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Flashcards in Take time to relax Deck (15):


Discuss wellness and the impacts of it on society


  1. Not only the absence of illness but also the motivation to be involved in life, to have a sense of control over one’s actions, and to desire interaction and connection with other individuals
  2. this enhances our self-esteem and self-worth



pie graph

Aspects of Wellness

  1. psychological
  2. spiritual
  3. physical


  1. The ICF model incorporates health influences
  2. The ICF model recognizes function and disability
  3. Older models of disability and health focused primarily on disease, limitations, and risk factors

Wellness and the ICF model


Healthy People 2010

  • Initiative created by U.S. Department of Health and Human Services in 2000
  • Identified leading health indicators

Health concerns representing the trends in population health


  • Associated with increased risk of injury, disease, impairment, or death.
  • Personal or Environmental Factors

What are a few???

Risk Factors


Healthy People 2010

Key Concerns for Public Health

  1. Physical activity
  2. Overweight and obesity
  3. Tobacco use
  4. Substance abuse
  5. Responsible sexual behavior
  6. Mental health
  7. Injury and violence
  8. Environmental quality
  9. Immunization
  10. Access to health care


Physical Activity

Provider- based interventions (that is you!)

  1. Ask patients about their exercise habits, bring an awareness to the subject and importance of physical activity
  2. Discuss physical activity
  3. Develop appropriate HEPs and encourage use of them, especially in the elderly


Overweight and Obesity

BMI (Body Mass Index)
Calculate your BMI at:

BMI Categories:
Underweight = <18.5
Normal weight = 18.5-24.9
Overweight = 25-29.9
Obesity = BMI of 30 or greater
Example: Height = 5’4”  Weight = 140  BMI = 24


Health Risks of Those Overweight or Obese

  1. Higher risk for heart disease
  2. Higher risk for osteoarthritis
  3. High blood pressure
  4. Certain cancers
  5. 7x more likely to develop diabetes

What are the health risks related to diabetes?


Health risks

  1. Infertility problems in younger adults
  2. Higher risk of high blood pressure or hypertension
  3. Cancer
  4. Respiratory conditions (asthma, bronchitis, COPD)
  5. Significant risk of CVA, especially for females also taking birth control pills
  6. Osteoporosis
  7. Tend to have thicker, tougher skin and show signs of aging earlier
    1. Smoking constricts blood vessels and reduces amount of blood traveling to the skin 


Smoking and tobacco-product use Health risks?


  • “a state of emotional and psychological well-being in which an individual is able to use his or her cognitive and emotional capabilities, function in society, and meet the ordinary demands of everyday life.”
  • Mental health presents differently throughout the lifespan (childhood, adulthood, and late adulthood)

What are childhood stressors?
What about adulthood stressors?

Mental Health and Emotional Issues


“deterioration of intellectual faculties, such as memory, concentration, and judgment, resulting from an organic disease or disorder of the brain.”



Health Care Access Issues

  1. # of Americans without health insurance continues to increase
  2. In 2003, 15% of Americans did not have health insurance
  3. Many Americans that have health insurance do not have coverage for mental health services