Advanced Vocab Words - Set 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Advanced Vocab Words - Set 9 Deck (98):
1

Define:

mendacious
(men-dey-shuhs)

adj. dishonest

Phyllis is mendacious yet entertaining; she is fun to talk to at a party, but I wouldn't believe a word she says.

2

Define:

consequential
(kon-suh-kwen-shuhl)

adj. important
adj. pompous, self-important

I am not prepared to accept such consequential airs from a journalist 20 years my junior.

3

Define:

tremulous
(trem-yuh-luhs)

adj. trembling, timid, fearful

He signed the contract with a tremulous hand.

4

Define:

mendicant
(men-dih-kuhnt)

n. a beggar, a supplicant

There was a large number of mendicants stalking the street.

5

Define:

egress
(n. ee-grehss; v. ih-grehss)

n. exit
v. to exit

It was thought that the prisoner, seeking egress from his cell before the spreading fire consumed it, had managed to slip out between the warping floorboards.

6

Define:

preternatural
(pree-ter-nach-er-uhl)

adj. beyond what is normal or natural

Occasionally, people with mental illnesses also exhibit preternatural abilities in mathematics or memorization.

7

Define:

fulminate
(fuhl-muh-neyt)

v. to verbally attack
v. to explode

The crotchety old fool fulminated about every sort of modern improvement while we listened, too stunned to interrupt him.

8

Define:

gull
(guhl)

v. to fool or deceive

They gulled Akiko so well that she walked right into her own surprise party without suspecting a thing.

9

Define:

rebus
(ree-buhss)

n. a riddle in which words are represented by pictures

Pictures of bees and eyes are commonly used in a rebus to symbolize the words "be" and "I".

10

Define:

pedestrian
(puh-dess-tree-uhn)

adj. commonplace, trite, unremarkable

Timothy's dissertation was lengthy but pedestrian.

11

Define:

distrait
(diss-trey)

adj. distracted as a result of anxiety

The distrait teacher kept pausing mid-sentence to look out the window.

12

Define:

nefarious
(nih-fair-ee-uhs)

adj. vicious, evil

The nefarious conspirators left nothing in the poor woman's house.

13

Define:

factious
(fak-shuhss)

adj. inclined to make arguments, divisive, contentious

Many networks purposely select factious personalities to appear in their reality T.V. shows in the hopes that their bickering will attract viewers.

14

Define:

ignoble
(ig-noh-buhl)

adj. dishonorable, disgraceful

The ignoble act of profiteering at someone else's expense is not to be condoned.

15

Define:

epithet
(epp-ih-thet)

n. a characterizing phrase
n. a disparaging word or phrase

Ivan the Terrible's name was one epithet I do not envy.

16

Define:

anodyne
(ann-uh-dahyn)

adj. pain-relieving, soothing; bland
n. a distress-reliever

She tried to keep the conversation as anodyne as possible

17

Define:

jejune
(djih-djoon)

adj. uninteresting, dull
adj. immature
adj. lacking in nutrition

It may be said that her verse is jejune, but I happen to find a sage sensibility in her later poems.

18

Define:

conciliatory
(kuhn-sill-ee-uh-tawr-ee)

adj. agreeable; overcoming distrust or hostility

Karen's conciliatory attitude helped her to move up in the business.

19

Define:

diaspora
(dahy-ass-per-uh)

n. a dispersion of people from their homeland (esp. Jews)
n. a community of dispersed people

The African diaspora throughout the world has settled into certain traditions, some of which are not actually African in origin.

20

Define:

welter
(well-ter)

v. to writhe, toss about; to be in turmoil

The lake weltered in the storm, tossing the boat all over.

21

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. dishonest

mendacious
(men-dey-shuhs)

synonyms: deceptive, false

22

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. important
adj. pompous, self-important

consequential
(kon-suh-kwen-shuhl)

synonyms: significant, considerable; egotistic

23

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. trembling, timid, fearful

tremulous
(trem-yuh-luhs)

synonyms: quivering, cowardly, nervous

24

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a beggar, a supplicant

mendicant
(men-dih-kuhnt)

synonyms: panhandler, pauper

25

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. exit
v. to exit

egress
(n. ee-grehss; v. ih-grehss)

synonyms: departure, escape, withdrawal

26

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. beyond what is normal or natural

preternatural
(pree-ter-nach-er-uhl)

synonyms: anomalous, irregular, bizarre

27

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to verbally attack
v. to explode

fulminate
(fuhl-muh-neyt)

synonyms: berate, condemn; blast, blow up

28

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to fool or deceive

gull
(guhl)

synonyms: mislead, hoodwink, dupe

29

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a riddle in which words are represented by pictures

rebus
(ree-buhss)

synonyms: puzzle, enigma

30

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. commonplace, trite, unremarkable

pedestrian
(puh-dess-tree-uhn)

