Advanced Vocab Words - Set 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Advanced Vocab Words - Set 8 Deck (200):
1

Define:

nonchalant
(non-shuh-lont)

adj. casually unconcerned

Lauren was nonchalant about being chosen as valedictorian; she simply didn't think it was a big deal.

2

Define:

oscillate
(oss-ih-lehyt)

v. to move or swing from side to side
v. to waver between conflicting positions

Her feelings towards her cynical commanding officer oscillated between admiration and disgust.

3

Define:

ostentatious
(oss-ten-tay-shuss)

adj. intended to impress
adj. characterized by pretension

She loves to show off that ostentatious ring her rich husband got for her.

4

Define:

overwrought
(oh-vur-rawt)

adj. deeply agitated or anxious

Everyone in the family was overwrought with the thought that the children might be in danger .

5

Define:

pacific
(puh-sif-ick)

adj. of a peaceful nature
adj. promoting peace and conflict resolution

The government decided to pursue a pacific policy and call back its troops on the border.

6

Define:

palatable
(pal-ih-tuh-bull)

adj. acceptable to one's taste or mind

Though clearly necessary to balance the budget, unpopular tax increases are not palatable to any political party.

7

Define:

perennial
(puh-ren-ee-ul)

adj. endless
adj. recurring over and over

Not being able to pay rent on time was a perennial problem for him.

8

Define:

perfidy
(per-fih-dee)

n. a betrayal of trust

The soldier was known for his loyalty, so his act of perfidy was particularly shocking to his superior officers.

9

Define:

perfunctory
(per-funk-tuh-ree)

adj. done as a formality, without attention to detail

Her apology was clearly only a perfunctory gesture and not truly heartfelt.

10

Define:

pernicious
(per-nish-us)

adj. harmful; hurtful, especially in a slow or subtle way

The pernicious effects of money in politics are hardly unique to this country.

11

Define:

perspicacity
(per-spih-kass-ih-tee)

n. sharp powers of observation

The writer's perspicacity made it easy for her to understand and write about human nature.

12

Define:

perturb
(purr-turb)

v. to disturb or cause disorder, esp. in one's mental state

Even her sleep was perturbed by her obsession over her credit card debt.

13

Define:

placate
(play-kate)

v. to ease another's anger

Lewis attempted to placate the angry woman whose car had been hit, but she continued screaming and pacing back and forth.

14

Define:

placid
(plass-id)

adj. free from disturbance

There currently reigns a placid atmosphere at City Hall, but don't expect it to last much longer.

15

Define:

pivotal
(piv-uh-tul)

adj. of crucial importance

The audience was enraged when the film reel broke during a pivotal scene in the movie.

16

Define:

pragmatic
(prag-mat-ick)

adj. guided by practical experience and observation

Her pragmatic attitude often put her at odds with her idealistic peers, whom she called unrealistic and naive.

17

Define:

predilection
(pred-ih-leck-shun)

n. preference; a strong liking for

He had a predilection for expensive cars that was hard on his wallet.

18

Define:

preside
(prih-zahyd)

v. to be in a position of authority over a group

The newly-elected president presided over the first meeting of the council in September.

19

Define:

prevaricate
(pruh-vair-ih-kate)

v. to be deliberately ambiguous in order to hide the truth; to lie

The guest chose to prevaricate by answering the host's questions with unrelated anecdotes.

20

Define:

probity
(pro-bih-tee)

n. honesty and decency

The group chose Eduardo to represent them, not only because he was the eldest, but because he had shown the most probity during their discussions.

21

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. casually unconcerned

nonchalant
(non-shuh-lont)

synonyms: easygoing, careless

22

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to move or swing from side to side
v. to waver between conflicting positions

oscillate
(oss-ih-lehyt)

synonyms: dangle, sway; change, alternate

23

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. intended to impress
adj. characterized by pretension

ostentatious
(oss-ten-tay-shuss)

synonyms: showy, flashy, pretentious

24

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. deeply agitated or anxious

overwrought
(oh-vur-rawt)

synonyms: frantic, wound up, nervous

25

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. of a peaceful nature
adj. promoting peace and conflict resolution

pacific
(puh-sif-ick)

synonyms: soothing, peaceful, conciliatory

26

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. acceptable to one's taste or mind

