Advanced Vocab Words - Set 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Advanced Vocab Words - Set 3 Deck (200)
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1
Q

Define

burnish

(bur-nish)

A

v. to polish or make shine

n. a shiny appearance

The store owner’s son’s only job was to burnish the statues in the window every day.

2
Q

Define

buttress

(but-riss)

A

n. a supporting structure

v. to support or encourage

The parents decided to buttress the after-school programs that were in danger of ending by making donations.

3
Q

Define

equivocate

(i-kwiv-uh-keyt)

A

v. to make vague, unclear statements

The mayor _equivocate_d when confronted about his use of public funds.

4
Q

Define

paragon

(par-uh-gon)

A

n. a model of excellence

The man was a paragon of virtue who had never stolen so much as a loaf of bread in his life.

5
Q

Define

cacophony

(kuh-kof-uh-nee)

A

n. unpleasant, discordant sounds

The orchestra’s first attempt to play together was a cacophony of jarring notes.

6
Q

Define

mawkish

(maw-kish)

A

adj. overly sentimental to a sickening point

The group of graduating seniors was a mawkish sight, crying and taking hundreds of pictures.

7
Q

Define

cajole

(kuh-djohl)

A

v. to make someone do something with flattery or promises

Mother _cajole_d her into driving the other children to school, promising to make her favorite dinner.

8
Q

Define

dogmatic

(dawg-matt-ik)

A

adj. rigidly fixed in opinion or expression in an arrogant manner

The dogmatic theorist refused to listen to any other possibilities.

9
Q

Define

calibrate

(kal-ih-brehyt)

A

v. to check or balance the scale of a measuring device with a standard scale

The new thermometer needed to be _calibrate_d before it could be used.

10
Q

Define

perdition

(per-dish-uhn)

A

n. a state of final spiritual ruin, loss of soul, damnation

n. hell

Poor moral choices led Johnny down the road to perdition.

11
Q

Define

beseech

(bih-seech)

A

v. to request urgently

The dying man _beseech_ed his family to visit him.

12
Q

Define

canny

(can-ee)

A

adj. careful; shrewd

John was a canny negotiator; no matter how bad his bargaining position, he would always come out on top.

13
Q

Define

seminal

(sem-uh-nl)

A

adj. original and influential

The seminal works of the artist developed into a new style of interpretation.

14
Q

Define

cantankerous

(can-tang-kurr-us)

A

adj. difficult to handle; ill-tempered

The worst part about working in customer service was having to deal with irate, cantankerous callers.

15
Q

Define

semantic

(suh-man-tick)

A

adj. related to the meaning of words

Susan felt that the abortion debate had become too focused on semantic arguments.

16
Q

Define

serrate

(sare-ate)

A

adj. having toothed edges (“serrated” is an alternate form of the adj.)

Kate used the serrate edge of the knife to cut through the tough meat.

17
Q

Define

sever

(sev-er)

A

v. to cut off

Unfortunately, to prevent the infection from spreading, the doctors had to sever the infected parts of the hand.

18
Q

Define

sinuous

(sin-you-us)

A

adj. twisting and winding

adj. not direct

The sinuous path through the mountains was probably the most dangerous route to take.

19
Q

Define

solicitude

(suh-liss-ih-tood)

A

n. caring about others’ well being

Though she claims not to have any feelings for Julio, she showed a great deal of solicitude when she learned of his illness.

20
Q

Define

solidarity

(sol-ih-dare-ih-tee)

A

n. a feeling of camaraderie with others due to shared goals

Several townspeople expressed solidarity with the union members by protesting with them.

21
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to polish or make shine

n. a shiny appearance

A

burnish

(bur-nish)

synonyms: polish, brighten

22
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a supporting structure

v. to support or encourage

A

buttress

(but-riss)

synonyms: prop, support; bolster, reinforce

23
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make vague, unclear statements

A

equivocate

(i-kwiv-uh-keyt)

synonyms: evade, sidestep

24
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a model of excellence

A

paragon

(par-uh-gon)

synonyms: archetype, ideal

25
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. unpleasant, discordant sounds

A

cacophony

(kuh-kof-uh-nee)

synonyms: noise, clamor

26
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. overly sentimental to a sickening point

A

mawkish

(maw-kish)

synonyms: emotional, mushy

27
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make someone do something with flattery or promises

A

cajole

(kuh-djohl)

synonyms: coax, persuade, wheedle

28
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. rigidly fixed in opinion or expression in an arrogant manner

