Flashcards in B1 Anatomy of Bone Surface Deck (36):
What is the purpose of depressions and openings of the bone?
To allow the passage of soft tissue or formation of joints.
What is a fissure?
A narrow slit between adjacent parts of bones through which blood vessels or nerves pass.
Where can a fissure be found?
Superior orbital fissure of sphenoid bone
What is a foramen?
A hole/ opening through which blood vessels, nerves, or ligaments pass.
Where can foramina be found?
Optic foramen of sphenoid boneMental foramen
What is a fossa?
A shallow depression.
Where can fossae be found?
Coronoid fossa of humerus.
What is a sulcus?
A groove along the bone surface that accommodates a blood vessel, nerve, or tendon.
Where can sulci be found?
Intertubercular sulcus of humerus.
What is a meatus
Latin for passageway, a tubelike opening.
Where can a meati be found?
Nasal CavityExternal auditory meatus of temporal bone.
What are processes?
Projections/ outgrowths on bone that form joints/ attachment points for connective tissue.
What is a condyle?
Latin for knuckle, a large, round protuberance with a smooth articular surface at the end of the bone.
Where can condyles be found?
Lateral condyle of femur.
What is a facet?
Smooth, flat, slightly concave or convex articular surface.
Where can facets be found?
Superior articular facet of vertebra-
What is a head?
Usually rounded articular projection supported on neck (constricted portion) of bone.
Where can heads be found?
Head of femur.
What is a crest?
A prominent ridge or elongated projection.
Where can crests be found?
Iliac crest of hip bone.
What is an epicondyle?
A typically roughened projection above condyle.
Where can epicondyles be found?
Medial epicondyle of femur.
What is a line?
A long, narrow ridge or border (less prominent than crest).
Where can lines be found?
Linea aspera of femur.
What is a spinous process?
A sharp, slender projection.
Where can spinous processes be found?
What is a trochanter?
A very large projection.
Where are trochanters found?
Greater trochanter of femur.
What is a tubercle?
A variably sized rounded projection.
Where are tubercles found?
Greater tubercle of humerus.
What is a tuberosity?
A variably sized projection that has a rough, bumpy surface.
Where are tuberosities found?
Ischial tuberosity of hip bone.
List the different types of depressions in bone
List the different types of processes of bone
List the types of processes that form joints