Advanced Vocab Words - Set 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Advanced Vocab Words - Set 3 Deck (200):
1

Define:

burnish
(bur-nish)

v. to polish or make shine
n. a shiny appearance

The store owner's son's only job was to burnish the statues in the window every day.

2

Define:

buttress
(but-riss)

n. a supporting structure
v. to support or encourage

The parents decided to buttress the after-school programs that were in danger of ending by making donations.

3

Define:

equivocate
(i-kwiv-uh-keyt)

v. to make vague, unclear statements

The mayor equivocated when confronted about his use of public funds.

4

Define:

paragon
(par-uh-gon)

n. a model of excellence

The man was a paragon of virtue who had never stolen so much as a loaf of bread in his life.

5

Define:

cacophony
(kuh-kof-uh-nee)

n. unpleasant, discordant sounds

The orchestra's first attempt to play together was a cacophony of jarring notes.

6

Define:

mawkish
(maw-kish)

adj. overly sentimental to a sickening point

The group of graduating seniors was a mawkish sight, crying and taking hundreds of pictures.

7

Define:

cajole
(kuh-djohl)

v. to make someone do something with flattery or promises

Mother cajoled her into driving the other children to school, promising to make her favorite dinner.

8

Define:

dogmatic
(dawg-matt-ik)

adj. rigidly fixed in opinion or expression in an arrogant manner

The dogmatic theorist refused to listen to any other possibilities.

9

Define:

calibrate
(kal-ih-brehyt)

v. to check or balance the scale of a measuring device with a standard scale

The new thermometer needed to be calibrated before it could be used.

10

Define:

perdition
(per-dish-uhn)

n. a state of final spiritual ruin, loss of soul, damnation
n. hell

Poor moral choices led Johnny down the road to perdition.

11

Define:

beseech
(bih-seech)

v. to request urgently

The dying man beseeched his family to visit him.

12

Define:

canny
(can-ee)

adj. careful; shrewd

John was a canny negotiator; no matter how bad his bargaining position, he would always come out on top.

13

Define:

seminal
(sem-uh-nl)

adj. original and influential

The seminal works of the artist developed into a new style of interpretation.

14

Define:

cantankerous
(can-tang-kurr-us)

adj. difficult to handle; ill-tempered

The worst part about working in customer service was having to deal with irate, cantankerous callers.

15

Define:

semantic
(suh-man-tick)

adj. related to the meaning of words

Susan felt that the abortion debate had become too focused on semantic arguments.

16

Define:

serrate
(sare-ate)

adj. having toothed edges ("serrated" is an alternate form of the adj.)

Kate used the serrate edge of the knife to cut through the tough meat.

17

Define:

sever
(sev-er)

v. to cut off

Unfortunately, to prevent the infection from spreading, the doctors had to sever the infected parts of the hand.

18

Define:

sinuous
(sin-you-us)

adj. twisting and winding
adj. not direct

The sinuous path through the mountains was probably the most dangerous route to take.

19

Define:

solicitude
(suh-liss-ih-tood)

n. caring about others' well being

Though she claims not to have any feelings for Julio, she showed a great deal of solicitude when she learned of his illness.

20

Define:

solidarity
(sol-ih-dare-ih-tee)

n. a feeling of camaraderie with others due to shared goals

Several townspeople expressed solidarity with the union members by protesting with them.

21

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to polish or make shine
n. a shiny appearance

burnish
(bur-nish)

synonyms: polish, brighten

22

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a supporting structure
v. to support or encourage

buttress
(but-riss)

synonyms: prop, support; bolster, reinforce

23

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make vague, unclear statements

equivocate
(i-kwiv-uh-keyt)

synonyms: evade, sidestep

24

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a model of excellence

paragon
(par-uh-gon)

synonyms: archetype, ideal

25

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. unpleasant, discordant sounds

cacophony
(kuh-kof-uh-nee)

synonyms: noise, clamor

26

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. overly sentimental to a sickening point

mawkish
(maw-kish)

synonyms: emotional, mushy

27

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make someone do something with flattery or promises

cajole
(kuh-djohl)

synonyms: coax, persuade, wheedle

28

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. rigidly fixed in opinion or expression in an arrogant manner

