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Flashcards in Emergency Med Deck (29):
0

Objectives of immobilization

- pain relief
- further injury prevention

1

What does KED stand for?

Kendrick extrication device

2

Used to splint fractures pre-hospital

Kramer splints

3

ABCDE

- airway and C-spine control
- breathing and oxygenation
- circulation and defib
- disability (neurological status)
- exposure to assess extremity problems

4

Compression rate in adult CPR

>100 per minute

5

Depth of compression in adult CPR

4-5cm

6

Causes of airway obstruction

- tongue
- soft tissue swelling (anaphylaxis)
- blood or vomit
- foreign body
- direct injury
- laryngospasm
- infections

7

What's quinsy?

Peritonsillar abscess

8

Another name for OPAs

Guedel airways

9

Aspects of assessment of breathing

- effort of breathing
- efficacy of breathing
- effects of respiratory inadequacy

10

Methods of testing tissue perfusion

- colour
- capillary refill time
- urine output
- level of consciousness

11

Definition of shock

Inadequate tissue perfusion

12

Types of shock

- Hypovolaemic
- cardiogenic
- distributive
- obstructive
- metabolic (respiratory)

13

Possible IV fluids for treatment of Hypovolaemic shock

- crystalloids (ringers lactate)
- colloids (volvulen)
- blood products

14

AVPU score

- alert
- responds to voice
- responds to pain
- unresponsive to pain

15

What does SATS stand for?

South African triage scale

16

Definition of a major incident

Any incident where the number, severity, type of live casualties or by its location requires extraordinary resources

17

CSCATT

- command and control
- safety
- communication
- assessment
- triage
- treatment
- transport

18

1,2,3 of safety

Self, scene, survivors

19

METHANE report

- my name or rank
- exact location
- type of incident
- hazards
- access scene
- number and severity of casualties
- emergency services present and required

20

Indications for oxygen delivery

- cardiac and resp arrest
- hypoxemia
- hypotension
- metabolic acidosis
- resp distress

21

AMPLE

- allergy
- medication taking
- past history
- last meal
- events leading up

22

RICE

- rest
- ice
- compression
- elevation

23

Toxic levels of lidocaine

5mg/kg

24

Life threatening conditions presenting with chest pain

- ACS
- aortic dissection
- pulmonary embolism
- tension pneumothorax
- pericardial tamponade
- mediastinitis

25

Who usually presents with aortic dissectin?

Systemic hypertension in their 70s

26

Between which layers in aortic dissectin?

Intima and media

27

Who gets primary spontaneous pneumothorax?

Young tall thin males

28

Findings in shock

- hypotension
- oliguria
- change in mental status
- cool, clammy skin
- metabolic acidosis