A

dogmatic

(dawg-matt-ik)

synonyms: arrogant, bullheaded, authoritarian

29
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to check or balance the scale of a measuring device with a standard scale

A

calibrate

(kal-ih-brehyt)

synonyms: align, balance, fix

30
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a state of final spiritual ruin, loss of soul, damnation

n. hell

A

perdition

(per-dish-uhn)

synonyms: hell, damnation, corruption, underworld

31
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to request urgently

A

beseech

(bih-seech)

synonyms: beg, appeal, plead

32
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. careful; shrewd

A

canny

(can-ee)

synonyms: acute, cunning

33
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. original and influential

A

seminal

(sem-uh-nl)

synonyms: landmark, fundamental, fertile

34
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. difficult to handle; ill-tempered

A

cantankerous

(can-tang-kurr-us)

synonyms: crabby, cranky, aggressive

35
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. related to the meaning of words

A

semantic

(suh-man-tick)

synonyms: linguistic, verbal

36
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. having toothed edges

A

serrate

(sare-ate)

synonyms: a toothed edge or blade

37
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to cut off

A

sever

(sev-er)

synonyms: carve, disconnect, break off

38
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. twisting and winding

adj. not direct

A

sinuous

(sin-you-us)

synonyms: curved, circuitous, meandering

39
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. caring about others’ well being

A

solicitude

(suh-liss-ih-tood)

synonyms: consideration, watchfulness

40
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a feeling of camaraderie with others due to shared goals

A

solidarity

(sol-ih-dare-ih-tee)

synonyms: alliance, sympathy

41
Q

Define

soluble

(sol-yuh-bull)

A

adj. capable of being dissolved in a liquid

adj. capable of being solved

Certain medicines are soluble in water so they can be taken with ease.

42
Q

Define

solvent

(sol-vunt)

A

adj. able to meet financial obligations

n. a substance that can dissolve other substances

To remain solvent, the business was forced to sell its overseas operations.

43
Q

Define

soporific

(sop-uh-riff-ik)

A

adj. able to cause sleepiness

n. a substance that causes sleepiness

Bill’s new cold medication has soporific side effects that interfere with his ability to drive.

44
Q

Define

emulate

(em-yuh-lehyt)

A

v. to try to imitate or exceed another’s actions

Nancy wanted to emulate her older sister and so began to study more often.

45
Q

Define

enamor

(ih-nam-er)

A

v. to make infatuated; to cause to love

He was so _enamor_ed of her that he thought about her every day.

46
Q

Define

endemic

(in-dem-ik)

A

adj. originating in, native to, particular to

There are some deadly diseases that are endemic to the tropics.

47
Q

Define

endow

(in-dow)

A

v. to give (esp. an inheritance or genetic trait)

Christine’s mother _endow_ed her with beautiful green eyes.

48
Q

Define

dour

(doo-er)

A

adj. harsh; gloomy, forbidding

adj. stern, humorless

The old headmaster never had anything but a dour expression to offer.

49
Q

Define

enervate

(in-er-vehyt)

A

v. to make weaker

The heat _enervate_d the soccer players’ strength with each passing minute, and by halftime most were in no condition to continue playing.

50
Q

Define

insouciant

(in-soo-see-uhnt)

A

adj. unconcerned, nonchalant, lighthearted

Michael’s insouciant attitude towards schoolwork led to poor test grades.

51
Q

Define

evince

(ih-vins)

A

v. to clearly prove something, to indicate

Her choice not to enter into an argument with him _evince_d her maturity.

52
Q

Define

enfranchise

(in-fran-chahyz)

A

v. to give rights of citizenship, esp. the right to vote

When women were finally _enfranchise_d, spontaneous celebrations occurred throughout the country.

53
Q

Define

filigree

(fil-ih-gree)

A

n. an ornamental work, esp. delicate and lacelike

v. to adorn

The wine glass was _filigree_d with a delicate pattern of grape vines.

54
Q

Define

engender

(in-djen-dur)

A

v. to cause, to lead to

The poor ventilation in the factory _engender_ed health problems amongst the workers.

55
Q

Define

apocryphal

(uh-pok-ruh-fuhl)

A

adj. of dubious origin; of doubtful authenticity

I believe all stories of alien abduction are apocryphal.

56
Q

Define

enmity

(en-mih-tee)

A

n. strong mutual hatred

Great enmity has existed between the two tribes for centuries, leading to untold bloodshed.

