Advanced Vocab Words - Set 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Advanced Vocab Words - Set 5 Deck (200):
1

Define:

obfuscate
(ob-fuh-skeyt)

v. to deliberately obscure, to make confusing, to bewilder

The governor obfuscated the issue with big words and numbers.

2

Define:

encomium
(en-koh-mee-uhm)

n. enthusiastic praise

That country's national anthem is an encomium to the heroes of a war long past.

3

Define:

din
(din)

n. loud sustained noise, confusing or tumultuous sound

During the concert, Jill couldn't hear Rick over the din of the loudspeakers.

4

Define:

alloy
(n. al-oi; v. al-oi)

n. a mixture of superior and inferior ingredients
v. to debase by mixing with something inferior

The heroism one sees nowadays is often alloyed with some degree of self-interest.

5

Define:

pugilism
(pyoo-djuh-liz-uhm)

n. the skill or practice of fighting with fists; boxing

Mike Tyson is known throughout the world for his pugilism.

6

Define:

sanctimony
(sangk-tuh-moh-nee)

n. self-righteousness, pretended piety, insincere holiness

His sanctimony was laughable, since we all knew he was one of the worst offenders.

7

Define:

baleful
(beyl-fuhl)

adj. full of sinister influence, pernicious, ominous

The basilisk's baleful glare is lethal.

8

Define:

hallow
(hal-oh)

v. to set apart as holy, to sanctify

The site for the church was hallowed in a special ceremony.

9

Define:

ostensible
(uh-sten-suh-buhl)

adj. apparent
adj. pretended

The oil spill was the ostensible result of lax safety regulations.

10

Define:

sinecure
(sahy-nih-kyoor)

n. a comfortable job requiring little work

Carolyn's position in the office is a sinecure; she does nothing all day yet she draws the same salary as everyone else.

11

Define:

lackey
(lak-ee)

n. a male servant, servile follower, toady

Lori's boyfriend becomes a lackey during her shopping trips.

12

Define:

redress
(ree-dress)

v. to set right, to remedy
n. compensation or restitution for a wrong

The peaceful petitioning for redress of wrongs is a right enshrined in our country's founding document.

13

Define:

unctuous
(uhngk-choo-uhs)

adj. oily, greasy
adj. characterized by insincere earnestness

The king had the unctuous toady removed from his palace.

14

Define:

arrant
(ar-uhnt)

adj. impudent
adj. thorough, utter, complete

Though the professor is considered one of the greats of his discipline, lately his lectures have verged on arrant nonsense.

15

Define:

vaunt
(vawnt)

v. to boast or brag about

Chris, though usually very modest, will readily vaunt his achievements in a job interview.

16

Define:

affectation
(af-ek-tey-shuhn)

n. a show or pretense
n. artificial behavior to impress others

That American doctor's affectation of a British accent has drawn much criticism.

17

Define:

philately
(fih-lat-uhl-ee)

n. the study of postage stamps

His grandfather is obsessed with philately and has even made several overseas pen pals in order to study their countries' postage.

18

Define:

canonical
(kuh-non-ih-kuhl)

adj. in agreement with accepted principles
adj. authorized, accepted

The canonical Mozart sonatas were consulted in order to compare them to the newly-discovered manuscript attributed to him.

19

Define:

whit
(wit)

n. the smallest possible part or fraction

The bank robber did not have a whit of self-respect.

20

Define:

epaulet
(ep-uh-let)

n. a shoulder ornament, esp. a strap on military uniforms

The veteran's uniform was adorned by a pair of impressive epaulets.

