Flashcards in B4 Infection and Immunity Deck (19):
What is the consequence of a patient getting the wrong blood type during a transfusion?
Acute haemolytic reaction
What is an acute haemolytic reaction?
Circulating antibodies bind to RBCs and cause agglutination
What antibodies are responsible for targeting non-present ABO antigens?
IgM (Naturally occuring)
Which white blood cells are phagocytic?
What percentage of white blood cells do neutrophils occupy?
What is the lifespan of neutrophils?
At the site of inflammation, what is the lifespan of neutrophils?
Other than phagocytosis, how else do neutrophils kill pathogens?
Releasing granules containing toxic components
What are the main signs of inflammation?
What is the term used to describe a matured neutrophil?
What is responsible for connecting the lobules in a neutrophil?
How can neutrophilic bands be identified?
The nuclei are horseshoe or drumstick shaped
What are neutrophilic bands?
Immature neutrophils - a step away from becoming mature
What is the term used to describe a cell that has a kidney shaped nucleus but is not capable of division?
What is a neutrophilic myelocyte?
A cell arising from progranulocytes
Contains differentiated granules and a nucleus with compact chromatin
What is another name for a progranulocyte?
What is a progranulocyte?
The first product of myeloblast differentiation
What are the properties of promyelocytes?
Basophilic cytoplasm with azurophilic granules