57
Q

Define

aesthete

(es-theet)

A

n. one with artistic sensibilities

The aesthete was able to knowledgeably interpret the painting.

58
Q

Define

estimable

(es-tuh-muh-buhl)

A

adj. formidable, worthy

The team knew within the first few minutes that they faced an estimable opponent.

59
Q

Define

revile

(ruh-vahyl)

A

v. to criticize with harsh or abusive language

Film critics _revile_d the studio for gutting the director’s artistic vision and replacing it with meaningless action sequences.

60
Q

Define

indefatigable

(in-duh-fat-ih-guh-buhl)

A

adj. incapable of becoming exhausted; tireless; dogged

The marathon runner was seemingly indefatigable, keeping up his brisk pace while competitors fell behind one after the other.

61
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. capable of being dissolved in a liquid

adj. capable of being solved

A

soluble

(sol-yuh-bull)

synonyms: dispersable, dissolvable; solvable

62
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. able to meet financial obligations

n. a substance that can dissolve other substances within itself

A

solvent

(sol-vunt)

synonyms: financially stable, viable; dissolver

63
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. able to cause sleepiness

n. a substance that causes sleepiness

A

soporific

(sop-uh-rif-ik)

synonyms: anesthetic, narcotic, sedative

64
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to try to imitate or exceed another’s actions

A

emulate

(em-yuh-lehyt)

synonyms: copy, mimic

65
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make infatuated; to cause to love

A

enamor

(ih-nam-er)

synonyms: fascinate, captivate

66
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. originating in, native to, particular to

A

endemic

(in-dem-ik)

synonyms: local, regional

67
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to give (esp. an inheritance or genetic trait)

A

endow

(in-dow)

synonyms: provide, impart

68
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. harsh; gloomy, forbidding

adj. stern, humorless

A

dour

(doo-er)

synonyms: uninviting, severe

69
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make weaker

A

enervate

(in-er-vehyt)

synonyms: tire, exhaust

70
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unconcerned, nonchalant, lighthearted

A

insouciant

(in-soo-see-uhnt)

synonyms: carefree, unworried

71
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to clearly prove something, to indicate

A

evince

(ih-vins)

synonyms: declare, demonstrate

72
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to give rights of citizenship, esp. the right to vote

A

enfranchise

(in-fran-chahyz)

synonyms: empower, naturalize

73
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an ornamental work, esp. delicate and lacelike

v. to adorn

A

filigree

(fil-ih-gree)

synonyms: decoration, ornamentation; decorate

74
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to cause, to lead to

A

engender

(in-djen-dur)

synonyms: develop, generate, bring about

75
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. of dubious origin; of doubtful authenticity

A

apocryphal

(uh-pok-ruh-fuhl)

synonyms: fictitious, doubtful

76
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. strong mutual hatred

A

enmity

(en-mih-tee)

synonyms: animosity, antagonism

77
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. one with artistic sensibilities

A

aesthete

(es-theet)

synonyms: artist, connoisseur

78
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. formidable, worthy

A

estimable

(es-tuh-muh-buhl)

synonyms: admirable, honored

79
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to criticize with harsh or abusive language

A

revile

(ruh-vahyl)

synonyms: scold, criticize, abuse

80
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. incapable of becoming exhausted; tireless; dogged

A

indefatigable

(in-duh-fat-ih-guh-buhl)

synonyms: untiring, active, persevering

81
Q

Define

ensemble

(on-som-bul)

A

n. a whole group formed by separate parts

The band was an ensemble of classical violinists, guitarists, and a jazz pianist.

82
Q

Define

effervescent

(eff-er-vess-uhnt)

A

adj. emitting small bubbles

adj. lively, showing high spirits, vivacious

Stacy’s effervescent mind captivated everyone she met.

83
Q

Define

enthrall

(in-thrawl)

A

v. to captivate

v. to enslave

The singer’s voice _enthrall_ed the judges, who immediately awarded her first place in the contest.

84
Q

Define

entreat

(in-treet)

A

v. to plead

The rejected boy _entreat_ed the girl to give him a second chance.

85
Q

Define

extirpate

(ek-ster-peyt)

A

v. to destroy, annihilate totally

v. to cut out by the roots

Modern thinkers have proposed to extirpate religion from all political discourse.

86
Q

Define

enumerate

(ih-new-muh-rate)

A

v. to list items individually

Shocked by her decision, I asked her to enumerate her reasons for firing him.