21

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to deliberately obscure, to make confusing, to bewilder

obfuscate
(ob-fuh-skeyt)

synonyms: baffle, muddle, confound

22

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. enthusiastic praise

encomium
(en-koh-mee-uhm)

synonyms: tribute, laudation, praise

23

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. loud, sustained noise, confusing or tumultuous sound

din
(din)

synonyms: buzz, clamor, commotion, racket

24

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a mixture of superior and inferior ingredients
v. to debase by mixing with something inferior

alloy
(n. al-oi; v. al-oi)

synonyms: blend, combination; debase, devalue

25

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the skill or practice of fighting with fists; boxing

pugilism
(pyoo-djuh-liz-uhm)

synonyms: battle, sparring, duel

26

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. self-righteousness, pretended piety, insincere holiness

sanctimony
(sangk-tuh-moh-nee)

synonyms: smug, hypocritical, preachy

27

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. full of sinister influence, pernicious, ominous

baleful
(beyl-fuhl)

synonyms: menacing, evil

28

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to set apart as holy, to sanctify

hallow
(hal-oh)

synonyms: bless, consecrate

29

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. apparent

ostensible
(uh-sten-suh-buhl)

synonyms: exhibited, likely, manifest

30

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a comfortable job requiring little work

sinecure
(sahy-nih-kyoor)

synonyms: easy work

31

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a male servant, servile follower, toady

lackey
(lak-ee)

synonyms: servant, butler, subordinate

32

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to set right, to remedy
n. compensation or restitution for a wrong

redress
(ree-dress)

synonyms: help, compensate; justice

33

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. oily, greasy
adj. characterized by insincere earnestness

unctuous
(uhngk-choo-uhs)

synonyms: fatty, slick; lying, untruthful

34

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. impudent
adj. thorough, utter, complete

arrant
(ar-uhnt)

synonyms: shameless; brazen

35

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to boast, to brag

vaunt
(vawnt)

synonyms: flaunt, gloat

36

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a show or pretense
n. artificial behavior to impress others

affectation
(af-ek-tey-shuhn)

synonyms: pretend, artificiality

37

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the study of postage stamps

philately
(fih-lat-uhl-ee)

synonyms: study of stamps

38

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. in agreement with accepted principles
adj. authorized, accepted

canonical
(kuh-non-ih-kuhl)

synonyms: orthodox, standard

39

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the smallest possible part or fraction

whit
(wit)

synonyms: atom, crumb, grain, iota

40

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a shoulder ornament, esp. a strap on military uniforms

epaulet
(ep-uh-let)

synonyms: military decoration, service stripe

41

Define:

panoply
(pan-uh-plee)

n. a splendid, striking array
n. the complete armory of a warrior
n. a shining protective array

A porcupine's panoply of quills is quite a protective arsenal.

42

Define:

pantheon
(pan-thee-on)

n. a temple dedicated to the gods
n. all the gods of a people
n. a group of famous persons

The Greek pantheon includes Zeus and his consort, Hera.

43

Define:

blandish
(blan-dish)

v. to coax or influence with flattery

Steve blandished her into going out with him.

44

Define:

peremptory
(puh-remp-tuh-ree)

adj. admitting of no contradiction; putting an end to further debate; haughty; imperious

He ended the discussion with a peremptory wave of his hand.

45

Define:

tyro
(tahy-roh)

n. a beginner or novice in any kind of skill

The hapless tyro tripped over the ropes on his way into the boxing ring.

46

Define:

fetid
(fet-id)

adj. malodorous, stinky

The fetid green substance had taken over the entire fridge.

47

Define:

fecundity
(fih-kuhn-dih-tee)

n. fertility, fruitfulness

An artist's period of fecundity can come at any time of her life.

48

Define:

rarefied
(rair-uh-fahyd)

adj. thin, pure, refined

The rarefied air of higher altitudes makes it very difficult to climb Mt. Everest.

49

Define:

delectation
(dee-lek-tey-shuhn)

n. enjoyment

They played wiffleball for the delectation of it, not for the competition.

50

Define:

fickle
(fick-ul)

adj. prone to changing often

Suzanne was a fickle friend who could not be relied upon.

51

Define:

fidelity
(fih-dell-ih-tee)

n. devotion to obligations or loyalties
n. the accuracy of a reproduced sound or image

Kevin's parents were proud of him for his fidelity to the family business.

52

Define:

fission
(fish-un)

n. the act of separating into parts

The controversial legislation led to the fission of the administration.

53

Define:

flag
(flag)

v. to become tired or weak
v. to droop or limp

The runner's enthusiasm flagged when she realized she still had many miles ahead of her.

54

Define:

florid
(floor-id)

adj. healthy-looking
adj. ornate or flowery

The author's florid prose did not impress the critics, who found her work pretentious.

