Common on palms and soles
What is the appearance of asteatotic eczema?
Cracked and scaly
Very dry skin
What is the treatment for asteatotic eczema?
Where is a common area affected by venous eczema?
Ankle and lower leg
What is a resolution for venous eczema?
What are the clinical symptoms of eczema herpeticum?
Fever, often unwell
Itchy clusters of blisters and erosions
Swollen lymph glands
What causes eczema herpeticum?
Herpes simplex 1 and 2
What is the general treatments for eczema?
Intermittent topical steroids