Anesthesia Equipment & Technology(test 1) Flashcards Preview

2nd Quarter > Anesthesia Equipment & Technology(test 1) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anesthesia Equipment & Technology(test 1) Deck (96):
1

What is the minimum thickness for a gas cylinder?

0.26 inches

2

What is the capacity of an E cylinder of oxygen?

660 liters

3

What is the capacity of an E cylinder of nitrous oxide?

1590 liters

4

What does a fusible plug offer protection from and what does it not offer protection from?

it offers protection from EXCESSIVE PRESSURE, but not from OVERFILLING

5

What does a rupture disc offer protection from?

it offers protection from both high temperature and from overfilling

6

How often must gas cylinders be inspected?

every 5 years

7

What are 3 safety systems that are used to avoid incorrect gas connections?

cylinder color coding
pin indexing
diameter indexing

8

At what psi should an oxygen cylinder be changed?

1000 psi

9

What is the full cylinder pressure for oxygen?

2200 psi

10

What is the full cylinder pressure for air?

2200 psi

11

What is the full cylinder pressure for nitrous?

745-750 psi

12

Pipelines are used to deliver what 5 nonflammable gases?

oxygen, nitrous oxide, air, carbon dioxide and nitrogen

13

What is the most common contaminant of medical gas lines?

water

14

In what 2 forms can oxygen be stored in?

as a cryogenic liquid at low pressures or as compressed gas in cylinders

15

Purity of medical gases is specified in the _____?

US Pharmacopeia

16

Purity of medical gases is enforced by who?

the Food and Drug Administration

17

What three agencies have published standards regarding gas cylinders?

Department of Transportation(DOT)
National Fire Protection Association
Compressed Gas Association

18

What is the most common cause of a leak in a new gas cylinder?

a missing or defective washer

19

What safety system is used to help prevent incorrect connections between central pipeline connection and the anesthesia machine?

diameter indexed safety system(DISS)

20

What psi is cylinder gas reduced to by a regulator upon entering the anesthesia machine?

50 psi

21

What are 3 hazards in gas pipeline systems?

leaks
fires
cross-connections

22

At what level does pipeline alarms indicate a change?

if there is an increase or decrease in pressure by 20% from normal

23

What regulatory body covers anesthesia workstations and their components?

The American Society for Testing and Materials(ASTM)

24

How often should computer-driven anesthesia machines be turned off and restarted?

every 24 hours

25

What are the only things that should be plugged into the anesthesia machine's electrical outlets?

Only the anesthesia monitors

26

How long should the anesthesia backup battery power last?

at least 30 minutes

27

When gas travels from the high-pressure cylinder to the machine, a pressure regulator decreases the pressure to what?

50 psig

28

What are three functions of the hanger yoke on the back of the anesthesia machine?

1. orients and supports the cylinder
2. provides a gas-tight seal
3. ensures unidirectional flow

29

What components on the anesthesia machine are exposed to high pressure(3)?

1. hanger yoke
2. cylinder pressure gauge
3. cylinder pressure regulators

30

What is the function of the check valves on the back of the anesthesia machine?

1. allows gas to enter the machine
2. prevents gas from exiting the machine when there is no gas cylinder in the yoke

31

What are cylinder and pipeline pressure gauges?

metal needles which stretch with pressure and point to correct pressure(Bourdon gauges)

32

What are the three pneumatic components of the intermediate pressure system?

1. master switch
2. oxygen failure devices
3. flow control devices

33

What 4 accessories on an anesthesia machine is supplied by oxygen?

1. ventilator
2. accessory flowmeter
3. jet ventilation
4. oxygen flush

34

What does the flush button do on the anesthesia machine and does it require activation of the master switch?

1. directs a high unmetered flow directly to the CGO(35-75 LPM)
2. it does not require activation of the master switch

35

What are 4 hazards related to the oxygen flush valve?

1. leaks
2. sticking and obstructing flowmeter output
3. barotrauma
4. awareness

36

At what low oxygen supply pressure does the machine alarm by either an electronic or pneumatic alarm?