55

Define:

forbear
(for-bear)

v. to refrain from doing something

Although I know Adam likes to crack jokes, I would have liked him to forbear silliness in such a serious situation.

56

Define:

forestall
(for-stall)

v. to deal with ahead of time; to prevent

The mayor called the police before the protest even began in order to forestall rioting.

57

Define:

quail
(kweyl)

v. to shrink with fear

The puppy quailed at my angry tone.

58

Define:

forthright
(forth-rahyt)

adj. straightforward

One should be forthright and honest with the authorities so as not to seem suspicious.

59

Define:

fortuity
(for-too-ih-tee)

n. an event that happens by chance without a known cause
n. luck

By sheer fortuity, Linda was assigned to the same homeroom as her twin brother.

60

Define:

mince
(minss)

v. to speak carefully; to euphemize

Don't mince words with me; just say what you need to say!

61

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a splendid, striking array
n. the complete armory of a warrior
n. a shining protective array

panoply
(pan-uh-plee)

synonyms: display, arrangement; armaments

62

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a temple dedicated to the gods
n. all the gods of a people
n. a group of famous persons

pantheon
(pan-thee-on)

synonyms: house of worship, sanctuary

63

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to coax or influence with flattery

blandish
(blan-dish)

synonyms: charm, flatter

64

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. admitting of no contradiction; putting an end to further debate; haughty; imperious

peremptory
(puh-remp-tuh-ree)

synonyms: opinionated, absolute, assertive

65

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a beginner or novice in any kind of skill

tyro
(tahy-roh)

synonyms: beginner, rookie

66

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. malodorous, stinky

fetid
(fet-id)

synonyms: corrupt, gross

67

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. fertility, fruitfulness

fecundity
(fih-kuhn-dih-tee)

synonyms: abundance, productivity

68

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. thin, pure, refined

rarefied
(rair-uh-fahyd)

synonyms: thin, refined

69

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. enjoyment

delectation
(dee-lek-tey-shuhn)

synonyms: delight, elation

70

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. prone to changing often

fickle
(fick-ul)

synonyms: inconstant, unpredictable

71

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. devotion to obligations or loyalties
n. the accuracy of a reproduced sound or image

fidelity
(fih-dell-ih-tee)

synonyms: allegiance, faith

72

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the act of separating into parts

fission
(fish-un)

synonyms: division, severance, parting

73

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to become tired or weak
v. to droop or limp

flag
(flag)

synonyms: droop, fade, wane, weaken

74

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. healthy-looking
adj. ornate or flowery

florid
(floor-id)

synonyms: pretty, fancy; extravagant, ornamental

75

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to refrain from doing something

forbear
(for-bear)

synonyms: avoid, constrain, forgo

76

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to deal with ahead of time; to prevent

forestall
(for-stall)

synonyms: intercept, anticipate, prevent

77

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to shrink with fear

quail
(kweyl)

synonyms: recoil, cower

78

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. straightforward

forthright
(forth-rahyt)

synonyms: honest, frank

79

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an event that happens by chance without a known cause
n. luck

fortuity
(for-too-ih-tee)

synonyms: accident; good fortune

80

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to speak carefully; to euphemize

mince
(minss)

synonyms: soften, tone down

81

Define:

visceral
(viss-er-uhl)

adj. felt in one's stomach
adj. emotional, rather than intellectual

Jeb's visceral response to his mother's racist ramblings was visible to all of us.

82

Define:

refectory
(rih-fek-tuh-ree)

n. a room or dining area where meals are served

The students milled about the entrance to the refectory, counting down the seconds until supper would be served.

83

Define:

frenetic
(fruh-net-ik)

adj. frenzied or frantic

Frenetic screams filled the room as people tried to get out before the fire spread.

84

Define:

infinitesimal
(in-fin-ih-tess-uh-muhl)

adj. immeasurably small

The proportion of truly selfless people in this world is surely infinitesimal .

85

Define:

sanguine
(sang-gwin)

adj. cheerfully optimistic; a blood-red color

Samantha had a sanguine attitude towards life that enriched those around her.

