Upper limb arthritis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Upper limb arthritis Deck (20):
1

What is a mucous cyst?

outpouching of synovial fluid from the DIP joint

2

What re the features of a mucous cyst?

may be painful; may fluctuate/discharge; may deform nail, cause ridge

3

What is the management for a mucous cyst?

may be left alone/ excision

4

What are ganglions?

outpouchings of synovial cavity

5

Where are ganglions more common?

where there is a high conc. of synovial joints eg wrist

6

What fills ganglions?

synovial fluid

7

What are the features of a ganglion?

usually painless, but may feel tight

8

What is the managemnt for a ganglion?

benign neglect; aspiration; excision

9

What do the flexor tendons run within in the finer?

flexor tendon sheath

10

What happens when there is swelling in a tendon?

the tendon can get caught on the pulleys

11

What is trigger finer

when there is pain over A1 pulley at the MC head and the finger gets stuck (usually in flexion)

12

Why does the finger usually get stuck in flexion

because tendon is going back through the pulley and gets stuck on the pulley edge

13

How can you distinguish trigger finger from Dupuytren's?

trigger finger is painful and doesnt have the thickening of the fascia

14

What is the management for trigger finger?

often resolves spontaneously; splint to prevent flexion; tendon sheath steroid injection; cna have surgery to divide the pulley

15

What is deQuervains tenosynovitis?

tenosynovitis of the 2 tendon sheaths that are involved with movement of the humb- extensors compartment. entrapment tendinitis

16

How does deQuervains present?

spontaneous; painful; swollen/red

17

What is Finklesteins test?

when patient puts thumb in fist and pull forward and down-very sore if have deQuervains

18

Why is Finklesteins often a little bit sore in everyone?

pulls on the superficial branch of the radial nerve

19

What is the management for deQuervains?

NSAIDs; splint; rest; steoird injection; surgery-decompression

20

What is Dupuytrens contracture?

thickening and contracture of subdermal fascia leading to fixed flexion deformity of the fingers