Advanced Vocab Words - Set 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Advanced Vocab Words - Set 7 Deck (200)
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1
Q

Define

dissociate

(dih-soh-see-ate)

A

v. to consider as separate

v. to break away

When news of the company’s fraud broke out, former affiliates tried to dissociate themselves from the partnership.

2
Q

Define

dissonant

(diss-ih-nunt)

A

adj. not in agreement; discordant

adj. unpleasant or harsh sounding

The first song the group performed surprised the audience with its dissonant chords and unusual length.

3
Q

Define

distend

(dih-stend)

A

v. to swell or widen

The children watched in fascination as the frog _distend_ed its throat and croaked.

4
Q

Define

distill

(dih-still)

A

v. to make pure

v. to take out from

The essence of the substance was _distill_ed through a complicated process.

5
Q

Define

divest

(dahy-vest)

A

v. to deprive or dispossess

v. to dispose of assets

He was _divest_ed of his privileges and title after breaking the club’s most important rule.

6
Q

Define

doctrinaire

(dock-truh-nair)

A

adj. following theory without regard for practical reality

The new president’s doctrinaire attitude towards economics led him to go through with some harmful policies.

7
Q

Define

elate

(ee-late)

A

v. to fill with optimism or excitement

Activists were _elate_d to hear about the passage of the civil rights legislation.

8
Q

Define

elegy

(ell-ih-djee)

A

n. a mournful poem or song

At her father’s funeral, Linda chose to read an elegy by his favorite poet, Keats.

9
Q

Define

elucidate

(ih-loo-sih-dehyt)

A

v. to make easier to understand

The company introduced simplified diagrams on its packaging to elucidate its new environmentally-friendly manufacturing process.

10
Q

Define

emaciate

(ih-mehy-shee-ehyt)

A

v. to make or become thin

He emerged from the prisoner camp _emaciate_d by months of inadequate rations.

11
Q

Define

emollient

(ih-mole-yunt)

A

adj. having the effect of softening

The cream was popular for its moisturizing and emollient properties.

12
Q

Define

venal

(veen-l)

A

adj. capable of being bought or bribed; mercenary; corruptible

Naturally, the case was declared a mistrial when its venal judge was shown to have sought bribes from both the prosecution and the defense.

13
Q

Define

doggerel

(daw-ger-uhl)

A

n. trivial, poorly constructed verse

adj. comic, burlesque; loose and irregular

The doggerel found in some publications is often a result of lazy editing.

14
Q

Define

manse

(manss)

A

n. a clergyman’s house

n. a mansion

The architect just finished the plans for the minister’s new manse.

15
Q

Define

nexus

(nek-suhss)

A

n. a connected series; a tie or link

n. the center or focus

The detective pursued several corrupt police officials and so uncovered the nexus of the city’s violent crime.

16
Q

Define

promulgate

(prom-uhl-geyt)

A

v. to make openly known; to officially announce

The governor _promulgate_d the new building code by special courier to each of the state’s municipalities.

17
Q

Define

dross

(drawss)

A

n. rubbish, waste, or foreign matter; impurity

Fred dismissed the criticisms of his portfolio, pointing out that the gold had far outweighed the dross through his long career.

18
Q

Define

demur

(duh-mur)

A

v. to take exception; to object

n. an objection

Though he was essentially in favor of freedom of speech, he _demur_red at certain types of hate speech.

19
Q

Define

felicitous

(fih-liss-ih-tuss)

A

adj. appropriate, suitable (as of a comment); well-chosen

Though Zhang and Eric are nothing alike, their complementary strengths made for a felicitous pairing as lab partners.

20
Q

Define

veritable

(ver-ih-tuh-buhl)

A

adj. authentic, real, true

In such a moderate district, winning more than 60 percent of the vote is a veritable landslide.

