What is the normal PaO2 range for arterial blood in room air?
80 - 110 mmHg
Which of the following local anesthetics would you expect to have the longest duration of action?
Bupivacaine has ~95% protein binding and a duration of action anywhere from 180-600 minutes
Identify this 'irregularly irregular' arrhythmia in the horse:
T/F: Dobutamine causes vasoconstriction
Dobutamine acts on β receptors and causes increased contractility and heart rate. Vasoconstriction occurs as a result of α receptor activity.
T/F: Atropine is best utilized in vagal-induced asystole
What is the most common site to pull a sample for arterial blood-gas analysis in a dog?
Dorsal Pedal Artery
Other sites include the auricular artery, femoral artery, caudal artery, and lingual artery
Flow rate delivered to a patient with the O2 flush valve:
Bypasses the vaporizer and delivers O2 directly to the patient breathing circuit
Induction agent that causes tissue necrosis if it gets outside of the vein:
Opioids trigger the release of __________, resulting in vasodilation, etc.
What adjuvant is added to Propofol 28 that makes it toxic to cats?
Name three methods of measuring blood pressure in a patient:
direct, oscillometric, doppler
Which nerve(s) need(s) to be blocked when dehorning a goat?
Cornual br. of infratrochlear nerve and cornual br. of zygomaticotemporal nerve
Note that this is different than in the cow! In the cow, only ONE nerve needs to be blocked.
Perioperative acute loss over ____% blood volume should be replaced via transfusion
Perioperative acute loss over 20% blood volume should be replaced via transfusion
What is the drug of choice for treatment of malignant hyperthermia?
Can be placed on anesthesia machine and used to open small airway, prevent atalectasis after lung trauma or edema (2.5-20 cmH2O)
Positive end-expiratory pressure valve