86

Define:

furtive
(fur-tiv)

adj. secretive, sly

At the party, Julia cast furtive glances around the room to make sure her elder sister was not around to send her back home.

87

Define:

calumny
(kal-uhm-nee)

n. a false statement; slander, aspersion

The desperate candidate abandoned reasoned arguments and resorted to calumnies against the front-runner.

88

Define:

quotidian
(kwoh-tid-ee-uhn)

adj. everyday, commonplace, habitual

Joe's small, quotidian pleasures seemed more substantial than Mattias's high-profile jet-setting.

89

Define:

salacious
(suh-ley-shuhs)

adj. causing sexual desire, bawdy

Many parents were unhappy with the magazine's salacious material.

90

Define:

importune
(im-pour-chewn)

v. to beg persistently

Kate importuned her father every day to teach her how to sail.

91

Define:

impregnable
(im-preg-nuh-bul)

adj. able to withstand attack

The fortress was surrounded by a moat so as to make it impregnable.

92

Define:

daft
(daft)

adj. mad, crazy
adj. foolish

The daft man was walking about the room conversing with himself.

93

Define:

solemn
(sol-uhm)

adj. deeply earnest, grave
adj. of a very serious nature; gloomy

Carter's solemn voice made his family suspect that a tragedy had occurred.

94

Define:

impromptu
(im-promp-too)

adj. spontaneously done without preparation

During a lull in the live broadcast, the host began an impromptu dance number with some of the contestants.

95

Define:

impudent
(im-pyuh-dent)

adj. improperly disrespectful

The girl was forced to apologize in front of the class for her impudent attitude towards her teachers.

96

Define:

bedizen
(bih-dahy-zuhn)

v. to adorn, usually in a poorly conceived or tasteless manner

Paula was bedizened with gaudy decorations.

97

Define:

incense
(in-sense)

v. to make angry

The class's behavior incensed the teacher to the point that she gave them all extra homework.

98

Define:

volition
(voh-lish-uhn)

n. a conscious decision or the capability of choosing
n. willingness

Though his friends had egged him on, it was determined that Pat stole the sunglasses of his own volition.

99

Define:

tamp
(tamp)

v. to plug
v. to drive in or down by a series of blows

They tamped down the soil around the base of the new sapling.

100

Define:

steel
(steel)

v. to make hard, strong or obdurate
v. to fill with determination

John realized that he would lose the chess match and steeled himself for disappointment.

101

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. felt in one's stomach
adj. emotional, rather than intellectual

visceral
(viss-er-uhl)

synonyms: habitual, instinctive, inherent; affective

102

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a room or dining area where meals are served

refectory
(rih-fek-tuh-ree)

synonyms: chamber, dining hall

103

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. frenzied or frantic

frenetic
(fruh-net-ik)

synonyms: anxious, hysterical, rattled

104

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. immeasurably small

infinitesimal
(in-fin-ih-tess-uh-muhl)

synonyms: little, microscopic

105

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. cheerfully optimistic

sanguine
(sang-gwin)

synonyms: happy, cheerful

106

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. secretive, sly

furtive
(fur-tiv)

synonyms: sneaky, stealthy

107

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a false statement; slander, aspersion

calumny
(kal-uhm-nee)

synonyms: misrepresentations, slanderous

108

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. everyday, commonplace, habitual

quotidian
(kwoh-tid-ee-uhn)

synonyms: ordinary, trivial

109

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. causing sexual desire, bawdy

salacious
(suh-ley-shuhs)

synonyms: erotic, lecherous, raunchy

110

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to beg persistently

importune
(im-pour-chewn)

synonyms: demand, appeal

111

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. able to withstand attack

impregnable
(im-preg-nuh-bul)

synonyms: impenetrable, unassailable

112

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. mad, crazy
adj. foolish

daft
(daft)

synonyms: absurd, insane

113

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. deeply earnest, grave
adj. of a very serious nature; gloomy

solemn
(sol-uhm)

synonyms: quiet, serious, grave, somber

114

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. spontaneously done without preparation

impromptu
(im-promp-too)

synonyms: improvised, unrehearsed, spontaneous

115

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. improperly disrespectful

impudent
(im-pyuh-dent)