21
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to consider as separate

v. to break away

A

dissociate

(dih-soh-see-ate)

synonyms: separate, detach

22
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. not in agreement; discordant

adj. unpleasant or harsh sounding

A

dissonant

(diss-ih-nunt)

synonyms: discordant, clashing

23
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to swell or widen

A

distend

(dih-stend)

synonyms: bulge, swell, bloat

24
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make pure

v. to take out from

A

distill

(dih-still)

synonyms: boil down, condense, extract

25
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to deprive or dispossess

v. to dispose of assets

A

divest

(dahy-vest)

synonyms: release, give up possession, rid

26
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. following theory without regard for practical reality

A

doctrinaire

(dock-truh-nair)

synonyms: dogmatic, unrealistic

27
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to fill with optimism or excitement

A

elate

(ee-late)

synonyms: uplift, exalt, to make very proud or happy

28
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a mournful poem or song

A

elegy

(ell-ih-djee)

synonyms: death song, lament

29
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make easier to understand

A

elucidate

(ih-loo-sih-dehyt)

synonyms: clarify, simplify, expose

30
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make or become thin

A

emaciate

(ih-mehy-shee-ehyt)

synonyms: decrease, starve, weaken

31
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. having the effect of softening

A

emollient

(ih-mole-yunt)

synonyms: relaxing, relieving

32
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. capable of being bought or bribed; mercenary

A

venal

(veen-l)

synonyms: dishonest, corruptible

33
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. trivial, poorly constructed verse

A

doggerel

(daw-ger-uhl)

synonyms: awkward, droll

34
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a clergyman’s house

n. a mansion

A

manse

(manss)

synonyms: dwelling, house, residence

35
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a connected series; a tie or link

n. the center or focus

A

nexus

(nek-suhss)

synonyms: web, union; core

36
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make openly known; to officially announce

A

promulgate

(prom-uhl-geyt)

synonyms: advertise, broadcast, declare

37
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. slag, waste, or foreign matter; impurity

A

dross

(drawss)

synonyms: dregs, scum

38
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to take exception; to object

n. an objection

A

demur

(duh-mur)

synonyms: disagree, challenge, oppose

39
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. appropriate, suitable (as of a comment); well-chosen

A

felicitous

(fih-liss-ih-tuss)

synonyms: apt, fitting, favorable

40
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. authentic, real, true

A

veritable

(ver-ih-tuh-buhl)

synonyms: bona fide, genuine

41
Q

Define

impassive

(im-pass-iv)

A

adj. showing no emotion; stoic; unmoved

Who could remain impassive after such a heart-wrenching story?

42
Q

Define

hermetic

(hur-met-ik)

A

adj. airtight, impervious to outside influence; isolated

The tomb’s hermetic seal had never been opened.

43
Q

Define

fracas

(frey-kuhs)

A

n. a noisy fight or quarrel

In the middle of the day, a fracas between two cab drivers erupted in the street.

44
Q

Define

eminence

(em-ih-nunce)

A

n. a place of high rank

Late in her career, Aida was finally recognized for achieving eminence in filmmaking.

45
Q

Define

epigram

(ep-ih-gram)

A

n. a witty saying

The comedian became famous for his instantly recognizable _epigram_s and one-liners.

46
Q

Define:

epitome
(uh-pit-uh-mee)

A

n. a particularly worthy example of a class or type

The salon’s customers praised his work as the epitome of high-class hairstyling.

47
Q

Define

equanimity

(ek-wuh-nim-ih-tee)

A

n. steadiness of mind

A good leader maintains her equanimity even during a crisis.

48
Q

Define

equivocal

(uh-kwiv-uh-kul)

A

adj. uncertain or open to interpretation

The doctor’s conclusion was rather equivocal, so I asked for a second opinion.

49
Q

Define

erudite

(air-ya-dahyt)

A

adj. having profound knowledge or wisdom

The erudite professor was extremely knowledgeable but difficult to understand in lectures.

50
Q

Define

espouse

(uh-spouz)

A

v. to give or take in matrimony

v. to take up or adopt (e.g., a cause)

Although she claims to be nonconformist, Becky merely _espouse_s the same beliefs she has read about in various books and websites.