synonyms: everyday, dull, uninteresting

31

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. distracted as a result of anxiety

distrait
(diss-trey)

synonyms: preoccupied, engrossed, scatterbrained

32

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. vicious, evil

nefarious
(nih-fair-ee-uhs)

synonyms: atrocious, malevolent

33

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. inclined to make arguments, divisive, contentious

factious
(fak-shuhss)

synonyms: conflicting, warring, belligerent

34

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. dishonorable, disgraceful

ignoble
(ig-noh-buhl)

synonyms: corrupt, lewd, petty

35

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a characterizing phrase
n. a disparaging word or phrase

epithet
(epp-uh-thet)

synonyms: nickname, title, designation

36

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. pain-relieving, soothing; bland
n. a distress reliever

anodyne
(ann-uh-dahyn)

synonyms: curative, dull, toothless

37

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. uninteresting, dull
adj. immature
adj. lacking in nutrition

jejune
(dji-djoon)

synonyms: empty, banal, childlike

38

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. agreeable; overcoming distrust or hostility

conciliatory
(kuhn-sill-ee-uh-tawr-ee)

synonyms: appeasing, pacifying

39

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a dispersion of people from their homeland (esp. Jews)
n. a community of dispersed people

diaspora
(dahy-ass-per-uh)

synonyms: dispersion, exodus

40

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to writhe, toss about; to be in turmoil

welter
(well-ter)

synonyms: commotion, tumble, sway

41

Define:

ruminate
(roo-muh-neyt)

v. to meditate at length; to muse
v. to chew cud

The monk ruminated over the moral dilemma.

42

Define:

maudlin
(mawd-lin)

adj. overly sentimental

The teacher insisted on taking a maudlin picture with each one of her students every year.

43

Define:

convoke
(kuhn-vohk)

v. to convene or call together

He convoked a meeting of the nation's top CEOs and Vice Presidents.

44

Define:

effluence
(eff-loo-uhns)

n. the act of flowing out
n. something that flows out

An effluence of people from the stadium crowded the streets.

45

Define:

eschew
(ess-choo)

v. to shun or avoid

Most vegetarians eschew fur coats as well as consuming meats.

46

Define:

ambulatory
(am-byuh-luh-tawr-ee)

adj. of walking, adapted for walking

The ambulatory excursion drew few people because of the poor weather.

47

Define:

rigmarole
(rig-muh-rohl)

n. an extremely tedious and complicated process

The rigmarole I am subjected to every time I visit the DMV would be funny were it not so depressing.

48

Define:

forswear
(fuhr-swair)

v. to renounce, disavow, repudiate

The young nation forswore entangling alliances.

49

Define:

gastronomy
(gahss-trawn-uh-mee)

n. the science of good eating or cooking
n. cooking particular to a region

Jim was studying Japanese gastronomy along with his mandatory classes.

50

Define:

jibe
(jahyb)

v. to be in accord; to agree; to suddenly shift from one side to another

His story jibed with mine.

51

Define:

stentorian
(sten-tawr-ee-uhn)

adj. extremely loud and powerful

Even without a microphone, the principal's stentorian voice filled the auditorium and commanded everyone's attention.

52

Define:

lachrymose
(lak-rih-mowss)

adj. sad, tearful

The opera's lachrymose final scene has tested the dramatic range of generations of sopranos.

53

Define:

abrogate
(ab-ruh-geyt)

v. to abolish or annul by authority

The court ruling abrogated his rights to any profits.

54

Define:

bemuse
(bih-myooz)

v. to puzzle or confuse

The bemused expression on his face was priceless.

55

Define:

expurgate
(ek-spurr-gehyt)

v. to censor, esp. obscenity

The expurgated version of the album had a more family-friendly rating.

56

Define:

tumid
(too-mid)

adj. swollen

The river banks were tumid from the spring rain.

57

Define:

natty
(nah-tee)

adj. trim, neat, or tidy

She was a natty dresser, with never a seam out of place.

58

Define:

sentinel
(sehn-tih-null)

n. one who keeps guard
v. to watch over

The sentinel at the city gates watched over the city.

59

Define:

winsome
(win-suhm)

adj. charming, happy, engaging

Mei's winsome smile won her many friends.

60

Define:

reconnoiter
(ree-kuh-noy-ter)

v. to engage in reconnaissance, to make a preliminary inspection of

We sent him to reconnoiter the party before we arrived, in case it turned out to be a dud.

61

Define:

malfeasance
(mal-fee-zuhnss)

n. misconduct or wrongdoing (esp. by a public official)

Joel was studying malfeasance in the Panamanian government.

62

Define:

halcyon
(hal-see-uhn)

adj. calm and peaceful, prosperous

The halcyon days of summer are here again.

63

Define:

plenipotentiary
(plen-ih-poh-ten-shee-air-ee)

adj. representing a country or other body with complete authority to act as its proxy

The ambassador is plenipotentiary; he does not need to consult with his home country to sign accords on its behalf.

