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Flashcards in ortho 2 Deck (23):
1

3 components to every PT pt

mechanical (eval of joint, soft tissue, muscles, visceral which limit motion or function) (tx PNF tech)

neuromuscular (eval muscular ability to efficiently initiate and demonstrate proper strength and endurance for any given contraction) (tx manual facilitation tech and directed exercise)

motor control (utilize efficient mechanical and neuromuscular components to maintain posture)

2

what test can you do to rule out ankle sprain or fracture

Ottawa Ankle Test

Ottawa ankle rules- to discern if need xray or not. Palpate medial and lateral maleolus to see if pain. Palpate up tibia and fibula to see if pain. Push on navicular and 5th metatarsal head. Or if can’t put weight on it. If If tender on any of these then get x ray.

3

most common job related disability claim

low back pain

4

distal biceps

usually older men who are a little obese (weekend warrior)
hook test (lateral to medial)

5

dupuytren contracture

get thickening of the fibrous tissue layer under the skin which causes the finger to curl
affects the ring and pinky finger
common in northern Europeans
gold standard tx is surgery

6

most common finger for mallet and jersey finger

ring finger

7

most common bone tumor

osteochondroma
usually at knee or proximal humerus

8

osteoblatoma

same place as osteoma... these are just larger
lytic appearance on x ray

9

heterotrophic ossification

bone that forms around a joint after trauma or surged

10

myositis ossificans

bone that forms in muscle (don't biopsy)

11

giant cell tumor of bone

lytic lesion

12

aneurysmal bone cyst

lytic lesion
usually around knee distal femur or proximal tibia

13

deep hematoma w/ no history of trauma

hemorrhagic sarcoma

14

most common benign soft tissue tumor

lipoma

15

most common places that metastasize to spine

breast
lung
kidney
prostate
thyroid

16

most common metazoic spine tumor complaint

pain

17

musculoskeletal malignancies

children- osteosarcoma, ewing sarcoma
adults- chrondrosarcoma, multiple myeloma, metastasis

18

sunburst pattern

ostosarcoma

19

onion skinning

ewing sarcoma

20

problem w/ chrondrosarcoma

very slow growing so doesn't respond to chemo or radiation

21

most common primary malignancy of bone

multiple myeloma

22

multiple myeloma

CRAB
calcium elevated
renal failure
anemia
bone lesions

23

what is more common primary or metastasis in bones

metastasis