Anatomy's Terminology Flashcards Preview

Gross Anatomy > Anatomy's Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy's Terminology Deck (18):
1

Proximal

Close to the trunk (shoulder is proximal to elbow)

2

Distal

Away from the trunk (wrist is distal to elbow and shoulder)

3

Medial

Closer to the midline

4

Lateral

Away from the midline

5

Ipsilateral

On the same side

6

Contralateral

On the opposite side

7

Palmar

Refer to your palm

8

Plantar

Refer to your soles (feet)

9

Circumduction

Draw a circle with most distal segment while proximal remains fixed. Combination of flex, abduction, extension and adduction

10

Where does circumduction happen?

Shoulder and hips (ball socket joints)

11

Inversion

The foot bends toward the midline

12

Exversion

Foot bends outward the midline

13

Dorsiflexion

The foot bend upward

14

Plantarflexion

The foot bend downward

15

Supination

Palm face upward

16

Pronation

Palm face down

17

Protraction

Movement away from the midline (hunching shoulder)

18

Retraction

The movement away from the midline (squaring the shoulder)