palatable
(pal-ih-tuh-bull)

synonyms: delicious, agreeable, acceptable

27

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. endless
adj. recurring over and over

perennial
(puh-ren-ee-ul)

synonyms: enduring, perpetual, ceaseless

28

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a betrayal of trust

perfidy
(per-fih-dee)

synonyms: treachery, betrayal, corruption

29

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. done as a formality, without attention to detail

perfunctory
(per-funk-tuh-ree)

synonyms: automatic, habitual, careless

30

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. harmful; hurtful

pernicious
(per-nish-us)

synonyms: damaging, devastating

31

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. acute perception

perspicacity
(per-spih-kass-ih-tee)

synonyms: insight, astuteness

32

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to disturb or cause disorder, esp. in one's mental state

perturb
(purr-turb)

synonyms: unsettle, alarm

33

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to ease another's anger

placate
(play-kate)

synonyms: soothe, pacify

34

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. free from disturbance

placid
(plass-id)

synonyms: composed, calm

35

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. of crucial importance

pivotal
(piv-uh-tul)

synonyms: critical, crucial

36

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. guided by practical experience and observation

pragmatic
(prag-mat-ick)

synonyms: businesslike, efficient, practical

37

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. preference; a strong liking for

predilection
(pred-ih-leck-shun)

synonyms: inclination, love, fondness

38

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to be in a position of authority over a group

preside
(prih-zahyd)

synonyms: administer, conduct, direct

39

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to be deliberately ambiguous in order to hide the truth; to lie

prevaricate
(pruh-vair-ih-kate)

synonyms: deceive, garble, misrepresent

40

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. honesty and decency

probity
(pro-bih-tee)

synonyms: goodness, honor

41

Define:

proclivity
(pro-kliv-ih-tee)

n. a natural inclination

Her proclivity for laziness is going to be a problem when we begin the new project.

42

Define:

prodigal
(prod-ih-guhl)

adj. lavishly wasteful
adj. being generous or giving abundantly
n. one who spends recklessly

The woman ended up regretting her prodigal lifestyle when she went bankrupt after a few years.

43

Define:

pugnacious
(pug-nehy-shuss)

adj. combative in nature

The pugnacious young man was eventually suspended for constantly fighting with other students.

44

Define:

quandary
(kwon-duh-ree)

n. a state of uncertainty, a dilemma

After receiving several great offers, I was in a quandary as to which I should accept.

45

Define:

quash
(kwash)

v. to forcibly suppress
v. to extinguish

The prosecution's star witness quashed any chance the defense had of winning the trial.

46

Define:

quibble
(kwib-ul)

v. to evade the truth or importance of an issue by raising trivial objections
n. a trivial objection

The argument grew even more aggravating when my opponent began to quibble with me over semantics.

47

Define:

quiescent
(kwee-ess-unt)

adj. being quiet or still

The outlying region, usually a quiescent outpost of the empire, was the unlikely origin of the rebellion that would unseat the emperor.

48

Define:

rancor
(rang-kur)

n. a feeling of deep and bitter anger

Once the game ended there was no rancor between the opponents, despite the intensity of their match.

49

Define:

recalcitrant
(rih-kal-sih-trunt)

adj. stubborn and defiant of authority

Instead of obeying the police's instructions, the protesters became recalcitrant and refused to move.

50

Define:

recess
(ree-sess)

v. to suspend proceedings
n. a break from class or business
n. an indented or hollowed-out space

The legislative body will recess next week.

51

Define:

redoubtable
(rih-dow-tuh-bull)

adj. fearsome or awe-inspiring

I knew Mauricio would be a redoubtable opponent after hearing my own coach sing his praises.

52

Define:

sagacious
(suh-gehy-shuss)

adj. very insightful or shrewd

My best friend is quite sagacious, so I know I can always turn to her for wise advice.

53

Define:

salubrious
(suh-loo-bree-uss)

adj. healthy or health-promoting

My new exercise routine has had a salubrious impact on my life.

54

Define:

salutary
(sal-yuh-tare-ee)

adj. beneficial, esp. relating to health

Anti-pollution laws have salutary effects for humans and animals.

