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Flashcards in Anglo-Saxon Age Deck (13):
0

Periods of English Literature (UK)

-Old English: 650-1100 AD
-Middle English: 1100-1500 AD
-Modern English: 1500 AD-Present

1

Focus

-Traditionally centers around nobility and royalty
-Shaped by invaded who assimilated into culture
-Theme: Eternal struggle of good against evil

2

Pre Anglo-Saxon:
Iberian

-2000 BC
-Stonehenge
-Primitive cave dwellers who arrived in boats from Spain/Egypt/Crete

3

Pre Anglo-Saxon
Britons

-1200-600 BC
-Celtic tribes invaded from Europe
-Brought Druids, human sacrifice rituals, monsters/dragons, "elder" (king)
-Frequently warring
-Languages: Gaelic, Welsh, Breton

4

Pre Anglo-Saxon
Roman Invasion

-55 BC and 43 AD
-Julius Caesar wrote accounts of invasions, drove Gaelic into NW hills
-Claudius for 300
-New structures, government system
-Left in 407 AD

5

Germanic Invasion of Rome

-Decline of Roman Empire allowed Germanic tribes to invade
-England open to invasion

6

Christianity

-Originated from Celtic Christianity of Ireland, Kent 597
-563 Monks establish centers of learning, mission throughout England
-Bring Latin writing
-7th century, Benedictines establish monasteries (English written)
-Bede: 674-735 AD, lived in Tarrow monastery and recorded Roman history in Latin

7

Anglo-Saxon Invasions

-449 AD
-Jutes, Anglos, Saxons from Germanic tribes from Europe assimilate with Celts/Romans
-Expand Roman civilization, more democratic government
-Build communal farmlands

8

Anglo-Saxon Terms
-aethling
-wetan
-earldorman
-thanes
-theows
-thralls
-geneat

-Well born warrior
-Wise man
-Elder, title of nobility
-Wealthy land owner
-Serfs
-Slaves
-Owns land, owes allegiance to thane/earl/King

9

Anglo-Saxon Religion/Culture

-Warriors and Nordic mythology
-advanced weaponry, hero stories and oral tradition
-Lasts until 1066 AD
-Celtic retreat, King Arthur in Wales. Nordic raids in 787 AD

10

Nordic Raids

-787 AD
-Pillages, raped, and stole
-Were pagans responsible for killing monks
-Words: Windows, sky

11

Alfred the Great (878 AD)

-Anglo-Saxon King (Christian) who defeated Danes
-Great military leader who rebuilt the kingdom
-Writer of history ("Anglo-Saxon Chronicles", common laws and history, Caesar to 1154)
-Translated gospel of St. John'a into English, made gospel accessible to Anglos
-Father of English prose

12

Norman Invasions

-1066 AD
-Normandy, from Vikings
-William of Normandy defeated King Harold in 106)
-Normans rule for 100s of years, introduce French language
-Commoners spoke crude English