dogmatic
(dawg-matt-ik)

synonyms: arrogant, bullheaded, authoritarian

29

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to check or balance the scale of a measuring device with a standard scale

calibrate
(kal-ih-brehyt)

synonyms: align, balance, fix

30

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a state of final spiritual ruin, loss of soul, damnation
n. hell

perdition
(per-dish-uhn)

synonyms: hell, damnation, corruption, underworld

31

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to request urgently

beseech
(bih-seech)

synonyms: beg, appeal, plead

32

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. careful; shrewd

canny
(can-ee)

synonyms: acute, cunning

33

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. original and influential

seminal
(sem-uh-nl)

synonyms: landmark, fundamental, fertile

34

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. difficult to handle; ill-tempered

cantankerous
(can-tang-kurr-us)

synonyms: crabby, cranky, aggressive

35

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. related to the meaning of words

semantic
(suh-man-tick)

synonyms: linguistic, verbal

36

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. having toothed edges

serrate
(sare-ate)

synonyms: a toothed edge or blade

37

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to cut off

sever
(sev-er)

synonyms: carve, disconnect, break off

38

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. twisting and winding
adj. not direct

sinuous
(sin-you-us)

synonyms: curved, circuitous, meandering

39

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. caring about others' well being

solicitude
(suh-liss-ih-tood)

synonyms: consideration, watchfulness

40

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a feeling of camaraderie with others due to shared goals

solidarity
(sol-ih-dare-ih-tee)

synonyms: alliance, sympathy

41

Define:

soluble
(sol-yuh-bull)

adj. capable of being dissolved in a liquid
adj. capable of being solved

Certain medicines are soluble in water so they can be taken with ease.

42

Define:

solvent
(sol-vunt)

adj. able to meet financial obligations
n. a substance that can dissolve other substances

To remain solvent, the business was forced to sell its overseas operations.

43

Define:

soporific
(sop-uh-riff-ik)

adj. able to cause sleepiness
n. a substance that causes sleepiness

Bill's new cold medication has soporific side effects that interfere with his ability to drive.

44

Define:

emulate
(em-yuh-lehyt)

v. to try to imitate or exceed another's actions

Nancy wanted to emulate her older sister and so began to study more often.

45

Define:

enamor
(ih-nam-er)

v. to make infatuated; to cause to love

He was so enamored of her that he thought about her every day.

46

Define:

endemic
(in-dem-ik)

adj. originating in, native to, particular to

There are some deadly diseases that are endemic to the tropics.

47

Define:

endow
(in-dow)

v. to give (esp. an inheritance or genetic trait)

Christine's mother endowed her with beautiful green eyes.

48

Define:

dour
(doo-er)

adj. harsh; gloomy, forbidding
adj. stern, humorless

The old headmaster never had anything but a dour expression to offer.

49

Define:

enervate
(in-er-vehyt)

v. to make weaker

The heat enervated the soccer players' strength with each passing minute, and by halftime most were in no condition to continue playing.

50

Define:

insouciant
(in-soo-see-uhnt)

adj. unconcerned, nonchalant, lighthearted

Michael's insouciant attitude towards schoolwork led to poor test grades.

51

Define:

evince
(ih-vins)

v. to clearly prove something, to indicate

Her choice not to enter into an argument with him evinced her maturity.

52

Define:

enfranchise
(in-fran-chahyz)

v. to give rights of citizenship, esp. the right to vote

When women were finally enfranchised, spontaneous celebrations occurred throughout the country.

53

Define:

filigree
(fil-ih-gree)

n. an ornamental work, esp. delicate and lacelike
v. to adorn

The wine glass was filigreed with a delicate pattern of grape vines.

54

Define:

engender
(in-djen-dur)

v. to cause, to lead to

The poor ventilation in the factory engendered health problems amongst the workers.

55

Define:

apocryphal
(uh-pok-ruh-fuhl)

adj. of dubious origin; of doubtful authenticity

I believe all stories of alien abduction are apocryphal.

56

Define:

enmity
(en-mih-tee)

n. strong mutual hatred

Great enmity has existed between the two tribes for centuries, leading to untold bloodshed.