51
Q

Define

eradicate

(ih-rad-ih-kehyt)

A

v. to eliminate completely

The poison succeeded in _eradicat_ing all of the insects that had invaded the house.

52
Q

Define

estrange

(ih-strange)

A

v. to arouse hostility in

v. to remove from a group or relationship

A particularly mean-spirited remark from her stepmother finally _estrange_d Maggie from her family, and she has not been home since.

53
Q

Define

evanescent

(ev-ih-ness-unt)

A

adj. tending to vanish

The evanescent beauty of cherry blossoms may have inspired the respect for short-lived pleasures evident in the Japanese psyche.

54
Q

Define

extrinsic

(ik-strin-zik)

A

adj. originating from the outside

The parents’ cheers were useful for extrinsic motivation, but the coach told the team that the drive to win must come from inside themselves.

55
Q

Define

exult

(ig-zult)

A

v. to express joy or elation

The winning candidate’s campaign team began to exult the moment they heard the news.

56
Q

Define

facetious

(fuh-see-shuss)

A

adj. humorous with a sarcastic tone

The student’s facetious comments were seen as disrespectful by his professor.

57
Q

Define

facile

(fass-ul)

A

adj. done with ease

adj. shallow, uncomplicated

Though facile references to cooperation may inspire some workers, others remain unconvinced until their higher-ups go into specifics.

58
Q

Define

rectitude

(rek-tih-tood)

A

n. moral righteousness

n. the quality of being right

The priest praised him for his rectitude in the face of temptation.

59
Q

Define

crucible

(kroo-suh-buhl)

A

n. a metal container made of heat resistant material

n. a severe test

n. a place or time characterized by powerful forces

He was cast into the crucible of depression by his daughter’s diagnosis.

60
Q

Define

ingenue

(an-je-noo)

A

n. a naive, innocent young woman

Do you take me for an ingenue who has never been to the city?

61
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. showing no emotion; stoic; unmoved

A

impassive

(im-pass-iv)

synonyms: apathetic, unfeeling

62
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. airtight, impervious to outside influence; isolated

A

hermetic

(hur-met-ik)

synonyms: impervious, shut, sealed

63
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a noisy fight or quarrel

A

fracas

(frey-kuhs)

synonyms: disturbance, fight, brawl

64
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a place of high rank

A

eminence

(em-ih-nunce)

synonyms: importance, authority

65
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a witty saying

A

epigram

(ep-ih-gram)

synonyms: quirk, joke

66
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a particularly worthy example of a class or type

A

epitome

(uh-pit-uh-mee)

synonyms: ideal, model

67
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. steadiness of mind

A

equanimity

(ek-wuh-nim-ih-tee)

synonyms: composure, poise

68
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. uncertain or open to interpretation

A

equivocal

(uh-kwiv-uh-kul)

synonyms: doubtful, questionable

69
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. having profound knowledge or wisdom

A

erudite

(air-ya-dahyt)

synonyms: educated, cultured, savvy

70
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to give or take in matrimony

v. to take up or adopt (e.g., a cause)

A

espouse

(uh-spouz)

synonyms: marry, engage; support, defend

71
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to eliminate completely

A

eradicate

(ih-rad-ih-kehyt)

synonyms: destroy, annihilate

72
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to arouse hostility in

v. to remove oneself from a group or relationship

A

estrange

(ih-strange)

synonyms: antagonize, disaffect; separate, disconnect

73
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. tending to vanish

A

evanescent

(ev-ih-ness-unt)

synonyms: transient, disappearing, vanishing

74
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. originating from the outside

A

extrinsic

(ik-strin-zik)

synonyms: foreign, acquired, alien, outward

75
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to express joy or elation

A

exult

(ig-zult)

synonyms: delight, jubilate

76
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. humorous with a sarcastic tone