55

Define:

satiate
(sehy-she-ehyt)

v. to fill to satisfaction

Sasha knew that the small portions served in the cafeteria would not satiate him.

56

Define:

scruple
(skrew-pull)

n. an ethical or moral concern
v. to hesitate on moral grounds

The man scrupled to tell a blatant lie, but eventually realized that he had no choice.

57

Define:

sedentary
(sed-en-tair-ee)

adj. sitting or seated
adj. tending to stay in the same place

Ming wanted to quit his sedentary job at the library and become a police officer.

58

Define:

sediment
(sed-ih-munt)

n. matter deposited by some natural process
n. settled matter at the bottom of a liquid

Kate refused to drink the water from the well when she noticed the sediment at the bottom of the bucket.

59

Define:

sordid
(sore-did)

adj. dirty or rundown
adj. immoral or unethical

During the divorce trial, the husband was asked to reveal the sordid details of his affair.

60

Define:

specious
(spee-shuss)

adj. plausible but false
adj. deceptively pleasing

After doing some research of my own, I realized that his argument was specious at best.

61

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a natural inclination

proclivity
(pro-kliv-ih-tee)

synonyms: tendency, disposition, leaning

62

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. lavishly wasteful
adj. being generous or giving abundantly
adj. one who spends recklessly

prodigal
(prod-ih-guhl)

synonyms: excessive, luxurious, copious

63

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. combative in nature

pugnacious
(pug-nehy-shuss)

synonyms: hostile, belligerent

64

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a state of uncertainty, a dilemma

quandary
(kwon-duh-ree)

synonyms: dilemma, predicament

65

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to forcibly suppress
v. to extinguish

quash
(kwash)

synonyms: defeat, destroy, squash

66

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to evade the truth or importance of an issue by raising trivial objections
n. a trivial objection

quibble
(kwib-ul)

synonyms: split hairs; trifle, detail

67

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. being quiet or still

quiescent
(kwee-ess-unt)

synonyms: inactive, motionless, inert

68

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a feeling of deep and bitter anger

rancor
(rang-kur)

synonyms: antagonism, hatred

69

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. stubborn and defiant of authority

recalcitrant
(rih-kal-sih-trunt)

synonyms: disobedient, resistant, rebellious

70

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to suspend proceedings
n. a break from class or business
n. an indented or hollowed-out space

recess
(ree-sess)

synonyms: halt; breather; nook

71

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. fearsome or awe-inspiring

redoubtable
(rih-dow-tuh-bull)

synonyms: dreadful, admirable, worthy

72

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. very insightful or shrewd

sagacious
(suh-gehy-shuss)

synonyms: smart, acute, sensible

73

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. healthy or health-promoting

salubrious
(suh-loo-bree-uss)

synonyms: beneficial, good, hygienic

74

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. beneficial, esp. relating to health

salutary
(sal-yuh-tare-ee)

synonyms: aiding, restorative

75

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to fill to satisfaction

satiate
(sehy-she-ehyt)

synonyms: satisfy, stuff, gratify

76

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an ethical or moral concern
v. to hesitate on moral grounds

scruple
(skrew-pull)

synonyms: conscience, qualm; to balk at

77

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. sitting or seated
adj. tending to stay in the same place

sedentary
(sed-en-tair-ee)

synonyms: desk-bound, motionless, stationary

78

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. matter deposited by some natural process
n. settled matter at the bottom of a liquid

sediment
(sed-ih-munt)

synonyms: debris, deposit

79

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. dirty or rundown
adj. immoral or unethical

sordid
(sore-did)

synonyms: nasty, vile; corrupt

80

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. plausible but false
adj. deceptively pleasing

specious
(spee-shuss)

synonyms: misleading, deceptive, apparent

81

Define:

sporadic
(spuh-rad-ik)

adj. occurring occasionally and without pattern

Our vacation plans were ruined by sporadic rain that seemed to start every time we headed towards the beach.

82

Define:

spurious
(spure-ee-us)

adj. intending to deceive
adj. not valid or genuine

The tabloid writers made up spurious accusations against the young actor.

83

Define:

squalor
(skwol-er)

n. filth; poverty

The town's poorest inhabitants live in squalor due to their inability to access clean water.