57

Define:

aesthete
(es-theet)

n. one with artistic sensibilities

The aesthete was able to knowledgeably interpret the painting.

58

Define:

estimable
(es-tuh-muh-buhl)

adj. formidable, worthy

The team knew within the first few minutes that they faced an estimable opponent.

59

Define:

revile
(ruh-vahyl)

v. to criticize with harsh or abusive language

Film critics reviled the studio for gutting the director's artistic vision and replacing it with meaningless action sequences.

60

Define:

indefatigable
(in-duh-fat-ih-guh-buhl)

adj. incapable of becoming exhausted; tireless; dogged

The marathon runner was seemingly indefatigable, keeping up his brisk pace while competitors fell behind one after the other.

61

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. capable of being dissolved in a liquid
adj. capable of being solved

soluble
(sol-yuh-bull)

synonyms: dispersable, dissolvable; solvable

62

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. able to meet financial obligations
n. a substance that can dissolve other substances within itself

solvent
(sol-vunt)

synonyms: financially stable, viable; dissolver

63

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. able to cause sleepiness
n. a substance that causes sleepiness

soporific
(sop-uh-rif-ik)

synonyms: anesthetic, narcotic, sedative

64

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to try to imitate or exceed another's actions

emulate
(em-yuh-lehyt)

synonyms: copy, mimic

65

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make infatuated; to cause to love

enamor
(ih-nam-er)

synonyms: fascinate, captivate

66

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. originating in, native to, particular to

endemic
(in-dem-ik)

synonyms: local, regional

67

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to give (esp. an inheritance or genetic trait)

endow
(in-dow)

synonyms: provide, impart

68

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. harsh; gloomy, forbidding
adj. stern, humorless

dour
(doo-er)

synonyms: uninviting, severe

69

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make weaker

enervate
(in-er-vehyt)

synonyms: tire, exhaust

70

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unconcerned, nonchalant, lighthearted

insouciant
(in-soo-see-uhnt)

synonyms: carefree, unworried

71

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to clearly prove something, to indicate

evince
(ih-vins)

synonyms: declare, demonstrate

72

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to give rights of citizenship, esp. the right to vote

enfranchise
(in-fran-chahyz)

synonyms: empower, naturalize

73

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an ornamental work, esp. delicate and lacelike
v. to adorn

filigree
(fil-ih-gree)

synonyms: decoration, ornamentation; decorate

74

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to cause, to lead to

engender
(in-djen-dur)

synonyms: develop, generate, bring about

75

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. of dubious origin; of doubtful authenticity

apocryphal
(uh-pok-ruh-fuhl)

synonyms: fictitious, doubtful

76

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. strong mutual hatred

enmity
(en-mih-tee)

synonyms: animosity, antagonism

77

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. one with artistic sensibilities

aesthete
(es-theet)

synonyms: artist, connoisseur

78

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. formidable, worthy

estimable
(es-tuh-muh-buhl)

synonyms: admirable, honored

79

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to criticize with harsh or abusive language

revile
(ruh-vahyl)

synonyms: scold, criticize, abuse

80

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. incapable of becoming exhausted; tireless; dogged

indefatigable
(in-duh-fat-ih-guh-buhl)

synonyms: untiring, active, persevering

81

Define:

ensemble
(on-som-bul)

n. a whole group formed by separate parts

The band was an ensemble of classical violinists, guitarists, and a jazz pianist.

82

Define:

effervescent
(eff-er-vess-uhnt)

adj. emitting small bubbles
adj. lively, showing high spirits, vivacious

Stacy's effervescent mind captivated everyone she met.

83

Define:

enthrall
(in-thrawl)

v. to captivate
v. to enslave

The singer's voice enthralled the judges, who immediately awarded her first place in the contest.

84

Define:

entreat
(in-treet)

v. to plead

The rejected boy entreated the girl to give him a second chance.

85

Define:

extirpate
(ek-ster-peyt)

v. to destroy, annihilate totally
v. to cut out by the roots

Modern thinkers have proposed to extirpate religion from all political discourse.

86

Define:

enumerate
(ih-new-muh-rate)

v. to list items individually

Shocked by her decision, I asked her to enumerate her reasons for firing him.