A

facetious

(fuh-see-shuss)

synonyms: ironic, not serious

77
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. done with ease

adj. shallow, uncomplicated

A

facile

(fass-ul)

synonyms: effortless; simplistic

78
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. moral righteousness

n. the quality of being right

A

rectitude

(rek-tih-tood)

synonyms: decency, integrity; correctness

79
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a metal container made of heat resistant material

n. a severe test

n. a place or time characterized by powerful forces

A

crucible

(kroo-suh-buhl)

synonyms: vessel; calamity, trial

80
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a naive, innocent young woman

A

ingenue

(an-zhuh-noo)

synonyms: amateur, learner

81
Q

Define

cadge

(kadj)

A

v. to beg or ask for; to impose on another’s generosity

The drunk was _cadg_ing cigarettes from strangers.

82
Q

Define

flout

(flahwt)

A

v. to demonstrate contempt for; to mock with disdain

v. to disregard, to disobey

She _flout_ed convention with her bizarre style of dress.

83
Q

Define

ennui

(ahn-wee)

A

n. dissatisfaction and restlessness due to boredom or apathy

Go Fish could not cure our rainy-day ennui.

84
Q

Define

urbanity

(ur-ban-ih-tee)

A

n. refinement and elegance of manner; polished courtesy

It was difficult not to be captivated by the palpable urbanity in everything she said.

85
Q

Define

vicissitude

(vih-siss-ih-tood)

A

n. a sudden, unexpected change, as in one’s life

John found inner strength and confronted the _vicissitude_s of a troubled life admirably.

86
Q

Define

hubris

(hyoo-bris)

A

n. arrogant presumption, excessive pride

The president’s hubris led to the desertion of many of his erstwhile friends who missed the humble and prudent politician they once knew.

87
Q

Define

fallow

(fal-owe)

A

adj. undeveloped (often despite the potential to be used)

In the United States, some farmers are paid to leave parts of their land fallow in order to limit agricultural output.

88
Q

Define

fathom

(fath-um)

A

v. to calculate the depth of

v. to comprehend

I cannot even fathom the idea of giving up my child for adoption.

89
Q

Define

fatuous

(fach-oo-us)

A

adj. inanely foolish

Most of his peers and relations thought his dream of becoming both a doctor and astronaut was fatuous at best.

90
Q

Define

ferment

(v. fur-ment; n. fur-ment)

A

v. to process sugar into alcohol organically

v. to work up

n. a state of excitement or turbulence

The ferment into which Watson and Crick’s discovery of DNA thrust the world of evolutionary biology was slow to die down.

91
Q

Define

fervent

(fur-vent)

A

adj. filled with strong emotion

Her fervent desire to help others led her to start her own charity organization with her inheritance.

92
Q

Define

fetter

(fet-er)

A

n. a restraint

v. to restrict or restrain

The designer felt his creativity was _fetter_ed by his client’s demands.

93
Q

Define

garrulous

(gair-uh-luss)

A

adj. overly talkative (esp. about unimportant topics)

The woman’s garrulous nature annoyed most of her coworkers.

94
Q

Define

gauche

(goash)

A

adj. unsophisticated; lacking manners

Linda kept to herself at her boss’s cocktail party, lest she say something gauche and embarrass herself.

95
Q

Define

germane

(djer-mehyn)

A

adj. relevant to the matter at hand

Kevin had a hard time finding materials that were actually germane to his project and not just tangentially related.

96
Q

Define

glib

(glihb)

A

adj. spoken in a smooth, unconcerned manner

adj. informal to the point of being insincere

The politician annoyed many journalists with his glib responses.

97
Q

Define

glutton

(glut-un)

A

n. a person who eats to excess

Johnny got in trouble so often that his professors began asking if he was a “glutton for punishment”.

98
Q

Define

grandiloquent

(gran-dill-ih-kwunt)

A

adj. extravagant and pompous in speech

The grandiloquent speech did not have much substance, leaving the audience confused about its purpose.