synonyms: cocky, insolent, overbearing

116

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to adorn, usually in a poorly conceived or tasteless manner

bedizen
(bih-dahy-zuhn)

synonyms: clothe, embellish, garnish

117

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make angry

incense
(in-sense)

synonyms: fire up, enrage

118

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a conscious decision or the capability of choosing
n. willingness

volition
(voh-lish-uhn)

synonyms: choice, option, preference

119

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to plug
v. to drive in or down by a series of blows

tamp
(tamp)

synonyms: fill, jam; ram, butt, drive

120

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make hard, strong or obdurate
v. to fill with determination

steel
(steel)

synonyms: harden, toughen; brace, embolden

121

Define:

gossamer
(goss-uh-murr)

adj. delicate, insubstantial, flimsy

The gossamer kite broke in two at the first gust of wind.

122

Define:

inimical
(ih-nim-ih-kuhl)

adj. hostile, unfriendly

The Antarctic is inimical to life.

123

Define:

vainglorious
(veyn-glawr-ee-us)

adj. boastful of one's accomplishments or accolades; vain

Dave's vainglorious attitude unfortunately overshadowed his considerable accomplishments.

124

Define:

pariah
(puh-rahy-uh)

n. an outcast; a rejected or despised person

Alex left the party feeling like a pariah.

125

Define:

indelible
(in-del-uh-buhl)

adj. impossible to remove or to forget

The memory of that day had become indelible in his mind.

126

Define:

byzantine
(biz-uhn-teen)

adj. complex, intricate, labyrinthine

The byzantine rules of the card game confused everyone.

127

Define:

inveigh
(in-vey)

v. to attack verbally, to deprecate

The protesters were inveighing against government policies.

128

Define:

peccadillo
(pek-uh-dil-oh)

n. slight infraction of rules, a minor sin

As a society, we tend to take our politicians to task over peccadilloes while overlooking the failings of our political system as a whole.

129

Define:

panegyric
(pan-ih-djirr-ik)

n. a formal and elaborate public compliment; praise, laudation

The mayor extended a panegyric to all of the citizens who were fighting overseas.

130

Define:

quaff
(kwaf)

v. to drink deeply; to intoxicate oneself with great enjoyment

He quaffed the pint in a three hearty gulps.

131

Define:

inchoate
(in-koe-it)

adj. not fully formed

An inchoate sense of duty is no substitute for a sober assessment of the hardships that lie ahead if you decide to follow your husband to his remote post.

132

Define:

essay
(n., ess-ey; v., ess-ey)

n. an attempt or trial
v. to test, try, experiment, investigate

My frequent essays at piano playing have only met with failure.

133

Define:

incisive
(in-sahy-siv)

adj. quick to understand or perceptive
adj. clearly expressed; decisive

The boy's incisive mind allowed him to excel in all of his classes.

134

Define:

incorrigible
(in-kor-ih-juh-bull)

adj. unable to be corrected or reformed

Incorrigible juvenile offenders are sent to a special program within the prison.

135

Define:

inculcate
(ing-cull-kate)

v. to teach by frequent repetition

Throughout the year, the faculty is expected to inculcate the essentials of fire safety in the students.

136

Define:

indigenous
(in-didj-ih-nuss)

adj. originating in a certain place

The Aborigines are a people indigenous to Australia.

137

Define:

indigent
(in-dih-djunt)

adj. extremely poor

The organization's mission was to provide educational resources to indigent women in various countries.

138

Define:

indolent
(in-dull-uhnt)

adj. habitually lazy
adj. causing little or no pain

The company's owner decided to fire the most indolent workers first.

139

Define:

redolent
(red-uhl-uhnt)

adj. fragrant, suggestive, or evocative

The fraternity house was redolent of stale beer and day-old pizza

140

Define:

provident
(prov-ih-duhnt)

adj. looking to the future
adj. frugal

The young couple's provident financial planning was an asset to them later in life.

