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Flashcards in anesthesia Deck (11):
1

contraindications to regional anesthesia

patient refusal
coagulopathy (INR, platelets, drugs)
infection
nerve deficit

2

local anesthetics w/ and w/o epi

toxic dose is increased w/ epi (can use about 50% more of drug when epi is added)

amides(very few allergic)
lidocaine
bupivicaine (marocaine)
ropivicaine

esters (more ppl allergic)
cocaine
chloroprocaine
tetracaine

3

opiods

fentanyl, hdromorphone, remifentanil

4

hypnotic agents

propofol, thiopental, etomidate, ketamine, dexmetametomidine

5

neuromuscular blockers

depolarizing- succinylcholine
non depolarizing- rocuronium, vecuronium, pancuronium

6

what do you do in the 60 sec window period after neuromuscular blocker before it starts working

mask ventilation

7

maintenance

nitric oxide (N2O)
halothane, isoflurane, sevoflurane, ...
tiva- propofol + remi

8

antiemetic

ondanceatron (zofran)
metoclopramide
droperidol
scopalamine

9

neuromuscular blocker reversal agents (acetycholinesterase inhibitors)

neostigmine
edrophonium

10

anticholinergics (given w/ acetylcholinesterase inhibitors to prevent ASYSTOLE)

glycopyrolate
atropine
scopolamine

11

3 main anesthetic choices

general
sedation
spinal