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Flashcards in Animal Behavior Deck (17):
1

Simple Reflex

-Spinal Cord (Interneuron)
-Receptor --> Motor --> Muscle/Gland

2

Complex Reflex

-Include brainstem or cerebrum
-Innate, complex, coordinated
-Initiated by releaser
-Uses reticular activation system

3

Circadian Rhythm

-Modified by external stimuli; initiated intrinsically

4

Habituation

-Suppression of normal start response to stimuli

5

Spontaneous Recovery

-Response recovered over time if stimulus is not regularly applied anymore (Habituation)
-Reinforcement returned (Operant)

6

Classical Conditioning

-Pavlovian association of autonomic/visceral response with environmental stimulus (Neutral)

7

What are the factors associated with Pavlovian Conditioning?

-Unconditioned stimulus/response
-Neutral stimulus --> No response
-Conditioned Stimulus/Conditioned Response

8

Which reflex type is more important to lower organisms?

Simple Reflex

9

Pseudoconditioning

"Neutral" stimulus elicits response prior to conditioning

10

Operant Conditioning

-Use of reward to reinforce behavior
-(+) reinforcement
-(-) reinforcement
-Punishment

11

Extinction

-Gradual elimination of response in absence of reinforcement (operant conditioning) or absence of unconditioned response/poorly paired (classical)

12

Generalization

-Respond to similar but not identical stimuli --> stimulus gradient is formed

13

Imprinting

-Environmental patterns or objects presented to developing organism in critical period is accepted permanently as element of behavioral environment

14

Intraspecific interactions

-Communication between species
-Reproductive display, Agonistic display, Dancing

15

Pecking order

-Social hierarchy minimizes intraspecific aggressions by defining stable relationships among members

16

Releaser pheromones

-Reversible behavioral changes
-E.g. Sex attractants, alarm, toxic defenses

17

Primer pheromones

-Long-term behavioral change or physiological alteration
-E.g. Alter estrous cycles of females