PBS HANDOUT (Physical Development) Flashcards Preview

Growth and Developement > PBS HANDOUT (Physical Development) > Flashcards

Flashcards in PBS HANDOUT (Physical Development) Deck (12):

Raises head slightly when lying on stomach,
hold head up for a few seconds when supported,
hold hand in a fist,
lift head and chest when on tummy,
sucking grasping and rooting,

Birth- 3 months


Babies are quickly becoming stronger and more agile. Most begin to:
Roll over
Push body forward and pull up by grabbing on edge of things
Reach for and touch objects
Reach grasp and put objects in mouth
Make discoveries with objects

3-6 months


"Child-proofing" becomes important as babies get more mobile. During this time most begin to:
Child proofing becomes important
Grasp and pull things towards self
Transfer objects between hands

6-9 months


By this time, most babies can
Sit w/o support
Stand unaided
Walk with aid
Roll a ball
Three objects
Pick things up with thumb and one finger (pincer)

9-12 months


Walking and self-initiated movement become easier. Most children can:
Walk alone
Walk backwards
Pick up toys from standing position
Push and pull objects
Up and down stairs with aid
Move to music

1-2 years


Walking and self-initiated movement become easier. Most children can:
Put rings on a peg
Turn two or three pages at a time
Turn knobs
Grasp and hold a small ball; can use in combination with large motor skills to throw the ball
Shift marker or any drawing or painting tool from hand to hand and draw strokes

1-2 years


Children become more comfortable with motion, increasing speed, and coordination. Most begin to:
Run forward
Jump in place with both feet together
Stand on one foot, with aid
Walk on tiptoe
Kick ball forward

2-3 years


Children are able to manipulate small objects with increased control. Most can:
String large beads
Turn pages one by one
Hold crayon with thumb and fingers instead of fist
Draw a circle
Paint with wrist action, making dots and lines
Roll, pound, squeeze, and pull clay

2-3 years


Movement and balance improve. Most children can:
Run around obstacles
Walk on a line
Balance on one foot
Push, pull, and steer toys
Ride a tricycle
Use a slide without help
Throw and catch a ball

3-4 years


Children's precision of motion improves significantly. Most are able to:
Build a tall tower of blocks
Drive pegs into holes
Draw crosses and circles
Manipulate clay by making balls, snakes, etc.

3-4 yrs


Children are now more confident, and most are able to:
Walk backwards
Jump forward many times without falling
Jump on one foot
Walk up and down stairs without assistance, alternating feet
Turn somersaults

4-5 yrs


Children develop skills that will help them as they enter school and begin writing. Most can:
Use safety scissors
Cut on a line continuously
Copy squares and crosses
Print a few capital letters

4-5 yrs