84

Define:

stark
(stark)

adj. complete or extreme
adj. very simple
adj. bare or blunt

The expensive car that he parked outside stood in stark contrast to the impoverished neighborhood surrounding it.

85

Define:

stoic
(stow-ick)

adj. indifferent to pleasure or pain
n. one who is indifferent to pleasure or pain

The defendant remained stoic throughout the trial despite the harshness of the prosecution's questions.

86

Define:

stratum
(strat-um)

n. a horizontal layer of material
n. a level of society composed of people with similar social, cultural, or economic status

Friction between two social strata can often lead to political upheaval.

87

Define:

stria
(strahy-uh)

n. a linear mark, ridge, or groove, esp. one of a number of similar parallel features

We examined the striae on the rocks to see if they were really from the same underground cave.

88

Define:

strident
(strahyd-unt)

adj. unpleasantly loud and harsh

Her strident voice made me dread our weekly phone conversations.

89

Define:

stringent
(strin-djunt)

adj. strictly controlled or enforced

Since accidents on roller coasters can often be fatal, amusement parks must undergo stringent testing before being opened to the public.

90

Define:

stymie
(stahy-mee)

n. a situation that defies progress or resolution
v. to prevent or hinder the progress of something

The guard dogs managed to stymie the thief as he tried to break into the house.

91

Define:

succinct
(suck-singkt)

adj. brief

Since there were only a few minutes left in the meeting, the final speaker had to keep his comments succinct and to the point.

92

Define:

transient
(tran-zee-uhnt)

adj. not permanent
adj. moving from place to place
n. one who moves from place to place

The transient relied on the kindness of strangers whenever he arrived in a new town.

93

Define:

trepidation
(trep-ih-dehy-shun)

n. a feeling of fear or agitation

Janice had to face her trepidation about flying in order to make the trip to California.

94

Define:

turbid
(tur-bid)

adj. clouded due to sediment
adj. confused

I dropped my phone in the lake and couldn't find it in the turbid water.

95

Define:

ubiquitous
(you-bick-wih-tuss)

adj. present everywhere

In her neighborhood, Starbucks shops had become ubiquitous; she couldn't walk two blocks without passing one.

96

Define:

unfeigned
(un-feynd)

adj. sincerely felt or expressed

Although it seemed a ridiculous concern to us, Joyce's preoccupation with her little sister's sprained ankle was unfeigned.

97

Define:

unimpeachable
(un-im-pee-chuh-bull)

adj. beyond doubt or suspicion

To win the case, the defense would need an unimpeachable witness to prove their client's virtuous character.

98

Define:

untenable
(un-ten-ih-bull)

adj. impossible to maintain or defend, as of an opinion

Kate is argumentative enough to support even the most untenable positions.

99

Define:

vacillate
(vass-ih-lehyt)

v. to waver between conflicting positions

Both sides made such convincing arguments that the judge vacillated between them for days before coming to a decision.

100

Define:

vacuous
(vak-yoo-us)

adj. devoid of significance or matter; empty
adj. lacking serious purpose or occupation

I told him pointedly to stop wasting my time with his vacuous comments.

101

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. occurring occasionally and without pattern

sporadic
(spuh-rad-ik)

synonyms: random, scattered, seldom

102

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. intending to deceive
adj. not valid or genuine

spurious
(spure-ee-us)

synonyms: deceitful, false, inaccurate

103

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. filth; poverty

squalor
(skwol-er)

synonyms: dirtiness, destitution

104

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. complete or extreme
adj. very simple
adj. bare or blunt

stark
(stark)

synonyms: absolute, utter; austere; barren

105

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. indifferent to pleasure or pain
n. one who is indifferent to pleasure or pain

stoic
(stow-ick)

synonyms: apathetic, detached

106

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a horizontal layer of material
n. a level of society composed of people with similar social, cultural, or economic status

stratum
(strat-um)

synonyms: layer, gradation

107

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a linear mark, ridge, or groove, esp. one of a number of similar parallel features

stria
(strahy-uh)

synonyms: banding, groove, stripe

108

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unpleasantly loud and harsh

strident
(strahyd-unt)

synonyms: grating, shrill

109

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. strictly controlled or enforced

stringent
(strin-djunt)

synonyms: binding, strict

110

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a situation that defies progress or resolution
v. to prevent or hinder the progress of something