87

Define:

internecine
(in-ter-neh-seen)

adj. mutually destructive
adj. characterized by bloodshed and carnage
adj. relating to intra-group struggle

That country's internecine struggle was only put to rest after many innocent people lost their lives.

88

Define:

ephemeral
(uh-fem-er-ul)

adj. lasting only a short while

Our joy at being let out for the weekend was only ephemeral, for we soon realized that we had a lot of studying to do for Monday.

89

Define:

variegated
(vair-ee-uh-gehyt-id)

adj. multicolored
adj. varied

The variegated leaves were a sure sign that autumn had arrived.

90

Define:

venerate
(ven-uh-rehyt)

v. to respect deeply and honor

The children venerated their grandfather and sought not to disappoint him.

91

Define:

veracity
(vur-rass-ih-tee)

n. truthfulness

In order to have her article published, Susan needed to prove the veracity of her claims.

92

Define:

verbiage
(ver-bee-idge)

n. an overabundance of words
n. one's manner of speaking

The elderly speaker's verbiage tended toward the formal.

93

Define:

vestige
(ves-tidge)

n. a small remnant

That abandoned well is a vestige of the manor that once stood here.

94

Define:

vex
(vex)

v. to annoy or bother
v. to confound
v. to talk about extensively

It was when they were allowed to horse around the house that the children vexed her the most.

95

Define:

vigilant
(vidge-ih-lunt)

adj. watchful

Our new dog is very vigilant when it comes to guarding the house.

96

Define:

vigor
(vig-er)

n. energy, vitality
n. strength; forcefulness

After she broke her hip dancing, Kate realized that she had lost the youthful vigor she once had.

97

Define:

virtuoso
(vur-chew-owe-so)

n. a highly-skilled artist

Even at a young age, it was clear that Beethoven was a virtuoso in the making.

98

Define:

viscous
(viss-kuss)

adj. thick and syrup-like

They slathered a viscous glue over the pieces to make sure they would stick.

99

Define:

vituperate
(vahy-too-puh-rehyt)

v. to scold

The old man vituperated the neighborhood boys who were trespassing on his lawn.

100

Define:

vivacious
(vih-vey-shuss)

adj. energetic; full of life

At ninety years old, Melinda was known for being particularly vivacious for her age.

101

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a whole group formed by separate parts

ensemble
(on-som-bull)

synonyms: band, collection, organization

102

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. emitting small bubbles
adj. lively, showing high spirits, vivacious

effervescent
(eff-er-vess-uhnt)

synonyms: airy, foaming; spirited, bubbly

103

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to captivate
v. to enslave

enthrall
(in-thrawl)

synonyms: absorb, enrapture, beckon, beguile

104

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to plead

entreat
(in-treet)

synonyms: beg, request

105

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to destroy, annihilate totally
v. to cut out by the roots

extirpate
(ek-ster-peyt)

synonyms: destroy, annihilate; remove, uproot

106

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to list items individually

enumerate
(ih-new-muh-rate)

synonyms: count, list to review

107

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. mutually destructive
adj. characterized by bloodshed and carnage
adj. relating to intra-group struggle

internecine
(in-ter-neh-seen)

synonyms: civil, fratricidal, deadly, bloody, catastrophic

108

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. lasting a very short time

ephemeral
(uh-fem-er-ul)

synonyms: momentary, passing

109

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. appearing to have different colors
adj. varied

variegated
(vair-ee-uh-gehyt-id)

synonyms: diverse, kaleidoscopic

110

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to respect deeply and honor

venerate
(ven-uh-rehyt)

synonyms: admire, esteem

111

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. truthfulness

veracity
(vur-rass-ih-tee)

synonyms: certainty, truth, fact

112

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an overabundance of words
n. one's manner of speaking

verbiage
(ver-bee-idge)

synonyms: wordiness, verbosity; delivery

113

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a small remnant

vestige
(ves-tidge)

synonyms: remainder, hint

114

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to annoy or bother
v. to confound
v. to talk about extensively

vex
(vex)

synonyms: distress, agitate; confuse

115

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. watchful

vigilant
(vidge-ih-lunt)

