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Flashcards in Greek Drama Deck (12):
0

Thespis (535 BC)

-Introduced 1st actor, before him was rhetoric
-Actor had dialogue with Chorus

1

Tragedy

-From Greek trajos
-Meant goat, blend of ode and goat (goat sacred to Dionysus)
-Trygos (grape harvest)

2

Setting

-Golden Age of Greece, zenith of arts
-Democracy (unity, peace)
-Beliefs in perfection if state, utopia
-Moral shift to individualism

3

Themes:
-Values

-Man's dignity/individual responsibility
-Problems of evil
-Conflicts of duty
-Man's sacred survival under stress, purpose/lessons derived from it

4

Citizen Involvement in Theater

-Greek, educated men only
-Drama was part of education, required to rotate through Chorus

5

Theatrical Conventions:
-Role of Chorus
-Choragos
-Messenger
-Dramatic Unities

-Commented on action of play. Provide citizen opinion
-Leader of cue Chorus, wealthy citizen funding play
-Told offstage events

6

Dramatic Structure

-Comprised of 5 acts:
-Prologue (set scene)
-Parados (chorus enters and gives perspective)
-Episodia (scene)
-Strophe (Chorus' ode, turns)
-Anti (responds to strophe)
-Epod (3rd comment)
-Exodus (finale)

7

Aeschylus

-Founder of Greek tragedy
-Added second actor
-Themes: Ties of family, blood, guilt

8

Sophocles (496-406 BC)

-Oedipus, Antigone
-Added 3rd character
-Themes: human suffering, fate vs. free will, societal conventions vs. internal beliefs
-Portrayed people as they ought to be
-Successful statesman, general, dramatist, etc.

9

Tragic Irony

-Means one thing to character, audience knows otherwise

10

Euripides (480-406 BC)

-Humble beginnings, well know and wealthy later in life
-Depicted people as they are (born in shift to rationalize/doubt), focused on women
-Themes: Uncertainty of moral values, human weakness, dear

11

Aristotle (320 BC)

-Philosophy: A tragedy is an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude strong enough to arouse pain and fear (catharsis).