stymie
(stahy-mee)

synonyms: confound, impede

111

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. brief

succinct
(suck-singkt)

synonyms: blunt, compact, brief

112

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. not permanent
adj. moving from place to place
n. one who moves from place to place

transient
(tran-zee-uhnt)

synonyms: passing, fleeting, ephemeral

113

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a feeling of fear or agitation

trepidation
(trep-ih-dehy-shun)

synonyms: anxiety, worry

114

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. clouded due to sediment
adj. confused

turbid
(tur-bid)

synonyms: cloudy, muddled, sedimentary

115

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. present everywhere

ubiquitous
(you-bick-wih-tuss)

synonyms: everywhere, omnipresent

116

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. sincerely felt or expressed

unfeigned
(un-feynd)

synonyms: genuine, heartfelt

117

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. beyond doubt or suspicion

unimpeachable
(un-im-pee-chuh-bull)

synonyms: blameless, spotless, immaculate

118

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. impossible to maintain or defend, as of an opinion

untenable
(un-ten-ih-bull)

synonyms: inexcusable, faulty

119

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to waver between conflicting positions

vacillate
(vass-ih-lehyt)

synonyms: fluctuate, hesitate, to be unsure

120

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. devoid of significance or matter; empty
adj. lacking serious purpose or occupation

vacuous
(vak-yoo-us)

synonyms: lacking, vacant

121

Define:

vociferous
(voe-siff-er-uss)

adj. loud and insistent, esp. to compel attention

The vociferous mob gathered outside the store and awakened its owner.

122

Define:

wanderlust
(wawn-der-lust)

n. the desire to travel

A sudden feeling of wanderlust encouraged me to pack my bags and head to Mexico.

123

Define:

wheedle
(weed-ul)

v. to coax or persuade

Eventually the ice-cream truck driver was wheedled into giving the sullen child a free scoop.

124

Define:

volatile
(voll-ih-tull)

adj. likely to change suddenly
adj. liable to lead to violence
adj. evaporating easily

The situation in the war-torn country soon became too volatile for most reporters and travelers to stay there safely.

125

Define:

zenith
(zee-nith)

n. the highest point or peak
n. the point directly above one's head

Climbing to the zenith of the mountain will be difficult, but it has been a dream of mine since childhood.

126

Define:

abjure
(ab-djoor)

v. to renounce or reject solemnly; to recant or avoid

The monks had to abjure all indulgences.

127

Define:

condign
(kon-dahyn)

adj. deserved, adequate

Though I believe I am compassionate, I will not hesitate to mete out a condign punishment to wrongdoers.

128

Define:

debonair
(deb-uh-nair)

adj. suave, urbane, affable, genial, charming,stylish

The ladies were all drawn to the debonair newcomer.

129

Define:

inveigle
(in-vey-guhl)

v. to obtain by deception or flattery

He inveigled the information from the president's wife.

130

Define:

philistine
(fil-uh-steen)

adj. barbaric; lacking culture
n. an individual guided by commonplace, rather than artistic or intellectual, values

Why, the philistine even declared that he hated the theater!

131

Define:

suffuse
(suh-fyooz)

v. to spread through or over something, as with liquid, color, or light

The sky was suffused with deep colors.

132

Define:

mettlesome
(met-uhl-sum)

adj. courageous, high-spirited

The mettlesome police officer saved the hostage.

133

Define:

compunction
(kuhm-punk-shun)

n. hesitation or unease at committing (or having committed) an act

A hardened criminal usually has no compunction about hurting bystanders in order to evade the police.

134

Define:

contravene
(kon-truh-veen)

v. to violate, or to conflict with a rule or principle

Until recently, Americans could not visit that country without contravening federal law.

135

Define:

limn
(lim)

v. to draw; to describe; to depict

Here, the philosopher limns a basic theory of just governance.

136

Define:

obloquy
(ob-luh-kwee)

n. abusive language; damage to one's reputation; disgrace

The president earned obloquy for his tax hikes.

137

Define:

abate
(uh-behyt)

v. to decrease in intensity

The ferocity of the fighting has started to abate, though the civilian population is still in great danger.

