Ageing and Frailty Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ageing and Frailty Deck (15):
1

'Elderly' is defined as

≥ 65 yo

2

What is the Rectagularisation of Survival Curves?

Achieving one's predicted life expectancy thanks to improvements in health and hygiene

3

Successful ageing is defined as...

Changes due to the ageing process without any disease, personal choices or lifestyle factors

4

Usual Ageing is

Ageing + Environment + Personal Choices + Illness

5

Frailty is

the diminished ability to carry out the important practical and social activities of daily living

6

Frailty is related with

Chronic activation of the immune system

7

What cytokines are related to catabolism and anorexia?

TNF alpha and IL-6

8

Cytokine which [ ] is related with increased mortality rate and predictive value of functional decline?

IL-6

9

Sarcopenia is...

Loss of muscle due to ageing

10

some of the causes of sarcopenia are

Decreased muscle nerve supply (loss of anterior horn cells)
decreased hormone levels (GH,IGF-1,oestrogen,testosterone)
inflammatory markers
muscle mass decreases since you are 30

11

What is the main type of fibre loss in sarcopenia?

Type 2: fast fibres

12

What is a medical syndrome?

signs + symptoms associated with morbid process
Multiple symptoms 1 pathogenic pathway

13

Geriatric Syndrome is...

symptoms or complex of Sx w high prevalence in geriatrics
multiple diseases involved and Risk factors

14

if the condition starts with 'I' think of

Geriatric Syndrome
Iatrogenic changes, incontinence, immobility, impaired balance, impaired cognition

15

Define iatrogenic

Illness caused by medical treatment