87
Q

Define

internecine

(in-ter-neh-seen)

A

adj. mutually destructive

adj. characterized by bloodshed and carnage

adj. relating to intra-group struggle

That country’s internecine struggle was only put to rest after many innocent people lost their lives.

88
Q

Define

ephemeral

(uh-fem-er-ul)

A

adj. lasting only a short while

Our joy at being let out for the weekend was only ephemeral, for we soon realized that we had a lot of studying to do for Monday.

89
Q

Define

variegated

(vair-ee-uh-gehyt-id)

A

adj. multicolored

adj. varied

The variegated leaves were a sure sign that autumn had arrived.

90
Q

Define

venerate

(ven-uh-rehyt)

A

v. to respect deeply and honor

The children _venerate_d their grandfather and sought not to disappoint him.

91
Q

Define

veracity

(vur-rass-ih-tee)

A

n. truthfulness

In order to have her article published, Susan needed to prove the veracity of her claims.

92
Q

Define

verbiage

(ver-bee-idge)

A

n. an overabundance of words

n. one’s manner of speaking

The elderly speaker’s verbiage tended toward the formal.

93
Q

Define

vestige

(ves-tidge)

A

n. a small remnant

That abandoned well is a vestige of the manor that once stood here.

94
Q

Define

vex

(vex)

A

v. to annoy or bother

v. to confound

v. to talk about extensively

It was when they were allowed to horse around the house that the children _vex_ed her the most.

95
Q

Define

vigilant

(vidge-ih-lunt)

A

adj. watchful

Our new dog is very vigilant when it comes to guarding the house.

96
Q

Define

vigor

(vig-er)

A

n. energy, vitality

n. strength; forcefulness

After she broke her hip dancing, Kate realized that she had lost the youthful vigor she once had.

97
Q

Define

virtuoso

(vur-chew-owe-so)

A

n. a highly-skilled artist

Even at a young age, it was clear that Beethoven was a virtuoso in the making.

98
Q

Define

viscous

(viss-kuss)

A

adj. thick and syrup-like

They slathered a viscous glue over the pieces to make sure they would stick.

99
Q

Define

vituperate

(vahy-too-puh-rehyt)

A

v. to scold

The old man _vituperate_d the neighborhood boys who were trespassing on his lawn.

100
Q

Define

vivacious

(vih-vey-shuss)

A

adj. energetic; full of life

At ninety years old, Melinda was known for being particularly vivacious for her age.

101
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a whole group formed by separate parts

A

ensemble

(on-som-bull)

synonyms: band, collection, organization

102
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. emitting small bubbles

adj. lively, showing high spirits, vivacious

A

effervescent

(eff-er-vess-uhnt)

synonyms: airy, foaming; spirited, bubbly

103
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to captivate

v. to enslave

A

enthrall

(in-thrawl)

synonyms: absorb, enrapture, beckon, beguile

104
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to plead

A

entreat

(in-treet)

synonyms: beg, request

105
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to destroy, annihilate totally

v. to cut out by the roots

A

extirpate

(ek-ster-peyt)

synonyms: destroy, annihilate; remove, uproot

106
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to list items individually

A

enumerate

(ih-new-muh-rate)

synonyms: count, list to review

107
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. mutually destructive

adj. characterized by bloodshed and carnage

adj. relating to intra-group struggle

A

internecine

(in-ter-neh-seen)

synonyms: civil, fratricidal, deadly, bloody, catastrophic

108
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. lasting a very short time

A

ephemeral

(uh-fem-er-ul)

synonyms: momentary, passing

109
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. appearing to have different colors

adj. varied

A

variegated

(vair-ee-uh-gehyt-id)

synonyms: diverse, kaleidoscopic

110
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to respect deeply and honor

A

venerate

(ven-uh-rehyt)

synonyms: admire, esteem

111
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. truthfulness

A

veracity

(vur-rass-ih-tee)

synonyms: certainty, truth, fact

112
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an overabundance of words

n. one’s manner of speaking

A

verbiage

(ver-bee-idge)

synonyms: wordiness, verbosity; delivery

113
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a small remnant

A

vestige

(ves-tidge)

synonyms: remainder, hint

114
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to annoy or bother

v. to confound

v. to talk about extensively

A

vex

(vex)

synonyms: distress, agitate; confuse

115
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. watchful

A

vigilant

(vidge-ih-lunt)

synonyms: attentive, aware, on the lookout

116
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. energy, vitality

n. strength; forcefulness

A

vigor

(vig-er)

synonyms: power, intensity

117
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a highly-skilled artist

A

virtuoso

(vur-chew-owe-so)

synonyms: ace, artist, professional

118
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. thick and syrup-like

A

viscous

(viss-kuss)

synonyms: slow-flowing, syrupy

119
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to scold

A

vituperate

(vahy-too-puh-rehyt)

synonyms: abuse, berate, yell at

120
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. energetic; full of life

