Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (109)
What is the order of the respiratory tree?
What are the parts of the pharynx?
What level of the vertebra does the larynx become the trachea?
What level of the vertebra does the pharynx become the oesophagus?
From superficial to deep, name the parts of the chest wall?
What fluid does the pleura secrete?
What is the function of the pleural fluid?
Provides surface tension
Name the lobes and fissures of the right lung?
Lobes: superior, middle, inferior
Fissures: horizontal and oblique
Name the lobes and fissures of the left lung?
Lobes: superior, inferior
How many bronchopulmonary segments does each lung have?
The sternal angle is at the level of what rib?
What are the spaces between each rib called?
Describe the 12 thoracic ribs.
1-7: True ribs
8-10: False ribs
11+12: Floating ribs
What is the name of the combined lower costal cartilages?
The ribs articulate with the sternum via what?
the rib's costal cartiglage
What is the name of the joints that join the rib to the vertebra?
What is the name of the joints that join the rib to costal cartilage?
What is hte name of the joints that join the sternum to the costal cartilage?
What are the 3 layers of skeletal muscles located between the ribs?
external intercostal muscle
internal intercostal muscle
innermost intercostal muscl
what are the muscles of passive breathing?
What is the blood supply of the anterior parts of the intercostal spaces?
Internal thoracic artery and veins
What is the blood supply of the 11 pairs of intercostal spaces?
(ie chest wall?)
bilateral posterior intercostal arteries
What is the arterial blood supply for the lungs?
where do the bronchial arteries arise from?
thoracic aortas anterior surface
There are 2 domes of the diaphragm. Which dome is more superior?
the right dome due to the presence of the liver inferiorly
What type of muscle is the diaphragm?
(skeletal or smooth)
What is the muscular part of the diaphragm's nerve supply?
(combined C3,4,5 anterior rami)
What is the route of the phrenic nerve?
-Anterior surface of the scalenus anterior
-Lateral aspects of the fibrous pericardium
During inspiration, how does the diaphragm move?
Contracts and descends thus increasing the vertical chest cavity dimension