64

Define:

filch
(filch)

v. to steal, esp. something unimportant

The girl was caught filching chalk from all the classrooms but would not say why she had done it.

65

Define:

fastness
(fast-niss)

n. a safe, fortified place

The guerrillas retreated to their mountain fastness in order to regroup and consolidate their battered forces.

66

Define:

bellwether
(bell-weth-ur)

n. an indicator, esp. one that predicts future outcomes

The Midwest is considered a bellwether for the political tide of the nation, since trends often become apparent there sooner than in other states.

67

Define:

camarilla
(kam-uh-rill-uh)

n. a group of counselors to a leader, esp. ones who plot or connive

The dictator was obsessed with the possibility of foreign attack, but it was his own disgruntled camarilla of aides who did him in in the end.

68

Define:

interregnum
(in-tur-reg-num)

n. the interval of time between the reign of a ruler and that of his successor; the time between two leaders' tenures

The interregnum that followed the king's deposition ended only when one of the warlords grew strong enough to control the entire nation.

69

Define:

malinger
(muh-ling-gur)

v. to pretend to be sick

Souheila was known to malinger on test days, so her father insisted on taking her temperature before he would let her stay home from school.

70

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to meditate at length; to muse
v. to chew cud

ruminate
(roo-muh-neyt)

synonyms: think, ponder; chew, gnaw

71

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. overly sentimental

maudlin
(mawd-lin)

synonyms: overemotional, gushing, mushy

72

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to convene or call together

convoke
(kuhn-vohk)

synonyms: assemble, gather, summon

73

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the act of flowing out
n. something that flows out

effluence
(eff-loo-uhns)

synonyms: outpouring, discharge, gushing

74

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to shun or avoid

eschew
(ess-choo)

synonyms: abandon, abstain

75

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. of walking, adapted for walking

ambulatory
(am-byuh-luh-tawr-ee)

synonyms: roaming, afoot, vagrant

76

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an extremely tedious and complicated process

rigmarole
(rig-muh-rohl)

synonyms: red tape, tedium

77

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to renounce, disavow, repudiate

forswear
(fuhr-swair)

synonyms: abandon, deny, reject

78

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the science of good eating or cooking
n. cooking particular to a region

gastronomy
(gahss-strawn-uh-mee)

synonyms: cooking, culinary science

79

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to be in accord; to agree; to suddenly shift from one side to another

jibe
(jahyb)

synonyms: agree, correspond

80

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. extremely loud and powerful

stentorian
(sten-tawr-ee-uhn)

synonyms: blaring, booming

81

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. sad, tearful

lachrymose
(lak-rih-mowss)

synonyms: tearful, weepy, mournful

82

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to abolish or annul by authority

abrogate
(ab-ruh-geyt)

synonyms: cancel, dissolve, negate

83

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to puzzle or confuse

bemuse
(bih-myooz)

synonyms: addle, bewilder, perplex

84

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to censor, esp. obscenity

expurgate
(ek-spurr-gehyt)

synonyms: clean up, screen, whitewash

85

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. swollen

tumid
(too-mid)

synonyms: bloated, enlarged

86

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. trim, neat, or tidy

natty
(nah-tee)

synonyms: classy, clean

87

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. one who keeps guard
v. to watch over

sentinel
(sehn-tih-null)

synonyms: watchman, guard, lookout

88

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. charming, happy, engaging

winsome
(win-suhm)

synonyms: alluring, appealing, pleasing

89

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to engage in reconnaissance, to make a preliminary inspection of

reconnoiter
(ree-kuh-noy-ter)

synonyms: examine, inspect, scout

90

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. misconduct or wrongdoing (esp. by a public official)

malfeasance
(mal-fee-zuhnss)

synonyms: impropriety, delinquency

91

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. calm and peaceful, prosperous

halcyon
(hal-see-uhn)

synonyms: gentle, happy, harmonious

92

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. representing a country or other body with complete authority to act as its proxy

plenipotentiary
(plen-ih-poh-ten-shee-air-ee)

synonyms: authoritative, competent to represent

93

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to steal, esp. something unimportant

filch
(filch)

synonyms: take, pilfer

94

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a safe, fortified place

fastness
(fast-niss)

synonyms: stronghold, bunker

95

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an indicator, esp. one that predicts future outcomes

bellwether
(bell-weth-ur)

synonyms: prognosticator, sign

96

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a group of counselors to a leader, esp. ones who plot or connive

camarilla
(kam-uh-rill-uh)

synonyms: conspiracy, cabal

97

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the interval of time between the reign of a ruler and that of his successor; the time between two leaders' tenures

interregnum
(in-tur-reg-num)

synonyms: hiatus, interruption

98

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to pretend to be sick

malinger
(muh-ling-gur)

synonyms: evade, play hooky