30 psig

37

What is the function of the "fail-safe" valve(oxygen pressure sensor shut-off valve)?

it will decreased supply pressure of other gases as the oxygen supply pressure decreases(i.e.,below 20-25 psig).

38

What is the function of reducing devices just upstream of flow valves?

they decrease gas pressure a second time to 15 - 19 psig

39

What 4 machine components are exposed to the low pressure system on the anesthesia machine?

1. flowmeter tubes
2. vaporizers
3. check valves
4. common gas outlet

40

What is the most common means of regulating flowmeter rate?

it is a needle valve

41

Name and describe traditional flowmeters

traditional flowmeters are Thorpe tubes, vertical glass tubes tapered with its smallest diameter at the bottom.

42

Physical properties of the gas affect the flowmeter indicator and include....(4)?

1. viscosity
2. density
3. weight of the float
4. annulus of the tube

43

How are flowmeters distinguished between the gases?

flowmeters are color coded and the flow control knob for oxygen is larger and shaped differently

44

Where are Bobbin flowmeters read from?

from the top

45

Where are ball float flowmeters read from?

from the middle

46

What are 3 factors affecting flowmeter accuracy?

1. back pressure from a ventilator
2. static electricity/dirt
3. a float stuck at the top of the Thorpe tube

47

Should the common gas outlet be used to administer supplemental oxygen to a patient?

NO!

48

What are the 4 components in the high pressure flow system?

1. hanger yoke
2. yoke block with check valves
3. cylinder pressure gauge
4. cylinder pressure regulators

49

What are the 6 components in the intermediate pressure flow system?

1. ventilator power inlet
2. pipeline inlets, check valves, pressure gauges
3. flow meter valves
4. oxygen pressure-failure devices
5. oxygen second stage regulator
6. flush valve

50

What are the 4 components in the low pressure flow system?

1. flow meter tube
2. vaporizers
3. check valves
4. common gas outlet

51

Modern vaporizers are accurate over a wide range of ___and ___ ___ ___.

temperatures
fresh gas flows

52

What is a measure of the volatility of the liquid anesthetic in the carrier gas?

SVP

53

What is the definition of heat of vaporization?

its the amount of calories required to convert 1 g of liquid to vapor without temperature change in the remaining fluid.

54

What is being referred to when one speaks of a substance's specific heat?

its the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram(1 ml) of a substance by 1 degree C.

55

What are 4 factors that can potentially affect vaporizer output?

1. FGF
2. temperature
3. carrier gas composition
4. ambient pressure

56

What does increased contact area between gas and liquid in the vaporizer increase?

it increases the efficiency of vaporization(baffles, spiral tracks or wicks).

57

What are 3 characteristics of modern vaporizers?

1. agent-specificity(keyed filling port required)
2. temperature compensation
3. flow-over

58

What is the function of the vaporizer interlock system?

its a safety feature that only allows one vaporizer on at a time.

59

What is the basic operating premise of a variable-bypass vaporizer?

it states that FGF enters the vaporizer and splits into carrier gas(much less than 20%) and bypass gas(80%)

60

What is the "splitting ratio" of the two flows of the variable-bypass vaporizer dependent upon?

The "splitting ratio" of the two flows depends on the ratio of resistances to their flow(determined by concentration dial). Output is relatively constant over a wide range of flows(250 ml/min to 15 L/min)

61

What does the "pumping effect" describe in relation to the breathing system?

"Pumping Effect" describes the affect on on vaporizer output from intermittently fluctuating pressure in the breathing system.

62

What 4 standards did the ASTM establish in 1988?

1. FGF limits(15 L/M)
2. unidirectional rotation for concentration increase
3. concentration calibration of vaporizers
4. temperature/pressure effects

63

What are 4 hazards associated with vaporizers?

1. using the wrong agent
2. tipping
3. overfilling
4. empty vaporizer

64

What are 3 safety features of modern-day vaporizers?

1. agent specific keyed fillers
2. secured vaporizers
3. interlocks
4. counterclockwise rotation of dial for increase in concentration

65

In relation to FGF what are 2 difference between a Tec 5 vaporizer and the newer model vaporizers(Tec 6, 7, ect.)?