synonyms: attentive, aware, on the lookout

116

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. energy, vitality
n. strength; forcefulness

vigor
(vig-er)

synonyms: power, intensity

117

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a highly-skilled artist

virtuoso
(vur-chew-owe-so)

synonyms: ace, artist, professional

118

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. thick and syrup-like

viscous
(viss-kuss)

synonyms: slow-flowing, syrupy

119

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to scold

vituperate
(vahy-too-puh-rehyt)

synonyms: abuse, berate, yell at

120

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. energetic; full of life

vivacious
(vih-vey-shuss)

synonyms: lively, spirited

121

Define:

meticulous
(muh-tick-yuh-luss)

adj. paying great attention to detail

He was a meticulous sculptor, sometimes spending hours perfecting a single fingernail on one of his figures.

122

Define:

mimicry
(mim-ih-kree)

n. a close imitation of something else

Mimicry is common in the animal kingdom, such as when harmless species assume the aspect of poisonous ones to avoid being eaten.

123

Define:

minuet
(min-you-et)

n. a slow, stately, pattern dance in 3/4 time
n. the music to accompany the dance of the same name

A minuet is always danced with three beats per measure.

124

Define:

minute
(my-newt)

adj. tiny
adj. attentive to the smallest details

The chances of such a slow horse actually winning the race are minute.

125

Define:

mirth
(murth)

n. glee; joy

The house was always full of happy laughter and other signs of mirth.

126

Define:

dissipated
(dis-uh-pey-tid)

adj. indulging in excessive devotion to pleasure; debauched, dissolute; wasted, squandered; to cause to disappear, disperse

His life quickly became dissipated and unstructured after he won the lottery.

127

Define:

misanthrope
(miss-un-throwp)

n. hater of humanity

The old man was a notorious misanthrope who loathed even his own children.

128

Define:

invidious
(in-vid-ee-uhs)

adj. offensive, provoking resentment or ill-will

The teacher's invidious practice of playing favorites led to several parent conferences.

129

Define:

misconstrue
(miss-kun-strew)

v. to misunderstand

Eva has a habit of misconstruing compliments, reading amorous designs into the most innocent remarks.

130

Define:

remit
(rih-mit)

v. to transmit payment
v. to refrain from exacting
v. to pardon
v. to desist, postpone or give up

The transaction was completed after the buyer remitted the money.

131

Define:

mitigate
(mit-ih-gate)

v. to make smaller or less problematic

The hurricane's effect was mitigated by the quick response from the national guard.

132

Define:

opprobrium
(uh-proh-bree-uhm)

n. the disgrace felt by someone who has acted in an outrageously shameful manner

Oedipus Rex experienced great opprobrium after learning the true extent of his crimes.

133

Define:

mollify
(mohl-ih-fahy)

v. to decrease the strength of, pacify, placate
v. to make softer, less severe

His rage was mollified by his wife's soothing words.

134

Define:

momentum
(moh-men-tum)

n. strength built up by continued movement or development

The protest gained momentum as it passed through the city and gained new supporters.

135

Define:

prodigious
(pruh-didj-us)

adj. having great power or size
adj. extreme

The building of the new dam is a prodigious project requiring thousands of men and millions of dollars.

136

Define:

asperity
(uh-sper-ih-tee)

n. severity, rigor
n. acrimony, irritability

The asperity of a northern winter can lead to depression.

137

Define:

profligate
(prof-lih-git)

adj. immoral
adj. recklessly extravagant

She criticized her spoiled son for his profligate lifestyle.

138

Define:

profuse
(pruh-fewss)

adj. abundant
adj. freely giving or spending

Horrified by the consequences of her actions, Joyce offered profuse apologies to her friends.

139

Define:

hapless
(hap-liss)

adj. unlucky, unfortunate, luckless

The hapless, accident-prone child managed to break his leg for the third time.

140

Define:

prognostic
(prog-noss-tick)

n. a prediction
adj. indicating future events

Climate scientists presented a chilling prognostic of what will happen to our planet in the near future.