99
Q

Define

gratuitous

(gruh-too-ih-tuss)

A

adj. unwarranted or unnecessary

The movie disgusted her due to its gratuitous violence, which served no plot function so far as she could tell.

100
Q

Define

gregarious

(grih-gair-ee-us)

A

adj. outgoing and friendly

adj. tending to live in communities

This gregarious species of bird may be found in flocks of up to one hundred individuals.

101
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to beg or ask for; to impose on another’s generosity

A

cadge

(kadj)

synonyms: hawk, mooch

102
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to demonstrate contempt for; to mock with disdain

A

flout

(flahwt)

synonyms: deride, mock, ridicule

103
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. dissatisfaction and restlessness due to boredom or apathy

A

ennui

(ahn-wee)

synonyms: tedium, weariness, disinterest

104
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. refinement and elegance of manner; polished courtesy

A

urbanity

(ur-ban-ih-tee)

synonyms: elegance, charming

105
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a sudden, unexpected change, as in one’s life

A

vicissitude

(vih-siss-ih-tood)

synonyms: alteration, hardship, adversity

106
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. arrogant presumption, excessive pride

A

hubris

(hyoo-bris)

synonyms: brass, conceitedness, nerve

107
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. undeveloped (often despite the potential to be used)

A

fallow

(fal-owe)

synonyms: neglected, inactive, vacant

108
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to calculate the depth of

v. to comprehend

A

fathom

(fath-um)

synonyms: measure; understand

109
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. inanely foolish

A

fatuous

(fach-oo-us)

synonyms: silly, frivolous

110
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to process sugar into alcohol organically

v. to work up

n. a state of excitement or turbulence

A

ferment

(v. fur-ment, n. fur-ment)

synonyms: disturb, agitate; agitation, uprising, excitement

111
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. filled with strong emotion

A

fervent

(fur-vent)

synonyms: ardent, zealous, impassioned

112
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a restraint

v. to restrict or restrain

A

fetter

(fet-er)

synonyms: tie up, bind

113
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. overly talkative (esp. about unimportant topics)

A

garrulous

(gair-uh-luss)

synonyms: babbling, chatty, verbose

114
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unsophisticated; lacking manners

A

gauche

(goash)

synonyms: tactless, crude

115
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. relevant to the matter at hand

A

germane

(djer-mehyn)

synonyms: appropriate, applicable, befitting

116
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. spoken in a smooth, unconcerned manner

adj. informal to the point of being insincere

A

glib

(glihb)

synonyms: nonchalant, fluent, thoughtless

117
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a person who eats to excess

A

glutton

(glut-un)

synonyms: gorger, hog

118
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. extravagant and pompous in speech

A

grandiloquent

(gran-dill-ih-kwunt)

synonyms: self-important, lofty

119
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unwarranted or unnecessary

A

gratuitous

(gruh-too-ih-tuss)

synonyms: unneeded, wanton

120
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. outgoing and friendly

adj. tending to live in communities

A

gregarious

(grih-gair-ee-us)

synonyms: affable, cordial; sociable

121
Q

Define

guile

(gahyl)

A

n. trickery or duplicity

His offer was free of guile and meant only to be helpful.

122
Q

Define

hyperbole

(hahy-pur-buh-lee)

A

n. exaggeration

The statement that “I’m so hungry, I could eat a cow,” is hyperbole and not meant to be taken literally.

123
Q

Define

iconoclast

(eye-con-uh-klast)

A

n. one who challenges generally accepted beliefs and traditions

The _iconoclast_s who upended Britain’s post-war consensus took a much harder line against unions than had been the norm.

124
Q

Define

idiosyncrasy

(id-ee-owe-sing-kruh-see)

A

n. a peculiar way of behaving or thinking

His obsession with removing his shoes the moment they got wet was one of his many _idiosyncrasi_es.

125
Q

Define

idyll

(ahyd-ul)

A

n. a scene of simple and tranquil nature

n. a short poem about such a scene

Her favorite poems are _idyll_s about the joys of life in the country.