141

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. delicate, insubstantial, flimsy

gossamer
(goss-uh-murr)

synonyms: thin, delicate, light, fragile

142

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. hostile, unfriendly

inimical
(ih-nim-ih-kuhl)

synonyms: antagonistic, harmful

143

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. boastful of one's accomplishments or accolades; vain

vainglorious
(veyn-glawr-ee-us)

synonyms: immodest, self-absorbed

144

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an outcast; a rejected or despised person

pariah
(puh-rahy-uh)

synonyms: vagabond, persona non grata

145

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. impossible to remove or to forget

indelible
(in-del-uh-buhl)

synonyms: enduring, lasting, unforgettable

146

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. labyrinthine, complex. intricate

byzantine
(biz-uhn-teen)

synonyms: convoluted, elaborate

147

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to attack verbally, deprecate

inveigh
(in-vey)

synonyms: remonstrate, lambaste

148

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. slight infraction of rules, a minor sin

peccadillo
(pek-uh-dil-oh)

synonyms: faux pas, misdemeanor, vice

149

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a formal and elaborate public compliment; praise, laudation

panegyric
(pan-ih-djirr-ik)

synonyms: flattery, compliment, credit

150

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to drink deeply; to intoxicate oneself with great enjoyment

quaff
(kwaf)

synonyms: guzzle, swig

151

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. not fully formed

inchoate
(in-koe-it)

synonyms: undeveloped, beginning, elementary

152

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an attempt or trial
v. to test, try, experiment, investigate

essay
(n., ess-ey, v., ess-ey)

synonyms: experiment, endeavor, attempt, trial

153

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. quick to understand or perceptive
adj. clearly expressed; decisive

incisive
(in-sahy-siv)

synonyms: intelligent, quick; clear-cut

154

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unable to be corrected or reformed

incorrigible
(in-kor-ih-juh-bull)

synonyms: rebellious, disobedient, incurable

155

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to teach by frequent repetition

inculcate
(ing-cull-kate)

synonyms: communicate, drill, instill

156

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. originating in a certain place

indigenous
(in-didj-ih-nuss)

synonyms: native, inborn, aboriginal

157

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. extremely poor

indigent
(in-dih-djunt)

synonyms: destitute, impoverished

158

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. habitually lazy
adj. causing little or no pain

indolent
(in-dull-uhnt)

synonyms: idle, lazy; insensitive

159

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. fragrant, suggestive or evocative

redolent
(red-uhl-uhnt)

synonyms: aromatic, imbued with

160

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. looking to the future
adj. frugal

provident
(prov-ih-duhnt)

synonyms: cautious, prepared; thrifty

161

Define:

untoward
(uhn-tawrd)

adj. troublesome, unruly, adverse, or indecent

This is not the first time I have noted untoward similarities between those two students' papers.

162

Define:

paean
(pee-uhn)

n. a song or expression of joy or praise

After their country won the World Cup, the band wrote a paean to the national team that became a Top 20 hit.

163

Define:

aspersion
(uh-spur-zhuhn)

n. the act of defamation or maligning; a derogatory remark

The aspersions cast by his political opponent took weeks to eradicate.

164

Define:

lucid
(lue-sid)

adj. easy to understand
adj. transparent (permitting light to pass through)
adj. having a clear mind

The artist was unable to express his abstract ideas in a lucid manner.

165

Define:

luminous
(lue-muh-nus)

adj. emitting light; bright
adj. enlightening

My friend raves about this "luminous" collection of poems, though I didn't think it was particularly insightful.

166

Define:

luxuriant
(lug-zhure-ee-unt)

adj. growing in extreme abundance
adj. luxurious and complexly detailed

Anne's luxuriant garden was considered the nicest in the neighborhood.

167

Define:

malevolent
(muh-lev-uh-lunt)

adj. wishing evil on others

The malevolent old woman was always trying to make her neighbors miserable.

168

Define:

manifest
(man-ih-fest)

n. a list of the people aboard a ship or plane
adj. clearly apparent
v. to exhibit a quality

Linda's laziness was manifest in the messy state of her apartment.

169

Define:

mannered
(man-urd)

adj. artificial or affected

The pretentious socialite had a mannered way of speaking that did not impress many of her peers.

170

Define:

mantle
(man-tul)

n. a covering or concealing object
n. a symbol of power or duty

Amid the spate of resignations at town hall, the untested woman was forced to accept the mantle of leadership as the town's youngest mayor ever.