141

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. paying great attention to detail

meticulous
(muh-tick-yuh-luss)

synonyms: perfectionist, painstaking

142

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a close imitation of something else

mimicry
(mim-ih-kree)

synonyms: mime, imitation

143

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a slow, stately, pattern dance in 3/4 time
n. the music to accompany the dance of the same name

minuet
(min-you-et)

synonyms: dance, waltz; music, piece

144

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. tiny
adj. attentive to the smallest details

minute
(my-newt)

synonyms: very small, miniature; exact, precise

145

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. glee; joy

mirth
(murth)

synonyms: cheer, amusement

146

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. devoted to the pursuit of pleasure; hedonistic

dissipated
(dis-uh-pey-tid)

synonyms: self-indulgent, spoiled, debauched

147

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. hater of humanity

misanthrope
(miss-un-throwp)

synonyms: cynic, curmudgeon

148

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. offensive, provoke resentment or ill-will

invidious
(in-vid-ee-uhs)

synonyms: abominable, repugnant

149

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to misunderstand

misconstrue
(miss-kun-strew)

synonyms: distort, mistake, misread

150

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to transmit payment
v. to refrain from exacting
v. to pardon
v. to desist, postpone or give up

remit
(rih-mit)

synonyms: transfer; stop, postpone; alleviate, pardon

151

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make smaller or less problematic

mitigate
(mit-ih-gate)

synonyms: diminish, lighten

152

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the disgrace felt by someone who has acted in an outrageously shameful manner, contempt

opprobrium
(uh-proh-bree-uhm)

synonyms: dishonor, infamy, humiliation

153

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to decrease the strength of
v. to make softer

mollify
(mohl-ih-fahy)

synonyms: disarm, smooth over, soften

154

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. strength built up by continued movement or development

momentum
(moh-men-tum)

synonyms: drive, energy, propulsion

155

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. having great power or size
adj. extreme

prodigious
(pruh-didj-us)

synonyms: massive, colossal, monumental, extraordinary

156

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. severity, rigor
n. acrimony, irritability

asperity
(uh-sper-ih-tee)

synonyms: harshness, bad temper

157

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. immoral
adj. recklessly extravagant

profligate
(prof-lih-git)

synonyms: corrupt, degenerate; immoderate, lavish

158

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. abundant
adj. freely giving or spending

profuse
(pruh-fewss)

synonyms: excessive, extravagant, plentiful

159

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unlucky, unfortunate, luckless

hapless
(hap-liss)

synonyms: luckless, jinxed

160

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a prediction
adj. indicating future events

prognostic
(prog-noss-tick)

synonyms: omen, foreboding, warning, prophecy

161

Define:

proliferate
(pruh-lif-er-ehyt)

v. to grow and spread quickly

Tensions in the area proliferated after the civilian casualties.

162

Define:

puissant
(pyoo-uh-suhnt)

adj. powerful, mighty

A puissant leader can secure the success of an entire team.

163

Define:

prone
(prone)

adj. lying face or front downward
adj. tending to behave or act a certain way

Lucy was prone to cheat on tests, so the teachers placed her in a separate room.

164

Define:

propitiate
(proh-pish-ee-ehyt)

v. to appease

The custom was to propitiate the angry gods with a sacrifice.

165

Define:

ineffable
(in-eff-uh-buhl)

adj. incapable of being described in words

After a long day you can find ineffable pleasure in a hot bath.

166

Define:

propitious
(pruh-pish-us)

adj. favorable

The rainy weather was not propitious for the picnic they had planned.

167

Define:

propound
(pruh-pound)

v. to propose or offer for consideration

To make her point about the dangers of sunburns, Kate propounded various theories about skin cancer and its links to ultraviolet radiation.

168

Define:

propriety
(pruh-pry-ih-tee)

n. proper behavior

A model housewife, Mary valued propriety and manners over everything else.

169

Define:

precipitate
(prih-sip-ih-teyt)

adj. acting with haste or on impulse
v. to cause or hasten an event

The officer took precipitate action and wound up making the situation even worse.

170

Define:

prosaic
(pro-zay-ik)

adj. common; unimaginative

Kate's realistic paintings of household objects were criticized as being too prosaic.

171

Define:

prudent
(proo-dent)

adj. practical; careful

His assistant was particularly prudent when it came to keeping the company's secrets.