126
Q

Define

immutable

(ih-mew-tuh-bull)

A

adj. not susceptible to change

The actors knew that once the director made a decision about a scene, it was immutable and not open to debate.

127
Q

Define

imperious

(im-peer-ee-us)

A

adj. proud and arrogant

The actress replied to her manager’s concerns with an imperious wave of her hand.

128
Q

Define

impetuous

(im-pech-oo-us)

A

adj. hasty and lacking in thought

His impetuous and eager nature led him to take on more projects than he could realistically complete.

129
Q

Define

impetus

(im-pih-tuss)

A

n. a force that encourages or pushes forward a certain activity

n. a force that moves an object

The sudden publicity around the violence in India gave impetus to the campaign to end the conflict through international mediation.

130
Q

Define

implacable

(im-plack-ih-bull)

A

adj. impossible to calm or satisfy

According to my mother, I was an implacable baby who often kept her up through the night.

131
Q

Define

inert

(in-urt)

A

adj. not able to move

adj. having no energy or interest

adj. chemically inactive

After hours at the gym, Luke could only lie about the house, inert and exhausted.

132
Q

Define

infallible

(in-fal-ih-bull)

A

adj. incapable of error

Many of the actor’s fans considered him infallible, so it was shocking when his latest film was widely panned.

133
Q

Define

ingenuous

(in-djehn-you-us)

A

adj. unable to mask feelings

adj. lacking worldliness; innocent and unsuspecting

Kate was too ingenuous to realize that accepting a ride from a stranger might be a bad idea.

134
Q

Define

iniquitous

(ih-nick-wih-tuss)

A

adj. wicked or unjust

The villain’s iniquitous plan was fortunately foiled again by the hero.

135
Q

Define

innocuous

(ih-nock-you-us)

A

adj. not likely to injure or harm

adj. not controversial

adj. uninspiring or uninteresting

This insect looks dangerous and frightening but is actually innocuous.

136
Q

Define

inoculate

(ih-nock-yuh-late)

A

v. to vaccinate; to introduce an idea/attitude into the mind of

In most states, children must be _inoculate_d against common diseases before they enter public school.

137
Q

Define

insolence

(in-suh-lunce)

A

n. rudeness; a lack of respect

When she could no longer stand the child’s insolence, the babysitter called his parents to complain.

138
Q

Define

insular

(in-suh-lurr)

A

adj. limited in outlook

adj. physically or emotionally removed from others

Having grown up in a small, insular town her whole life, Linda longed to move to a big city.

139
Q

Define

intractable

(in-track-tuh-bull)

A

adj. not easily managed or governed

adj. not easily manipulated or molded

adj. not easily treated

The horse was too intractable to be used in the race.

140
Q

Define

laconic

(luh-con-ik)

A

adj. brief and direct, often to the point of seeming rude

Kevin’s laconic response was unfortunately perceived as a rebuff and he was not invited to any more gatherings.

141
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. trickery or duplicity

A

guile

(gahyl)

synonyms: slyness, deceit, cunning

142
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. exaggeration

A

hyperbole

(hahy-pur-buh-lee)

synonyms: exaggeration, embellishment

143
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. one who challenges generally accepted beliefs and traditions

A

iconoclast

(eye-con-uh-klast)

synonyms: detractor, cynic, dissenter

144
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a peculiar way of behaving or thinking

A

idiosyncrasy

(id-ee-owe-sing-kruh-see)

synonyms: oddity, quirk

145
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a scene of simple and tranquil nature

n. a short poem about such a scene

A

idyll

(ahyd-ul)

synonyms: ballad, lyric

146
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. not susceptible to change

A

immutable

(ih-mew-tuh-bull)

synonyms: unchangeable, constant

147
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. proud and arrogant

A

imperious

(im-peer-ee-us)

synonyms: haughty, domineering

148
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. hasty and lacking in thought