138

Define:

abdicate
(ab-dih-kate)

v. to willingly let go of; to relinquish

The king abdicated the throne rather than expose his nation to a potentially crippling civil war.

139

Define:

aberrant
(ab-buh-runt)

adj. abnormal, deviating from the norm

The aberrant accounting numbers led officials to conclude that a crime had been committed.

140

Define:

abrade
(uh-brehyd)

v. to erode or rub away

The statue's hand was abraded from all of the tourists rubbing it for luck.

141

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. loud and insistent, esp. to compel attention

vociferous
(voe-siff-er-uss)

synonyms: clamorous, noisy, distracting

142

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the desire to travel

wanderlust
(wawn-der-lust)

synonyms: journey, wayfaring, excursion

143

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to coax or persuade

wheedle
(weed-ul)

synonyms: to influence through flattery, to entice

144

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. likely to change suddenly
adj. liable to lead to violence
adj. evaporating easily

volatile
(voll-ih-tull)

synonyms: explosive, changeable, inconsistent; vaporizable

145

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the highest point or peak
n. the point directly above one's head

zenith
(zee-nith)

synonyms: acme, summit, pinnacle

146

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to renounce or reject solemnly; to recant or avoid

abjure
(ab-joor)

synonyms: forswear, abandon

147

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. deserved, adequate

condign
(kon-dahyn)

synonyms: appropriate, proper, fair

148

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. suave, urbane, affable, genial, charming

debonair
(deb-uh-nair)

synonyms: refined, well-bred, sophisticated

149

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to obtain by deception or flattery

inveigle
(in-vey-guhl)

synonyms: manipulate, cajole, ensnare

150

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. barbaric; lacking culture
n. an individual guided by commonplace, rather than artistic or intellectual, values

philistine
(fil-uh-steen)

synonyms: coarse, crass; barbarian, boor

151

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to spread through or over something, as with liquid, color, or light

suffuse
(suh-fyooz)

synonyms: bathe, cover, saturate

152

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. courageous, high-spirited

mettlesome
(met-uhl-sum)

synonyms: plucky, spirited, valiant

153

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. hesitation or unease at committing (or having committed) an act

compunction
(kuhm-punk-shun)

synonyms: regret, sorrow, qualm

154

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to violate, or to conflict with a rule or principle

contravene
(kon-truh-veen)

synonyms: breach, break, defy

155

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to draw; to describe; to depict

limn
(lim)

synonyms: characterize, chart

156

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. abusive language; damage to one's reputation; disgrace

obloquy
(ob-luh-kwee)

synonyms: defamation, slander, disgrace

157

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to decrease in intensity

abate
(uh-behyt)

synonyms: lessen, moderate

158

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to willingly let go of; to relinquish

abdicate
(ab-dih-kate)

synonyms: abandon, leave

159

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. abnormal, deviating from the norm

aberrant
(ab-buh-runt)

synonyms: atypical, bizarre

160

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to erode or rub away

abrade
(uh-brehyd)

synonyms: rub, chafe, wear down

161

Define:

abridge
(uh-bridge)

v. to condense; to shorten

The author threw a fit when his editor suggested that he abridge his novel in order to make it more accessible.

162

Define:

abscond
(ab-skond)

v. to run away secretly and hide

The guilty man absconded during the night and was never heard from again.

163

Define:

abstruse
(ab-strewss)

adj. difficult to comprehend

That film has been praised as a visionary masterpiece, but I found it more abstruse than enlightening.

164

Define:

accolade
(ack-uh-lehyd)

n. recognition for an accomplishment

Cindy received accolades in the media for her breathtaking performance.

165

Define:

acerbic
(uh-sir-bick)

adj. sour or bitter tasting, or of a bitter temperament

My friends' acerbic reaction to bringing my boyfriend to the game led me to believe that they didn't care much for him.

166

Define:

acumen
(ack-cue-men)

n. insightfulness

Kofi was known for his acumen in literary analysis.

167

Define:

adhesion
(ad-hee-zhun)

n. the state of being physically attached
n. the state of belonging to an organization

Adhesion to the regional economic union became a popular cause among the elites of the recession-weary nation.

168

Define:

admonish
(ad-mon-ish)

v. to warn, to gently reprimand

The pilot admonished the passengers to remain seated during take off.