172

Define:

advert
(ad-vurt)

v. to call or direct attention towards

As soon as Jim saw the unsafe guardrail, he adverted everyone to the problem.

173

Define:

excoriate
(ik-skawr-ee-eyt)

v. to condemn scathingly

After the student's repetitive acts of bullying, the principal excoriated him.

174

Define:

insipid
(in-sip-id)

adj. bland, trite

The film's insipid plot, like that of hundreds of others, centered on American agents thwarting a Russian spy ring.

175

Define:

sublimate
(suhb-luh-meyt)

v. to change state of matter between solid and gaseous form without passing through a liquid stage
v. to modify the expression of an instinctual impulse in a socially acceptable manner

Dry ice sublimates directly from its solid ice form to the gas you see rising off of it.

176

Define:

expatiate
(ik-spey-shee-eyt)

v. to discuss or write about at great length

Margie expatiated about her misfortunes until early in the morning.

177

Define:

precipitous
(prih-sip-ih-tuhs)

adj. dangerously high or steep
adj. done hastily and without care

The economy suffered a precipitous decline in exports.

178

Define:

necromancy
(nek-ruh-man-see)

n. the practice of communicating with the spirits of the dead
n. black magic, black arts, or sorcery

Aunt Pam claimed that necromancy was a way you could speak to your ancestors.

179

Define:

truculent
(truhk-yuh-luhnt)

adj. cruel, ferocious, savage, brutal

The truculent dictator did not care about the well-being of his people.

180

Define:

depravity
(dih-prav-ih-tee)

n. moral corruption or degradation

The various depravities of modern society include an unhealthy obsession with the lives and deaths of celebrities.

181

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to grow and spread quickly

proliferate
(pruh-lif-er-ehyt)

synonyms: expand, develop

182

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. powerful, mighty

puissant
(pyoo-uh-suhnt)

synonyms: strong, formidable

183

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. lying face or front downward
adj. tending to behave or act a certain way

prone
(prone)

synonyms: face down, flat, horizontal; likely, susceptible

184

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to appease

propitiate
(proh-pish-ee-ehyt)

synonyms: assuage, satisfy

185

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. incapable of being described in words

ineffable
(in-eff-uh-buhl)

synonyms: beyond words, indescribable

186

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. favorable

propitious
(pruh-pish-us)

synonyms: good, beneficial

187

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to propose or offer for consideration

propound
(pruh-pound)

synonyms: counsel, advise, set forth

188

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. proper behavior

propriety
(pruh-pry-ih-tee)

synonyms: correctness, accordance, courtesy

189

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. acting with haste or on impulse
v. to cause or hasten an event

precipitate
(prih-sip-ih-teyt)

synonyms: expedite, advance

190

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. common; unimaginative

prosaic
(pro-zay-ik)

synonyms: everyday, drab, dull

191

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. practical; careful

prudent
(proo-dent)

synonyms: canny, sagacious

192

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to call or direct attention towards

advert
(ad-vurt)

synonyms: observe, attend, point to

193

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to condemn scathingly

excoriate
(ik-skawr-ee-eyt)

synonyms: berate, scathe, chastise

194

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. bland, trite

insipid
(in-sip-id)

synonyms: dull, uninteresting

195

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to change state of matter between solid and gaseous form without passing through a liquid stage
v. to modify the expression of an instinctual impulse in a socially acceptable manner

sublimate
(suhb-luh-meyt)

synonyms: refine, transfer, redirect

196

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to discuss or write about at great length

expatiate
(ik-spey-shee-eyt)

synonyms: elaborate, expound

197

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. dangerously high or steep
adj. done hastily and without care

precipitous
(prih-sip-ih-tuhs)

synonyms: steep, arduous, high; impulsive, abrupt

198

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the practice of allegedly communicating with the spirits of the dead
n. black magic, black arts, or sorcery

necromancy
(nek-ruh-man-see)

synonyms: sorcery, occultism

199

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. cruel, ferocious, savage, brutal

truculent
(truhk-yuh-luhnt)

synonyms: abusive, aggressive, hostile

200

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. moral corruption or degradation

depravity
(dih-prav-ih-tee)

synonyms: immorality, criminality