Anatomy Dissection 1 Flashcards Preview

MSK > Anatomy Dissection 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy Dissection 1 Deck (66)
Loading flashcards...
1

What are the functions of the muscles of the anterior thigh?

flex at the hip and extend at the knee

2

What are the 4 muscles that make up the anterior thigh?

pectineus
iliopsoas
sartorius
quadriceps femoris

3

What are the 4 muscles that make up the quadriceps femoris?

rectus femoris
vastus lateralis
vastus intermedius
vastus medius

4

What are the proximal attachments for the iliopsoas muscle?

iliacus- illiac fossa
psoas major- lumbar transverse processes/IV discs

5

What are the distal attachments for the iliopsoas muscle?

lesser trochanter of hte femur

6

What is the action of the iliopsoas muscle?

flexion at the hip

7

What is the nerve supply for the iliopsoas muscle?

anterior rami of lumbar spinal nerves

8

What is the proximal attachment for the sartorius muscle?

ASIS

9

What is the distal attachment for the sartorius muscle?

medial surface of proximal tibia

10

What is the funcion of the sartorius?

flexion at the hip and knee

11

What is the nerve supply for the sartorius muscle?

femoral nerve

12

Waht is the proximal attachment for rectus femoris?

ASIS

13

What is the proximal attachment for vastus lateralis; vastus intermedius; vastus medius?

shaft of femur

14

What is the distal attachment for the quadriceps femoris?

patella then tibial tuberosity

15

What is the function of the quadriceps femoris?

extension of the knee (and weak flexion of hip for rectus femoris)

16

What is the nerve supply for the quadriceps femoris?

femoral nerve

17

What are the spinal roots for the femoral nerve?

L2-L4 formed in the lumbar plexus

18

What are the muscles of the medial thigh compartment referred to as?

adductor group

19

Why are the medial thigh muscles named the adductor gourp?

they act to adduct the thigh at the hip joint

20

What are the muscles of the medial thigh compartment?

adductor longus; adductor brevis; adductor magnus; gracilis; obturator externus (can also be classidied as in the gluteal region)

21

What are the 2 parts of the adductor magnus?

has an adductor part and a hamstring part

22

What nerve supplies the medial thigh muscles?

obturator nerve (L2-L4)

23

What nerve supplies the hamstring part of the adductor magnus?

tibial nerve

24

What 3 nerves give sensory innervation for the thigh?

anterior and lateral cutaneous nerves of the thigh
cutaneous branch fo the obturtor nerve

25

What does the anterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh come from?

femoral nerve (L2-L4)

26

What is the lateral cutaneous nerve of hte thigh a branch of?

lumbosacral plexus (L2-3)

27

Where does lymph following the great saphenous vein drain into?

superfical inguinal lymph nodes

28

Where does ymph from the superficial lymph nodes drain?

external iliac nodes

29

Where does lymph following hte small saphenous vein drain into?

popliteal lymph nodes

30

Where does lymph form the popliteal lymph nodes drain into?

deep inguinal nodes