A

vivacious

(vih-vey-shuss)

synonyms: lively, spirited

121
Q

Define

meticulous

(muh-tick-yuh-luss)

A

adj. paying great attention to detail

He was a meticulous sculptor, sometimes spending hours perfecting a single fingernail on one of his figures.

122
Q

Define

mimicry

(mim-ih-kree)

A

n. a close imitation of something else

Mimicry is common in the animal kingdom, such as when harmless species assume the aspect of poisonous ones to avoid being eaten.

123
Q

Define

minuet

(min-you-et)

A

n. a slow, stately, pattern dance in 3/4 time

n. the music to accompany the dance of the same name

A minuet is always danced with three beats per measure.

124
Q

Define

minute

(my-newt)

A

adj. tiny

adj. attentive to the smallest details

The chances of such a slow horse actually winning the race are minute.

125
Q

Define

mirth

(murth)

A

n. glee; joy

The house was always full of happy laughter and other signs of mirth.

126
Q

Define

dissipated

(dis-uh-pey-tid)

A

adj. indulging in excessive devotion to pleasure; debauched, dissolute; wasted, squandered; to cause to disappear, disperse

His life quickly became dissipated and unstructured after he won the lottery.

127
Q

Define

misanthrope

(miss-un-throwp)

A

n. hater of humanity

The old man was a notorious misanthrope who loathed even his own children.

128
Q

Define

invidious

(in-vid-ee-uhs)

A

adj. offensive, provoking resentment or ill-will

The teacher’s invidious practice of playing favorites led to several parent conferences.

129
Q

Define

misconstrue

(miss-kun-strew)

A

v. to misunderstand

Eva has a habit of _misconstru_ing compliments, reading amorous designs into the most innocent remarks.

130
Q

Define

remit

(rih-mit)

A

v. to transmit payment

v. to refrain from exacting

v. to pardon

v. to desist, postpone or give up

The transaction was completed after the buyer _remit_ted the money.

131
Q

Define

mitigate

(mit-ih-gate)

A

v. to make smaller or less problematic

The hurricane’s effect was _mitigate_d by the quick response from the national guard.

132
Q

Define

opprobrium

(uh-proh-bree-uhm)

A

n. the disgrace felt by someone who has acted in an outrageously shameful manner

Oedipus Rex experienced great opprobrium after learning the true extent of his crimes.

133
Q

Define

mollify

(mohl-ih-fahy)

A

v. to decrease the strength of, pacify, placate

v. to make softer, less severe

His rage was _molli_fied by his wife’s soothing words.

134
Q

Define

momentum

(moh-men-tum)

A

n. strength built up by continued movement or development

The protest gained momentum as it passed through the city and gained new supporters.

135
Q

Define

prodigious

(pruh-didj-us)

A

adj. having great power or size

adj. extreme

The building of the new dam is a prodigious project requiring thousands of men and millions of dollars.

136
Q

Define

asperity

(uh-sper-ih-tee)

A

n. severity, rigor

n. acrimony, irritability

The asperity of a northern winter can lead to depression.

137
Q

Define

profligate

(prof-lih-git)

A

adj. immoral

adj. recklessly extravagant

She criticized her spoiled son for his profligate lifestyle.

138
Q

Define

profuse

(pruh-fewss)

A

adj. abundant

adj. freely giving or spending

Horrified by the consequences of her actions, Joyce offered profuse apologies to her friends.

139
Q

Define

hapless

(hap-liss)

A

adj. unlucky, unfortunate, luckless

The hapless, accident-prone child managed to break his leg for the third time.

140
Q

Define

prognostic

(prog-noss-tick)

A

n. a prediction

adj. indicating future events

Climate scientists presented a chilling prognostic of what will happen to our planet in the near future.

