Flashcards in Benign Skin Lesions Deck (33):
What is the appearance of seborrhoeic keratoses?
"Stuck on appearance
Possible addition of cherry angiomas
What is the treatment for seborrhoeic keratoses?
What are the pros of cryotherapy?
Easy to perform "on the day"
What are the cons of cryotherapy?
What is Sign of Leser- Trelat?
What does sign of leser-trelat?
Abrupt onset of widespread senorrhoeic keratosis
What can seborrhoeic keratoses indicate?
Underlying solid organ malignancy (GI adenocarcinoma)
What type of virus causes viral warts?
Human papilloma virus
What is the treatment for viral warts?
Curette if severe
What is a cyst?
Encapsulated lesion containing fluid or semi-fluid material
What are the different types of cysts?
What is the treatment for cysts?
What treatment is given for a cyst if it is infected/inflammed?
Incision and drainage
What is the appearance of a dermatofibroma?
Tethered to skin but mobile over fat
Pale pink/brown, paler in centre
What is the treatment for dermatofibroma?
Excision if concern
What is the appearance of lipoma?
Smooth and rubbery subcutaneous mass
What is an angioma?
Overgrowth of blood vessels in the skin due to proliferating endothelial cells
What conditions are angiomas associated with?
What is the treatment for angiomas?
What is a pyrogenic granuloma?
Rapidly enlarging red/raw growth, often at site of trauma
What is the treatment for pyrogenic granuloma?
Curettage and cautery
What are the risk factors for pre-malignant lesions?
What is Bowen's disease also known as?
Intraepidermal squamous cell carcinoma
What is the appearance of Bowen's disease?
What is the treatment for Bowen's disease?
What is the main role of imiquimod?
Stimulates cytokine release
What are the pros of imiquimod?
Useful where surgery is undesirable
Usually good cosmetic result
What are the cons of imiquimod?
Treatment time is 6 weeks
What is the appearance of actinic keratoses?
Rough scaly patches on sun damaged skin
What is the treatment for actinic keratoses?
What is a melanoma in situ?
Melanoma cells entirely confined to epidermis with no metastatic potential
What is the treatment for melanoma in situ?