Adulthood Moving through Adulthood Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Adulthood Moving through Adulthood Deck (37):
1

Let’s Review: Objectives 

Discuss factors related to attainment of adulthood
Use the chapter information to distinguish age-related considerations when developing an exercise program for someone in adulthood

2

Age 18 to end of life
Specifically defined as:

Young adulthood  what age?

20-40 y/o

3

Age 18 to end of life
Specifically defined as:

Middle adulthood is what age?

 40-65 y/o

4

Age 18 to end of life
Specifically defined as:

Late adulthood  what age?

 

 65 and older

5

Skeletal system

Bones lose bone density between ages of __________, therefore becoming more porous.

25-35

6

Skeletal system

Osteoporosis occurs more in women post menopausal : there is _____________ & _______________w/aging. 

 loss of bone & disc height

7

intense sustained drive to achieve self-selected goals by usually poorly defined goals, competitiveness, persistent desire for recognition & advancement, continuous involvement in multiple & diverse functions—deadline driven.
Habitual propensity to accelerate the rate of execution of many physical and mental functions 

Type A—

8

What does the text tell us about Type A behavior pattern?

will usually become another type of personality

9

expresses positive emotions, optimistic, relaxed typically, has many interests

Type B— 

10

cooperative & compliant w/authorities. Unexpressive & unassertive of their own negative emotions. At risk for cancer, depression & anxiety

Type C—

11

distressed personality type. Negative emotions & inhibit self-expression.
At 4-fold risk for CHD
“holds it all in”

Type D—

12

  • Speed of cognitive processing slows
  • Slower reaction times- safety concers
  • Greater chance for distractibility

Middle & Late Adults as Patients or “Learners”

13

Middle & Late Adults as Patients or “Learners”

Why is this important to know as a PTA?

14

The “big five” personality traits were discussed in the text (p427)

  1. Neuroticiism
  2. extroversion
  3. openness to experience
  4. agreeableness
  5. conscientiousness

 

15

Neuroticism 

put in

16

Extroversion

put in

17

openess to experience

put in

18

agreeableness

put in 

19

Conscientiousness

put in

20

How does the big five personality traits change as we age?

all 5 seperately increase or decrease

Neuroticism-theses decrease as we age

Extroversion- stay the same or decrease

openness to experience- decrease or stay same 

agreeableness- increase

conscientiousness - increases 

21

Osteoblasts vs osteoclasts activity

osteoblasts - build

osteoclasts- destroy

22

fuel for our body can be 

the food we eat

our positive attitudes

23

Dries out, becomes brittle & hard. Less flexible and more prone to injury. Thought to be due to less glycosaminoglycan & chondroitin.

Jello like 

Cartilage

24

Decline in protein synthesis leads to decreases in muscle mass & strength known as ______________. This decline is very slow unless compounded by illness.

sarcopenia

25

Muscle force is impacted due to a decrease or increase in total numbers of muscle fibers (type & size)? 

decrease

26

Muscles 

there is a Reduction in type II fibers (fast twitch),

type I fibers remain __________

stable

27

Muscles

Reduction in number of muscle __________ units

motor 

28

Reduction in cardiovascular system, leading to decreased _____________________ to the muscles

glycoproteins

(carbs and protein)

29

Muscles

Changes in NMS cause change in innervation, causing ____________.

less firing 

30

The aging process is limited by a genetic ability to replicate cells which has its own preset limits called the ____________(approx. 50 replications for a human cell). Also the ability of some cells to differentiate or become specialized cells decreases with the aging process. 

Hayflick limit 

31

_________ is the breaking down of cells into particles that can be eliminated by phagocytosis. Meaning there is an increase in these waste products within the older persons body. 

Apoptosis

32

Sensory changes

presbyopia is what

 decrease focus (vision)

33

Sensory changes

presbycusis is what?

Hearing—decrease hearing

34

Sensory changes

Olfactory—cranial nerves I & V- decrese in what???

smell

35

Sensory changes

Touch, pain, temperature—hypothermia & heat stroke are a possibility due to aging of the ___________.

hypothalmus

36

Sensory changes

Cognition & memory—brain weight decreases after age ________. Decrease in number of brain cells and proteins form amyloid plaques within normal neuronal cells. CNS & ANS can be affected. 

30

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