A

impetuous

(im-pech-oo-us)

synonyms: hasty, rash, unplanned

149
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a force that encourages or pushes forward a certain activity

n. a force that moves an object

A

impetus

(im-pih-tuss)

synonyms: driving force, push, incentive

150
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. impossible to calm or satisfy

A

implacable

(im-plack-ih-bull)

synonyms: ruthless, unappeasable, unbending

151
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. not able to move

adj. having no energy or interest

adj. chemically inactive

A

inert

(in-urt)

synonyms: lifeless, still, inactive, dormant

152
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. incapable of error

A

infallible

(in-fal-ih-bull)

synonyms: absolute, certain, definite

153
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unable to mask feelings

adj. lacking worldliness; innocent or unsuspecting

A

ingenuous

(in-djehn-you-us)

synonyms: direct, genuine; naive

154
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. wicked or unjust

A

iniquitous

(ih-nick-wih-tuss)

synonyms: immoral, evil, corrupt

155
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. not likely to injure or harm

adj. not controversial

adj. uninspiring or uninteresting

A

innocuous

(ih-nock-you-us)

synonyms: harmless; drab

156
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to vaccinate; to introduce an idea/attitude into the mind of

A

inoculate

(ih-nock-yuh-late)

synonyms: inject, immunize

157
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. rudeness; a lack of respect

A

insolence

(in-suh-lunce)

synonyms: nerve, impudence

158
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. limited in outlook

adj. physically or emotionally removed from others

A

insular

(in-suh-lurr)

synonyms: narrow-minded, limited; exclusive, unfriendly

159
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. not easily managed or governed

adj. not easily manipulated or molded

adj. not easily treated

A

intractable

(in-track-tuh-bull)

synonyms: unresponsive, refractory

160
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. brief and direct, often to the point of seeming rude

A

laconic

(luh-con-ik)

synonyms: concise, cogent

161
Q

Define

lampoon

(lam-poon)

A

n. a sharp satire mocking a person or group through an artistic medium

v. to satirize or attack in such a style

Many modern comedies focus solely on _lampoon_ing typical films from a variety of genres.

162
Q

Define

latent

(lehy-tent)

A

adj. present or existing but not currently visible

The doctor explained that she had died of a latent heart condition that was not detected until it was too late to treat.

163
Q

Define

lattice

(lat-is)

A

n. a pattern consisting of, or resembling, an interwoven frame made by crisscrossing strips

The back of the antique mirror was made of a lattice of rich, dark wood.

164
Q

Define

laud

(lawd)

A

v. to praise or glorify

When he returned home, his relatives and friends _laud_ed him for his bravery on the battlefield.

165
Q

Define

leaven

(lev-un)

A

v. to have an enlivening or lightening influence

The few jokes he threw in did nothing to leaven his grim sermon.

166
Q

Define

lethargic

(luh-thar-djick)

A

adj. physically or mentally slow

Although I have gotten over the worst of my illness, I am still too lethargic to do anything but stay in bed.

167
Q

Define

levy

(lev-ee)

A

v. to impose and collect

n. a charge imposed

The government decided that the best way to deal with the problem was to levy a new tax on the ownership of pets.

168
Q

Define

mean

(meen)

A

adj. low in status or quality

n. a point between two extremes

Ali is a moderate, preferring to choose the mean when faced with extreme leftist and rightist arguments.

169
Q

Define

meander

(mee-an-dur)

A

v. to wander in a leisurely manner

I have a tendency to meander about my large garden when I’m bored.

170
Q

Define

medley

(med-lee)

A

n. a mixture of dissimilar things

n. a musical composition of melodies from different songs

The local singing group is renowned for their medley of popular Beatles songs.

171
Q

Define

melancholy

(mel-un-kol-ee)

A

n. a feeling of deep sadness

adj. sad, dejected

After her husband’s departure, she spent months wallowing in melancholy.

172
Q

Define

mercurial

(mur-cure-ee-ul)

A

adj. subject to sudden changes in mood

adj. lively and quick

My mother’s mercurial temperament makes it impossible to predict how she will react to bad news.

