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Flashcards in Adult Health Deck (14):
0

Difference between bleb and bullae

Bleb is less than 2cm cubed

1

Mechanism of tracheal tug

Movement of chest walls, muscles and diaphragm is transmitted along the trachea, pulling it rhythmically downwards

2

Diseases in COPD

- chronic bronchitis
- emphysema
- asthma

3

Characteristics of chronic bronchitis

Excessive mucus production with airway obstruction and notable hyperplasia of mucous producing glands

4

Characteristics of emphysema

Destruction of airways distal to the terminal bronchiole

5

Respiratory causes of clubbing

- bronchiectasis
- empyema
- suppurative lung disease
- tumours
- cystic fibrosis
- hpoa
- asbestosis
- pulmonary fibrosis
- sarcoidosis

6

Abdominal causes of clubbing

- IBD
- celiac disease
- liver abscess
- cirrhosis

7

Characteristics of rheumatoid arthritis

- chronic systemic inflammatory disease of unknown cause
- external trigger causes an AI reaction
- synovial hypertrophy and chronic joint inflammation

8

General mechanisms of UTIs

- colonization with ascending spread
- haematogenous spread
- oeriurogenital spread

9

What makes diabetics predisposed to UTIs

Hyperglycemia causes neutrophil dysfunction
Develop nephropathy and renal papillary necrosis

10

Characteristic vascular lesion of malignant hypertension

Fibrinoid necrosis of arterioles and small arteries

11

Possible mechanisms for pleural effusion in ESKD

- cardiac failure
- hypervolemia (loss of albumin in urine so decreased oncotic pressure)

12

How do transudates occur

Imbalance in oncotic and hydrostatic pressures

13

What causes exudates

Inflammation of the pleura or decreased lymphatic drainage