169

Define:

adroit
(ad-royt)

adj. skillful, competent

The boy scout was an adroit survivalist and so managed to cling to life until a rescue team arrived.

170

Define:

adulate
(adge-uh-lehyt)

v. to give excessive praise

Rather than adulate his superiors, Moncef preferred to show his regard by emulating them.

171

Define:

affable
(aff-uh-buhl)

adj. gentle, friendly, or of a kind nature

Stacy was an affable acquaintance to many but a real friend to few.

172

Define:

affluent
(aff-loo-uhnt)

adj. wealthy

Membership in the private club was only open to affluent members of society.

173

Define:

aggrandize
(uh-gran-dahyz)

v. to exaggerate; to increase the scope of or to make greater

Luke had aggrandized his credentials so much that he was fired on the spot when it was discovered that he was just a novice.

174

Define:

affront
(uh-front)

n. an offensive act or statement
v. to insult openly

Lucia's ingratitude was an affront to all of us who had supported her.

175

Define:

agrarian
(uh-grair-ee-uhn)

adj. pertaining to farming or land matters

The farmer switched from his habitual agrarian routine to that of a high-powered business CEO in just a few years.

176

Define:

alacrity
(uh-lack-ruh-tee)

n. enthusiasm; speed

Children approach their homework with more alacrity if they know that a reward awaits them when they finish.

177

Define:

vug
(vuhg)

n. a small cavity in a rock

She hid her trinkets in the vug for safekeeping.

178

Define:

petrous
(pet-ruhss)

adj. rock-hard; stony

The skull of the fetus has not yet become petrous; in fact, it is still translucent to x-rays at this stage.

179

Define:

tautology
(tawt-aw-luh-djee)

n. a statement that is trivially true; unnecessary repetition

It is no help to anybody when you spout tautologies like "Whatever will be will be".

180

Define:

gambol
(gam-buhl)

v. to skip playfully, to frolic

The youngsters went gamboling through the fields.

181

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to condense; to shorten

abridge
(uh-bridge)

synonyms: reduce, refine, abbreviate

182

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to run away secretly and hide

abscond
(ab-skond)

synonyms: depart, escape, flee

183

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. difficult to comprehend

abstruse
(ab-strewss)

synonyms: abstract, enigmatic, incomprehensible

184

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. recognition for an accomplishment

accolade
(ack-uh-leyhd)

synonyms: acclaim, kudos

185

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. sour or bitter tasting or with bitter temperament

acerbic
(uh-sir-bick)

synonyms: acrid, caustic

186

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. insightfulness

acumen
(ack-cue-men)

synonyms: acuteness, intelligence

187

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the state of being physically attached
n. the state of belonging to an organization

adhesion
(ad-hee-zhun)

synonyms: adherence, membership

188

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to warn, to gently reprimand

admonish
(ad-mon-ish)

synonyms: check, counsel, scold, notice

189

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. skillful, competent

adroit
(ad-royt)

synonyms: adept, apt, expert

190

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to give excessive praise

adulate
(adge-uh-lehyt)

synonyms: fawn, acclaim, laud

191

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. gentle, friendly, or of a kind nature

affable
(aff-uh-buhl)

synonyms: cordial, pleasant, friendly

192

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. wealthy

affluent
(aff-loo-uhnt)

synonyms: rich, prosperous

193

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to exaggerate; to increase the scope of

aggrandize
(uh-gran-dahyz)

synonyms: enlarge, glorify, augment

194

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an offensive act or statement
v. to insult openly

affront
(uh-front)

synonyms: criticize, antagonize

195

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. pertaining to farming or land matters

agrarian
(uh-grair-ee-un)

synonyms: agricultural, country

196

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. enthusiasm; speed

alacrity
(uh-lack-rih-tee)

synonyms: liveliness, fervor

197

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a small cavity in a rock

vug
(vuhg)

synonyms: cavity, depression

198

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. rock-hard; stony

petrous
(pet-ruhss)

synonyms: rugged, rocky, petrified

199

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a statement that is trivially true; unnecessary repetition

tautology
(tawt-aw-luh-djee)

synonyms: equivalence, redundancy

200

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to skip playfully, to frolic

gambol
(gam-buhl)

synonyms: cavort, skip, rollick