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Dermatology > Benign Skin Lesions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Benign Skin Lesions Deck (33):
1

What is the appearance of seborrhoeic keratoses?

Warty Growths
"Stuck on appearance
Multiple growths
Possible addition of cherry angiomas

2

What is the treatment for seborrhoeic keratoses?

Generally untreated
Cryotherapy
Curettage

3

What are the pros of cryotherapy?

Cheap
Easy to perform "on the day"

4

What are the cons of cryotherapy?

Can scar
Failure/recurrence

5

What is Sign of Leser- Trelat?

Paraneoplastic phenomenon

6

What does sign of leser-trelat?

Abrupt onset of widespread senorrhoeic keratosis

7

What can seborrhoeic keratoses indicate?

Underlying solid organ malignancy (GI adenocarcinoma)

8

What type of virus causes viral warts?

Human papilloma virus

9

What is the treatment for viral warts?

Cryotherapy
Wart Paints
Curette if severe

10

What is a cyst?

Encapsulated lesion containing fluid or semi-fluid material

11

What are the different types of cysts?

Epidermoid
Pilar
Steatocystoma
Dermoid
Hidrocystoma
Ganglion

12

What is the treatment for cysts?

Excision

13

What treatment is given for a cyst if it is infected/inflammed?

Antibiotics
Intralesional steroid
Incision and drainage

14

What is the appearance of a dermatofibroma?

Fibrous nodule
Firm
Tethered to skin but mobile over fat
Pale pink/brown, paler in centre

15

What is the treatment for dermatofibroma?

Excision if concern
Symptomatic

16

What is the appearance of lipoma?

Smooth and rubbery subcutaneous mass

17

What is an angioma?

Overgrowth of blood vessels in the skin due to proliferating endothelial cells

18

What conditions are angiomas associated with?

Pregnancy
Liver disease

19

What is the treatment for angiomas?

Excision
Laser

20

What is a pyrogenic granuloma?

Rapidly enlarging red/raw growth, often at site of trauma

21

What is the treatment for pyrogenic granuloma?

Curettage and cautery

22

What are the risk factors for pre-malignant lesions?

UV radiation

23

What is Bowen's disease also known as?

Intraepidermal squamous cell carcinoma

24

What is the appearance of Bowen's disease?

Irregular
Scaly
Erythematous
Plaque

25

What is the treatment for Bowen's disease?

Cryotherapy
Curettage
Photodynamic therapy
Imiquimod

26

What is the main role of imiquimod?

Stimulates cytokine release

27

What are the pros of imiquimod?

Useful where surgery is undesirable
Usually good cosmetic result

28

What are the cons of imiquimod?

Treatment time is 6 weeks
Significant inflammation
Failure/ recurrence

29

What is the appearance of actinic keratoses?

Rough scaly patches on sun damaged skin

30

What is the treatment for actinic keratoses?

Cryotherapy
Curettage
Diclofenac gel
Imiquimod

31

What is a melanoma in situ?

Melanoma cells entirely confined to epidermis with no metastatic potential

32

What is the treatment for melanoma in situ?

Excision

33

What advice should be given for sun protection?

Cover up
Avoid sun at peak hours (10am-4pm)
Avoid sun beds
Sunscreen
Don't burn and try not to tan