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Flashcards in ANKLE/ FOOT Deck (18)
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1

Lateral ligs (3)

1. Anterior talofibular- taught w PF

2. Calcaneofibular- taught w inversion

3. Post. talofibular- taught w post. displacement

2

medial ligs (4)

1. Ant. tibiotalar
2. Tibicalcaneal
3. Post. Tibiotalr
4. tibionavicular- limits translation

3

Lateral ankle sprain MOI, SS

MOI- PF and inverted
SS- Poping, rapid swelling

4

3 grades of lateral ankle sprains

1- pain/swelling, tenderness, no laxity w stress test
2-tearing/pop sensation, painful palp., positive anterior drawer and taller tilt tests
3-tearing/poping sensation, positive tests

5

syndesmotic sprain (high ankle) MOI

excessive external rot.

6

Deltoid lig sprain MOI SS

MOI- eversion w PF
SS- swelling

7

Ankle x ray if

- Bone tenderness at lateral/medial malleolus
-Inability to bear weight

8

Foot X-ray if

-bone tenderness at base of 5th MT
-Inability to bear weight

9

Achilies tendon rupture/tendinosis SS

MOI rupture- forceful eccentric cont.
MOI tendinosis- degenerationation, micro tears

SS- decreased planter flexion strength

10

Peroneal Tendon MOI

- sudden dorsiflexion + eversion/ PF and inversion

11

Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome MOI, SS

MOI- due to repetitive overuse

SS- inflammation at the posterior medial border of tibia

12

Pes Cavus, Pes planes

cavus- big arch, associated w plater fasciits, stress fro of tarsals, perineal tendonitis

planus- no arch, associated w tibias posterior tendonitis, medial tibial stress syndrome

13

Plantar fasciitis MOI SS

MOI- acute/ repeated stress
SS- Pain in morning when taking first steps

14

MT/Phalengeal fractures

MOI- Direct trauma, overuse
- typically with longitudinal force(kick immovable object)

SS- Pain during toe off of walk

15

Lisfranc Joint Injury

MOI- PF on ground and rotation
SS- typically has pain w talking +slight swelling

16

Intermetatarsal Neuroma MOI, SS

MOI entrapment of nerve bw 2 MT heads
- Prolonged pressure on nerve

SS- increased when wearing shoes, burning, tingling, diffuse pain

17

1st MPK Sprains MOI SS

MOI- hyperextension of 1st toes
- foot planted + ankle DF

SS- Pain w/ push off/ quick stops, point tenderness/ swelling

18

Hammer toes, claw toes, mallet toe

hammer- extension MTP, Flexion PIP, Extension DIP

Claw- Extension MTP, Flexion DIP +PIP

Mallet- Neutral MTP and PIP, Flex DIP