141
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. paying great attention to detail

A

meticulous

(muh-tick-yuh-luss)

synonyms: perfectionist, painstaking

142
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a close imitation of something else

A

mimicry

(mim-ih-kree)

synonyms: mime, imitation

143
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a slow, stately, pattern dance in 3/4 time

n. the music to accompany the dance of the same name

A

minuet

(min-you-et)

synonyms: dance, waltz; music, piece

144
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. tiny

adj. attentive to the smallest details

A

minute

(my-newt)

synonyms: very small, miniature; exact, precise

145
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. glee; joy

A

mirth

(murth)

synonyms: cheer, amusement

146
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. devoted to the pursuit of pleasure; hedonistic

A

dissipated

(dis-uh-pey-tid)

synonyms: self-indulgent, spoiled, debauched

147
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. hater of humanity

A

misanthrope

(miss-un-throwp)

synonyms: cynic, curmudgeon

148
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. offensive, provoke resentment or ill-will

A

invidious

(in-vid-ee-uhs)

synonyms: abominable, repugnant

149
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to misunderstand

A

misconstrue

(miss-kun-strew)

synonyms: distort, mistake, misread

150
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to transmit payment

v. to refrain from exacting

v. to pardon

v. to desist, postpone or give up

A

remit

(rih-mit)

synonyms: transfer; stop, postpone; alleviate, pardon

151
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make smaller or less problematic

A

mitigate

(mit-ih-gate)

synonyms: diminish, lighten

152
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the disgrace felt by someone who has acted in an outrageously shameful manner, contempt

A

opprobrium

(uh-proh-bree-uhm)

synonyms: dishonor, infamy, humiliation

153
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to decrease the strength of

v. to make softer

A

mollify

(mohl-ih-fahy)

synonyms: disarm, smooth over, soften

154
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. strength built up by continued movement or development

A

momentum

(moh-men-tum)

synonyms: drive, energy, propulsion

155
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. having great power or size

adj. extreme

A

prodigious

(pruh-didj-us)

synonyms: massive, colossal, monumental, extraordinary

156
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. severity, rigor

n. acrimony, irritability

A

asperity

(uh-sper-ih-tee)

synonyms: harshness, bad temper

157
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. immoral

adj. recklessly extravagant

A

profligate

(prof-lih-git)

synonyms: corrupt, degenerate; immoderate, lavish

158
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. abundant

adj. freely giving or spending

A

profuse

(pruh-fewss)

synonyms: excessive, extravagant, plentiful

159
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unlucky, unfortunate, luckless

A

hapless

(hap-liss)

synonyms: luckless, jinxed

160
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a prediction

adj. indicating future events

A

prognostic

(prog-noss-tick)

synonyms: omen, foreboding, warning, prophecy

161
Q

Define

proliferate

(pruh-lif-er-ehyt)

A

v. to grow and spread quickly

Tensions in the area _proliferate_d after the civilian casualties.

162
Q

Define

puissant

(pyoo-uh-suhnt)

A

adj. powerful, mighty

A puissant leader can secure the success of an entire team.

163
Q

Define

prone

(prone)

A

adj. lying face or front downward

adj. tending to behave or act a certain way

Lucy was prone to cheat on tests, so the teachers placed her in a separate room.

164
Q

Define

propitiate

(proh-pish-ee-ehyt)

A

v. to appease

The custom was to propitiate the angry gods with a sacrifice.

165
Q

Define

ineffable

(in-eff-uh-buhl)

A

adj. incapable of being described in words

After a long day you can find ineffable pleasure in a hot bath.

166
Q

Define

propitious

(pruh-pish-us)

A

adj. favorable

The rainy weather was not propitious for the picnic they had planned.

167
Q

Define

propound

(pruh-pound)

A

v. to propose or offer for consideration

To make her point about the dangers of sunburns, Kate _propound_ed various theories about skin cancer and its links to ultraviolet radiation.

168
Q

Define

propriety

(pruh-pry-ih-tee)

A

n. proper behavior

A model housewife, Mary valued propriety and manners over everything else.

169
Q

Define

precipitate

(prih-sip-ih-teyt)

A

adj. acting with haste or on impulse

v. to cause or hasten an event

The officer took precipitate action and wound up making the situation even worse.

170
Q

Define

prosaic

(pro-zay-ik)

A

adj. common; unimaginative

Kate’s realistic paintings of household objects were criticized as being too prosaic.

171
Q

Define

prudent

(proo-dent)

A

adj. practical; careful

His assistant was particularly prudent when it came to keeping the company’s secrets.

