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Semester 6 > Mental Health > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mental Health Deck (60):
0

What is transference?

What patients feel for us

1

What is counter transference.

What we feel for patients

2

What does the suprachiasmic nucleus do?

Wakes us when it is light

3

What does REM stand for?

Rapid eye movement

4

Definition of narcolepsy

Genetic, falls asleep inappropriately

5

What is a syndrome

A cluster of symptoms

6

Aphasia

Damaged ability to produce/understand language

7

Dysarthria

Difficulty with articulation of speech

8

Types of aphasia

Non-fluent
- can understand (Broca)
Fluent
- don't understand (wernickers)

9

Tasks of the left hemisphere

- conversation
- language comprehension
- naming
- reading
- writing
- praxis (skilled movement)
- calculations

10

Tasks of right hemisphere

- facial discrimination
- facial recognition
- depth perception
- receptive affective prosody
- executive affective prosody
- music
- constructional abilities
- mental rotation of shapes
- appreciation of humor

11

Which hemisphere is damaged in apraxia?

Left hemisphere

12

What is qualia?

Subjective experience through senses

13

Things to record about speech

- rate
- volume
- quality

14

Things to record for thoughts

- speed
- form
- content
- possession

15

Define tangentiality

Off point

16

Define circumstantiality

Round-about

17

Define flight of ideas

Overall theme

18

Define derailment

Beginning makes sense

19

Define loosening of association

Makes no sense at all

20

Define a delusion

A belief held in the absence of proof
Can't be shaken if proof to the contrary is brought
Out of keeping with social, cultural and religious background

21

Themes of delusions

- religiosity
- grandiosity
- persecutory
- jealousy
- erotic

22

Definition of hallucination

False sensory perception that occurs in absence of proof

23

Definition of an illusion

Misperception of a real stimulus

24

Depersonalization

Sense that you are not real

25

De realization

Sense that the environment is not real

26

Definition of psychosis

Out of touch with reality

27

What meds do bipolar people take?

Mood stabilisers - lithium

28

Definition of a phobia

An un rational fear

29

Definition of sexual orientation

Erotic response in real life and in fantasy

30

Define gender dysphoria

Individual trapped in wrong biological body

31

Define a personality disorder

A pervasive interactional style that is stable over a life-span of which they are unaware

32

Type A personality disorders

- paranoid
- schizophrenic

33

Type B personality disorders

- Narcissistic
- antisocial
- histrionic
- borderline

34

Type C personality disorders

- dependant
- avoidant
- obsessive compulsive

35

Define a paraphilic disorder

When an individual can only achieve sexual arousal through abnormal means

36

What is a cultural syndrome?

A cluster of co-occurring symptoms found in a specific cultural context

37

What is a cultural idiom of distress?

A way of talking about suffering amongst people of a certain cultural group

38

What is a cultural explanation?

A perceived cause/ explanatory model that provides a culturally perceived etiology for a cause of distress

39

Describe the DSM 4 axes

- psychiatric diagnosis
- personality ds/ mental retardation
- physical health
- psychosocial stressors
- functioning

40

Etiological factors

- predisposing
- precipitating
- perpetuating
- protective

41

Definition of epilepsy

A repeated pattern of seizures

42

Definition of seizure

Paroxysmal burst of electrical activity

43

Definition of dejavu

An overwhelming sense that this moment has already been lived

44

Definition of jamaisvu

Feeling unfamiliar with the familiar

45

Erikson's stages of psychological life cycle

- trust vs mistrust
- autonomy vs shame and doubt
- initiative vs guilt
- industry vs inferiority
- identity vs role confusion
- intimacy vs isolation
- generativity vs self-absorption
- integrity vs despair

46

What does SSRIs stand for?

Serotonin specific re uptake inhibitor

47

IQ less than 70

Intellectual disability

48

Defining characteristics of autism

- deficits in language development, forming emotional ties
- intellectual disability

49

Characteristic of aspergers

- seem to not understand he rules of life

50

Types of disruptive behaviors

- ADD/ADHD
- oppositional defiant disorder
- conduct disorder (punishment was brutal but inconsistent)

51

Define copralalia

Uttering swear words/ inappropriate words involuntarily

52

Define enuresis

Wetting yourself

53

Define encopressis

No control of faeces

54

Hypovolaemic causes of LOC

- vasovagal attack (syncope)
- postural hypotension
- hyperventilation
- cardiac arrythmia

55

Define coma

Unrousable state of unconsciousness

56

Causes of comas

- apoplexy (brain stem infarction)
- epilepsy
- injury/infection
- opiates
- uraemia

57

When is violence a potential.

- very psychotic paranoid patients
- substance intoxication
- irritable manic
- head injuries
- severe personality disorders

58

Diagnosing dementia

Memory loss and one of:
- aphasia (deterioration of language)
- apraxia (inability to execute motor activities)
- agnosia (failure to recognize or identify objects)
- disturbances in executive functioning

59

Definition of delirium

A neuro-psychiatric syndrome characterized by extreme disturbances of arousal, attention, orientation, perception, intellectual function and affect