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Flashcards in Anatomy Week 1 Deck (82):
1

What are the superfical gluteal muscles?

gluteus maximus; gluteus medius; gluteus minimus; tensor fascia latae

2

What is the function of the superficial gluteal muscles?

extensors; abductors and medial rotators of thigh

3

What nerve supplies all of the superfiical gluteal muscles apart from the gluteus maximus?

superior gluteal nerve

4

What nerve supplies the gluteus maximus?

inferior gluteal nerve

5

What muscles form the deep gluteal group?

piriformis; obturator internus; gemelli and quadratus femoris

6

What is the function of the deep gluteal muscles?

lateral rotators of thigh and hip stabilisers

7

What nerve supplies the deep gluteal muscles?

nerves from sacral plexus

8

How do nerves enter/exit the pelvis?

via greater sciatic foramen

9

How do nerves enter/exit the perinuem?

via lesser sciatic foramen

10

What level does the sciatic nerve come from?

L4-s3

11

What levels does the pudendal nerve come from?

S2-S4

12

What levels does the posterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh come from?

S1-S3

13

What does the sciatic nerve supply?

posterior thigh, all leg and foot muscles and most of skin via tibial and commmon fibular branches

14

Waht does the pudendal nerve supply

perinuem

15

What does the posterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh supply?

skin over posterior thigh; popliteal fossa; lateral perinuem and upper medial thigh

16

Where is the sciatic nerve found within to the gluteal region?

exits inferior to piriformis and usually is most lateral nerve exiting the greater sciatic foramen

17

What is the blood supply to the sciatic nerve?

artery to the sciatic nerve

18

What does the sciatic nerve bifurcate into?

tibila and common fibular nerves

19

What is the difference between the tibial and the common fibular nerve?

tibial nerve is larger and medial whereas the common fibular is smaller and more lateral

20

What is the superior border of the femoral triangle?

inguinal ligamnet

21

What is the medial border of hte femoral triangle?

lateral border of adductor longus

22

What is the lateral border of the femoral triangle?

medial border of sartorius

23

What is the floor of the femoral triangle made up of?

laterally- iliopsoas
medially- pectineus

24

What is the contents of the femoral triangle?

femoral nerve; artery and vein and lymphatics

25

What are the 3 compartments found in the thigh?

anterior; medial and posterior

26

What are the 3 compartments found in the leg?

anterior; posterior and lateral

27

What are the actions of muscles found in the anterior compartment of the thigh?

flexion of the thigh and extension of the leg

28

What muscles in the anterior thigh compartment are involved in flexing of the thigh?

pectineus; iliopsoas (psoas major + iliacus); sartorius; rectus femoris

29

What muscle is the leg extensor within the anterior compartment of the thigh?

quadriceps femoris

30

What muscles make up the quadriceps femoris?

vastus lateralis; vastus medialis; vastus intermedius and rectus femoris

31

What nerve supplies the anterior compartment of the thigh?

femoral nerve

32

What spinal levels is the femoral nerve derived from?

L2,3,4

33

What is the nerve supply to teh psoas major?

L1, L2, L3

34

What are the muscles in the medial compartment of the thigh?

adductor longus; adductor brevis; adductor magnus; gracilis; obturator externus

35

What nerve supplies the medial compartment of the thigh?

obturator nerve

36

What spinal levels is the obturator nerve derived from?

L2; L3; L4

37

What is the function of the muscles in the medial compartment of the thigh?

adductors of the thigh

38

What is the function of the muscles in the posterior compartmnet of the thigh?

extensors of the thigh and flexors of the leg

39

What are the muscles in the posterior compartment of the thigh?

semitendinosus; semimembranosus; biceps femoris

40

What nerve supplies the posterior compartment of the thigh?

tibial division of the sciatic nerve

41

How does the sciatic nerve descend down the thigh?

posterior aspct

42

What muscles are found in the anterior compartment of the leg?

tibilais anterior; extensor digitorum longus; extensor hallucis longus and fibularis tertius

43

What nerve supplies the anterior compartment of the leg?

deep fibular nerve

44

What spinal level is the deep fibular nerve derived from?

L4;L5

45

What is the function of the muscles in the anterior compartment of the leg?

dorsiflexors of ankle and extensors of toes

46

What is the functions of muscles in the lateral compartment of the leg?

evert foot and weakly plantarflex ankle

47

What muscles are found in the lateral compartment of the leg?

fibularis longus
fibularis brevis

48

What nerve supplies the lateral compartmnet of the leg?

superficial fibular nerve

49

What spinal levels gives the superifical fibular nerve?

L5, ;S1;S2

50

What is the mnemonic to remmebr the anterior thigh muscles?

AT Practice Iguanas Started Quacking

51

What is the mnemonic to remmebr the medial thigh muscles?

Megan thought alligators ate artichokes. Get out!

52

What is the mnemonic to rememebr the posterior thigh muscles?

Palm Trees Steal Snap Backs

53

What is the mnemonic to remmebr the anterior leg muscles?

Angus let Tina egg every farm

54

What is the mnemonic to remember the lateral leg muscles?

Lipstick leaves fantastic fines

55

What is the mnemonic to remmeber the posterior superficial leg muscles?

Playing long stupid games sucks plenty

56

What is the mnemonic to remmeber the posterior deep leg muscles?

Passing little dragons past Fife fires trepidation

57

What are the superifical posterior leg muscles?

Gastrocneumius
Soleus
Plantaris

58

What are the deep posterior leg muscles?

Popliteus
Flexor hallucis longus
Flexor digitorum longus
Tibialis posterior

59

What nerve supplies the posterior compartment of the leg?

tibial nerve

60

What is the superolateral boundary of the popliteal fossa?

biceps femoris

61

What is the superomedial boundary of the popliteal fossa?

semimembranosus

62

What is the inferior border of the popliteal fossa?

gastrocnemius

63

What is the roof of the popliteal fossa?

popliteal fascia

64

What is found in the popliteal fossa?

fat
terminal small saphenous vein
popliteal vessels
tibial and common fibular nerves

65

What veins do the superficial lymphatics follow?

saphenous veins

66

What do the superficial lymphatics drain to?

superficial inguinal lymph nodes

67

What do the superficial inguinal lymph nodes drain to?

external iliac lymph nodes

68

What do deep lymphatics drain to?

deep inguinal lymph nodes

69

What do the deep inguinal lymph nodes drain to?

external iliac lymph nodes

70

What do the external iliac lymph nodes drain to?

common iliac lymph nodes

71

What does the thick part of fibrous layer of joint capsule forms?

ligaments

72

What are the ligamnets of the hip joint?

iliofemoral
pubofemoral
ischiofemoral

73

What is the ligamnet to the head of femur?

ligamentum teres

74

What is the blood supply to the hip joint?

medial and lateral circumflex femoral arteries

75

What artery does the artery to head of femur branch from?

obturator

76

What do the medial and lateral circumflex arteries usually branch from?

deep femoral artery

77

What are the 3 articulations in the knee joint?

2 x Tibiofemoral
1 x patellofemoral

78

What are the 3 extracapsular ligaments?

patellar ligament
lateral (fibular) collateral ligament
medial (tibial) collateral ligament

79

What are the intra-articular ligaments?

anterior cruciate
posterior cruciate

80

What is the calcaneal tendon more commonly known as?

achilles tendon

81

What forms the achilles tendon?

tendons of gastrocneumius and soleus together

82

What does the calcaneal tendon attach to?

calcaneal tuberosity