172
Q

Define

advert

(ad-vurt)

A

v. to call or direct attention towards

As soon as Jim saw the unsafe guardrail, he _advert_ed everyone to the problem.

173
Q

Define

excoriate

(ik-skawr-ee-eyt)

A

v. to condemn scathingly

After the student’s repetitive acts of bullying, the principal _excoriate_d him.

174
Q

Define

insipid

(in-sip-id)

A

adj. bland, trite

The film’s insipid plot, like that of hundreds of others, centered on American agents thwarting a Russian spy ring.

175
Q

Define

sublimate

(suhb-luh-meyt)

A

v. to change state of matter between solid and gaseous form without passing through a liquid stage

v. to modify the expression of an instinctual impulse in a socially acceptable manner

Dry ice _sublimate_s directly from its solid ice form to the gas you see rising off of it.

176
Q

Define

expatiate

(ik-spey-shee-eyt)

A

v. to discuss or write about at great length

Margie _expatiate_d about her misfortunes until early in the morning.

177
Q

Define

precipitous

(prih-sip-ih-tuhs)

A

adj. dangerously high or steep

adj. done hastily and without care

The economy suffered a precipitous decline in exports.

178
Q

Define

necromancy

(nek-ruh-man-see)

A

n. the practice of communicating with the spirits of the dead

n. black magic, black arts, or sorcery

Aunt Pam claimed that necromancy was a way you could speak to your ancestors.

179
Q

Define

truculent

(truhk-yuh-luhnt)

A

adj. cruel, ferocious, savage, brutal

The truculent dictator did not care about the well-being of his people.

180
Q

Define

depravity

(dih-prav-ih-tee)

A

n. moral corruption or degradation

The various _depraviti_es of modern society include an unhealthy obsession with the lives and deaths of celebrities.

181
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to grow and spread quickly

A

proliferate

(pruh-lif-er-ehyt)

synonyms: expand, develop

182
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. powerful, mighty

A

puissant

(pyoo-uh-suhnt)

synonyms: strong, formidable

183
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. lying face or front downward

adj. tending to behave or act a certain way

A

prone

(prone)

synonyms: face down, flat, horizontal; likely, susceptible

184
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to appease

A

propitiate

(proh-pish-ee-ehyt)

synonyms: assuage, satisfy

185
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. incapable of being described in words

A

ineffable

(in-eff-uh-buhl)

synonyms: beyond words, indescribable

186
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. favorable

A

propitious

(pruh-pish-us)

synonyms: good, beneficial

187
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to propose or offer for consideration

A

propound

(pruh-pound)

synonyms: counsel, advise, set forth

188
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. proper behavior

A

propriety

(pruh-pry-ih-tee)

synonyms: correctness, accordance, courtesy

189
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. acting with haste or on impulse

v. to cause or hasten an event

A

precipitate

(prih-sip-ih-teyt)

synonyms: expedite, advance

190
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. common; unimaginative

A

prosaic

(pro-zay-ik)

synonyms: everyday, drab, dull

191
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. practical; careful

A

prudent

(proo-dent)

synonyms: canny, sagacious

192
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to call or direct attention towards

A

advert

(ad-vurt)

synonyms: observe, attend, point to

193
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to condemn scathingly

A

excoriate

(ik-skawr-ee-eyt)

synonyms: berate, scathe, chastise

194
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. bland, trite

A

insipid

(in-sip-id)

synonyms: dull, uninteresting

195
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to change state of matter between solid and gaseous form without passing through a liquid stage

v. to modify the expression of an instinctual impulse in a socially acceptable manner

A

sublimate

(suhb-luh-meyt)

synonyms: refine, transfer, redirect

196
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to discuss or write about at great length

A

expatiate

(ik-spey-shee-eyt)

synonyms: elaborate, expound

197
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. dangerously high or steep

adj. done hastily and without care

A

precipitous

(prih-sip-ih-tuhs)

synonyms: steep, arduous, high; impulsive, abrupt

198
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the practice of allegedly communicating with the spirits of the dead

n. black magic, black arts, or sorcery

A

necromancy

(nek-ruh-man-see)

synonyms: sorcery, occultism

199
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. cruel, ferocious, savage, brutal

A

truculent

(truhk-yuh-luhnt)

synonyms: abusive, aggressive, hostile

200
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. moral corruption or degradation

A

depravity

(dih-prav-ih-tee)

synonyms: immorality, criminality