Advanced Vocab Words - Set 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Advanced Vocab Words - Set 8 Deck (200)
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1

Define:

nonchalant
(non-shuh-lont)

adj. casually unconcerned

Lauren was nonchalant about being chosen as valedictorian; she simply didn't think it was a big deal.

2

Define:

oscillate
(oss-ih-lehyt)

v. to move or swing from side to side
v. to waver between conflicting positions

Her feelings towards her cynical commanding officer oscillated between admiration and disgust.

3

Define:

ostentatious
(oss-ten-tay-shuss)

adj. intended to impress
adj. characterized by pretension

She loves to show off that ostentatious ring her rich husband got for her.

4

Define:

overwrought
(oh-vur-rawt)

adj. deeply agitated or anxious

Everyone in the family was overwrought with the thought that the children might be in danger .

5

Define:

pacific
(puh-sif-ick)

adj. of a peaceful nature
adj. promoting peace and conflict resolution

The government decided to pursue a pacific policy and call back its troops on the border.

6

Define:

palatable
(pal-ih-tuh-bull)

adj. acceptable to one's taste or mind

Though clearly necessary to balance the budget, unpopular tax increases are not palatable to any political party.

7

Define:

perennial
(puh-ren-ee-ul)

adj. endless
adj. recurring over and over

Not being able to pay rent on time was a perennial problem for him.

8

Define:

perfidy
(per-fih-dee)

n. a betrayal of trust

The soldier was known for his loyalty, so his act of perfidy was particularly shocking to his superior officers.

9

Define:

perfunctory
(per-funk-tuh-ree)

adj. done as a formality, without attention to detail

Her apology was clearly only a perfunctory gesture and not truly heartfelt.

10

Define:

pernicious
(per-nish-us)

adj. harmful; hurtful, especially in a slow or subtle way

The pernicious effects of money in politics are hardly unique to this country.

11

Define:

perspicacity
(per-spih-kass-ih-tee)

n. sharp powers of observation

The writer's perspicacity made it easy for her to understand and write about human nature.

12

Define:

perturb
(purr-turb)

v. to disturb or cause disorder, esp. in one's mental state

Even her sleep was perturbed by her obsession over her credit card debt.

13

Define:

placate
(play-kate)

v. to ease another's anger

Lewis attempted to placate the angry woman whose car had been hit, but she continued screaming and pacing back and forth.

14

Define:

placid
(plass-id)

adj. free from disturbance

There currently reigns a placid atmosphere at City Hall, but don't expect it to last much longer.

15

Define:

pivotal
(piv-uh-tul)

adj. of crucial importance

The audience was enraged when the film reel broke during a pivotal scene in the movie.

16

Define:

pragmatic
(prag-mat-ick)

adj. guided by practical experience and observation

Her pragmatic attitude often put her at odds with her idealistic peers, whom she called unrealistic and naive.

17

Define:

predilection
(pred-ih-leck-shun)

n. preference; a strong liking for

He had a predilection for expensive cars that was hard on his wallet.

18

Define:

preside
(prih-zahyd)

v. to be in a position of authority over a group

The newly-elected president presided over the first meeting of the council in September.

19

Define:

prevaricate
(pruh-vair-ih-kate)

v. to be deliberately ambiguous in order to hide the truth; to lie

The guest chose to prevaricate by answering the host's questions with unrelated anecdotes.

20

Define:

probity
(pro-bih-tee)

n. honesty and decency

The group chose Eduardo to represent them, not only because he was the eldest, but because he had shown the most probity during their discussions.

21

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. casually unconcerned

nonchalant
(non-shuh-lont)

synonyms: easygoing, careless

22

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to move or swing from side to side
v. to waver between conflicting positions

oscillate
(oss-ih-lehyt)

synonyms: dangle, sway; change, alternate

23

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. intended to impress
adj. characterized by pretension

ostentatious
(oss-ten-tay-shuss)

synonyms: showy, flashy, pretentious

24

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. deeply agitated or anxious

overwrought
(oh-vur-rawt)

synonyms: frantic, wound up, nervous

25

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. of a peaceful nature
adj. promoting peace and conflict resolution

pacific
(puh-sif-ick)

synonyms: soothing, peaceful, conciliatory

26

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. acceptable to one's taste or mind

palatable
(pal-ih-tuh-bull)

synonyms: delicious, agreeable, acceptable

27

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. endless
adj. recurring over and over

perennial
(puh-ren-ee-ul)

synonyms: enduring, perpetual, ceaseless

28

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a betrayal of trust

perfidy
(per-fih-dee)

synonyms: treachery, betrayal, corruption

29

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. done as a formality, without attention to detail

perfunctory
(per-funk-tuh-ree)

synonyms: automatic, habitual, careless

30

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. harmful; hurtful

pernicious
(per-nish-us)

synonyms: damaging, devastating