173
Q

Define

monotonous

(muh-not-ih-nuss)

A

adj. tedious, repetitive

adj. characterized by a tone of unvarying pitch

My new job consists of putting letters into envelopes, organizing files in alphabetical order, and other monotonous tasks.

174
Q

Define

moratorium

(more-uh-tore-ee-um)

A

n. suspension of activity

Failing to secure the necessary signatures for a referendum, the group tried to secure a moratorium on gay marriages while their challenge was heard by the courts.

175
Q

Define

mores

(more-ehyz)

A

n. the accepted customs of a particular group

She went against the mores of her community when she decided to keep her maiden name.

176
Q

Define

morphology

(more-fol-uh-djee)

A

n. the study of form or structure

Her interest in drawing bushes and flowers logically led her to read up on plant morphology.

177
Q

Define

muse

(mewz)

A

v. to reflect deeply on a subject

The students _muse_d over the message of the teacher’s final lecture well after the class had ended.

178
Q

Define

nadir

(nehy-dur)

A

n. the lowest point

Stevenson has said that the weather is generally the “very nadir” of interesting conversational topics.

179
Q

Define

nascent

(neyss-unt)

A

adj. just coming into existence

The nascent after-school program was already attracting the interest of a lot of parents and students.

180
Q

Define

nebulous

(neb-yuh-luss)

A

adj. unclear or vague

Their plans for the new student center were as yet too nebulous to take to the board of directors for approval.

181
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a sharp satire mocking a person or group through an artistic medium

v. to satirize or attack in such a style

A

lampoon

(lam-poon)

synonyms: parody, satire

182
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. present or existing but not currently visible

A

latent

(lehy-tent)

synonyms: hidden, invisible

183
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. a pattern consisting of, or resembling, an interwoven frame made by crisscrossing strips

A

lattice

(lat-is)

synonyms: mesh, filigree, net, grid

184
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to praise or glorify

A

laud

(lawd)

synonyms: acclaim, celebrate, flatter

185
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to have an enlivening or lightening influence

A

leaven

(lev-un)

synonyms: raise, lighten

186
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. physically or mentally slow

A

lethargic

(luh-thar-djick)

synonyms: lazy, sluggish

187
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to impose and collect

n. a charge imposed

A

levy

(lev-ee)

synonyms: demand, exact; tax, fee

188
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. low in status or quality

n. a point between two extremes

A

mean

(meen)

synonyms: base, common, inferior; average, halfway

189
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to wander in a leisurely manner

A

meander

(mee-an-dur)

synonyms: drift, ramble, traipse

190
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a mixture of dissimilar things

n. a musical composition of melodies from different songs

A

medley

(med-lee)

synonyms: assortment, patchwork

191
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a feeling of deep sadness

adj. sad, dejected

A

melancholy

(mel-un-kol-ee)

synonyms: dejected, downcast, sad

192
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. subject to sudden changes in mood

adj. lively and quick

A

mercurial

(mur-cure-ee-ul)

synonyms: flighty, fluctuating; buoyant

193
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. tedious, repetitive

adj. characterized by a tone of unvarying pitch

A

monotonous

(muh-not-ih-nuss)

synonyms: droning, unchanging

194
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. suspension of activity

A

moratorium

(more-uh-tore-ee-um)

synonyms: adjournment, break, delay

195
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the accepted customs of a particular group

A

mores

(more-aze)

synonyms: codes, ways, etiquette, ritual

196
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the study of form or structure

A

morphology

(more-fol-uh-djee)

synonyms: study of form, study of structure

197
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to reflect deeply on a subject

A

muse

(mewz)

synonyms: contemplate, ponder

198
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the lowest point

A

nadir

(nehy-dur)

synonyms: bottom, floor, lowest point

199
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. just coming into existence

A

nascent

(neyss-unt)

synonyms: developing, beginning

200
Q

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unclear or vague

A

nebulous

(neb-yuh-luss)

synonyms: obscure, indistinct