Anatomical Terms Flashcards Preview

Phase I Medicine > Anatomical Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomical Terms Deck (48):
1

What does 'Medial' mean?

In the centre

2

What does 'Lateral' mean?

Away from the centre, to a side

3

What does 'Superficial' mean?

On the surface

4

What does 'Deep' mean?

On the inside, past the surface

5

What is the opposite of deep?

Superficial

6

What does 'Proximal' mean?

Closer to the centre mass of the body or other point of reference

7

What does 'Distal' mean?

Further from the centre mass of the body or other point of reference

8

What does 'Anterior' mean?

Towards the front

9

What does 'Posterior' mean?

Towards the back

10

What does 'Rostral' mean?

Towards the face (different to towards the head)

11

What does 'Plantar' mean?

On the sole of the feet

12

What does 'Palmar' mean?

On the palm of the hand

13

What does 'Superior' mean?

Towards the head end/ bigger/ above

14

What does 'Inferior' mean?

Towards the feet end/ smaller/ below

15

What does 'Cranial' mean?

Towards the head

16

What does 'Caudal' mean?

Towards the bottom of the feet (posterior, inferior)

17

What does 'Volar' mean?

On the underside of the palms or feet

18

What does 'Dorsal' mean?

On the back (except in reference to the head)

19

What does 'Ventral' mean?

On the front (except in reference to the head)

20

What does 'Lateral Flexion' mean?

Movement of the head or trunk laterally away from the midline. Abduction of spine

21

What does 'Reduction' mean?

Return of spine to medial position from lateral flexion. Adduction of spine

22

What does 'Ulnar Deviation' mean?

Adduction movement at wrist of little finger side of hand towards forearm

23

What does 'Radial Deviation' mean?

Abduction movement of thumb side of hand towards forearm

24

What does 'Elevation' mean?

Moving a part superiorly (like shrugging shoulders)

25

What does 'Relations' mean?

Relative to another part

26

What does 'Flexion' mean?

Bending at a joint as to decrease the angle

27

What does 'Extension' mean?

Bending at a joint to straighten the joint

28

What does 'Circumduction' mean?

Moving in a circular motion, combining multiple different movements

29

What does 'Depression' mean?

Moving a part inferiorly (like bringing shrugged shoulders back down)

30

What does 'Abduction' mean?

Movement away from the midline. In hands and feet use their own midlines

31

What does 'Adduction' mean?

Movement towards the midline. In hands and feet use their own midlines

32

What does 'Opposition' mean?

Movement of the thumb around towards the fingers

33

What does 'Reposition' mean?

Movement of the thumb away from the fingers to anatomical position

34

What does 'Inversion' mean?

Turning sole of foot inward, or medially.

35

What does 'Eversion' mean?

Turning sole of foot outward

36

What does 'Rotation' mean?

To turn on its own axis.

37

What does 'Protraction' mean?

To move into a more anterior position than normal

38

What does 'Retraction' mean?

To move into a more posterior position than normal

39

What does 'Dorsiflexion' mean?

Elevating the foot so the toes point up

40

What does 'Plantarflexion' mean?

Lowering the foot so the toes point down

41

What does 'The Anatomical Position' mean?

Standing upright with the head, eyes and toes directed anteriorly, arms adjacent to thesides with the palms facing anteriorly, and the lower limbs close together with the feet parallel

42

Why do we have 'The Anatomical Position'?

All anatomical descriptions are expressed in relation to one consistentposition, ensuring that descriptions are not ambiguous.

43

What does 'Median' mean?

The vertical plane passing longitudinally through the body, divides the body into right andleft halves. This defines the midline of the head, neck, and trunk where it intersects the surface ofthe body.

44

What does 'Sagittal' mean?

Vertical planes passing through the body parallel to the median plane.

45

What does 'Frontal/ Coronal' mean?

Vertical planes passing through the body at right angles to the median plane,dividing the body into anterior and posterior parts.

46

What is used interchangeably with 'median'?

Midline

47

What does 'Transverse' mean?

Horizontal planes passing through the body at right angles to the median and frontalplanes, dividing the body into superior and inferior parts.

48

What does 'Axial' mean?

The same as transverse, except transverse will be oblique/ diagonal on limbs.