1. Tec 5 vaporizer require FGF close to 5 LPM
2. is more affected by pumping

66

What happens to the temperature of Desflurane as large amounts of it is vaporized?

Desflurane is heated to 39 degrees(above boiling point) as large amounts are vaporized and over pressurized to 1300 mmHg.

67

Where is the electronic control mechanism at in the Aladin cassette?

The electronic control mechanism in the Aladin cassette is in the anesthesia machine.

68

Can the Aladin cassette be tipped?

YUP!

69

Vapor 2000 vaporizers may be tipped as long as they are in the ___ setting.

"T"

70

What should you do if the wrong agent is used to fill the vaporizer?

If the wrong agent is used, discard contents of vaporizer and run 5 liters oxygen flow until no agent is detected(about 20 minutes).

71

Of the following accessories which are supplied by oxygen?
Oxygen flush
Vaporizer interlock
Scavenger
All of the above

Oxygen flush

72

An "E" cylinder of oxygen completely filled should hold?

660 liters

73

A factor potentially affecting vaporizer output is:
fresh gas flow
temperature
carrier gas composition
all of the above

all of the above

74

Pipelines are used to deliver all of the gases below except:
oxygen
nitrogen
carbon dioxide
all of the above are delivered by pipeline

all of the above delivered by pipeline

75

What is an example of a cylinder pressure gauge(metal needles that stretch with pressure)?

bourdon gauge

76

Flush buttons direct 35 - 75 ppm directly to the:
high pressure system
intermediate pressure system
scavenger
common gas outlet

common gas outlet

77

What is used to prevent incorrect connections between the pipeline and the anesthesia machine?

diameter index safety system

78

Safety features of vaporizers include:
empty vaporizer alarms
vaporizer interlocks
clockwise rotation of concentration ideals for increased output
all of the above?

vaporizer interlocks

79

What is the minimum thickness for a gas cylinder?

0.26 inches

80

What describes the effect on vaporizer output from intermittently fluctuating pressure in the breathing circuit?

Pumping effect

81

The _____ _____ of carrier gas and bypass gas depends on the ratio of resistances to their flow(determined by the concentration dial and the temperature compensation device).

splitting ratio

82

The basic operating premise of variable bypass vaporizers states that fresh gas flow enters the vaporizer and splits into carrier gas and bypass gas. Carrier gas is approximately what percentage of fresh gas flow?

20%

83

Oxygen tanks should be changed when the service pressure is how much?

less than 1000 psi

84

Gas cylinders must be inspected every?

5 years

85

Which of the following anesthesia machine components is exposed to high pressure?

hanger yoke
cylinder pressure gauge
cylinder pressure regulators
all of the above?

all of the above

86

Purity of medical gases is specified by who?

U.S. Pharmacopeia

87

The most common contaminant of medical gas pipelines is?

water

88

Desflurane is heated to ____ and pressurized to ___ to compensate for a low boiling point and high vapor pressure.

39 degrees celsius and 1300 mmHg

89

What device offers protection from excessive pressure from high temperature but not from overfilling?

fusible plug

90

When gas travels from the cylinder to the machine, a regulator decreases pressure to

45 - 55 psi

91

Machines possess a pneumatic or electronic alarm device that sounds a warning when the pressure is below?

30 psi

92

What is the measure of the volatility of a liquid anesthetic in a carrier gas?

Saturated Vapor Pressure

93

Hazards in pipeline systems include:

cross-connections
leaks
fires
all of the above

all of the above

94

What is the term used to describe the amount of calories required to convert 1 G(ml) of liquid to a vapor without temperature change in the remaining fluid?

Heat of vaporization

95

Hazards associated with vaporizers include:

use of the wrong agent
tipping
overfilling
all of the above

all of the above

96

Which statement best describes the hypopharynx?
a. Adenoids and openings to Eustachian tubes are found here
b. Level C23 location
c. Also known as oropharynx
d. Lowermost portion of pharynx, which leads to esophagus and larynx, extending down
into trachea

d. Lowermost portion of pharynx, which leads to esophagus and larynx, extending down
into trachea