171

Define:

mar
(mar)

v. to make imperfect
n. a mark that damages the appearance of something

Although entertaining and well-written, the screenplay was marred by its dependence on stereotypes instead of well-developed characters.

172

Define:

martinet
(mar-tih-net)

n. one who demands strict adherence to rules

The nanny was hired for the unruly children because of her reputation as a martinet who would be sure to keep them in line.

173

Define:

matrix
(may-tricks)

n. a place in which something originates or develops

This computer program is the matrix for the movie's digital art.

174

Define:

palette
(pal-it)

n. a board used by artists to mix paint colors
n. a range of colors

The poor artist managed to make an interesting piece with a palette of only black and white.

175

Define:

paradigm
(pair-ih-dahym)

n. a standard example
n. a pattern or model

He used the Civil War as a historical paradigm to support his point.

176

Define:

paramount
(pair-ih-mount)

adj. most important

Educational reform was a paramount issue for both mayoral candidates.

177

Define:

parch
(parch)

v. to make dry
v. to make thirsty

The sun's intense heat parched the ground and wilted the leaves on the trees.

178

Define:

parsimonious
(par-suh-moh-nee-us)

adj. frugal; cheap

Her aunt was too parsimonious to chip in for the family's annual reunion.

179

Define:

pathology
(pah-thol-uh-djee)

n. the study of disease
n. a disease's progression or manifestation 

An oncologist concerns herself with the pathology of cancer.

180

Define:

paucity
(paw-suh-tee)

n. a small amount

The paucity of resources meant the film had to be made with unpaid actors and few crew members.

181

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. troublesome, unruly, adverse, or indecent

untoward
(uhn-tawrd)

synonyms: problematic, objectionable

182

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a song or expression of joy or praise

paean
(pee-uhn)

synonyms: hymn, melody

183

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the act of defamation or maligning; derogatory remark

aspersion
(uh-spur-zhuhn)

synonyms: abuse, belittlement

184

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. easy to understand
adj. transparent (permitting light to pass through)
adj. having a clear mind

lucid
(lue-sid)

synonyms: clearheaded, sensible, unblurred

185

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. emitting light; bright
adj. enlightening

luminous
(lue-muh-nus)

synonyms: glowing; edifying

186

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. growing in extreme abundance
adj. luxurious and complexly detailed

luxuriant
(lug-zhure-ee-unt)

synonyms: fertile, lush, prolific

187

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. wishing evil on others

malevolent
(muh-lev-uh-lunt)

synonyms: hateful, malicious, malignant

188

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a list of the people aboard a ship or plane
adj. clearly apparent
v. to exhibit a quality

manifest
(man-ih-fest)

synonyms: ledger; conspicuous, unambiguous; demonstrate, show

189

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. artificial or affected

mannered
(man-urd)

synonyms: unnatural, stilted

190

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a covering or concealing object
n. a symbol of power or duty

mantle
(man-tul)

synonyms: cloak, covering

191

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make imperfect
n. a mark that damages the appearance of something

mar
(mar)

synonyms: hurt, blemish, ruin

192

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. one who demands strict adherence to rules

martinet
(mar-tih-net)

synonyms: authoritarian, enforcer

193

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a place in which something originates or develops

matrix
(may-tricks)

synonyms: forge, source, origin

194

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a board used by artists to mix paint colors
n. a range of colors

palette
(pal-it)

synonyms: paint board, spectrum

195

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a standard example
n. a pattern or model

paradigm
(pair-ih-dahym)

synonyms: archetype, template

196

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. most important

paramount
(pair-ih-mount)

synonyms: principal, prominent, significant

197

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make dry
v. to make thirsty

parch
(parch)

synonyms: dehydrate, dry, evaporate

198

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. frugal; cheap

parsimonious
(par-suh-moh-nee-us)

synonyms: penurious, miserly, simple

199

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the study of disease
n. a disease's progression or manifestation

pathology
(pah-thol-uh-djee)

synonyms: disease science

200

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a small amount

paucity
(paw-suh-tee)

synonyms: lack, scarcity