Wrist/ Hand/ Finger Flashcards Preview

Injuries final > Wrist/ Hand/ Finger > Flashcards

Flashcards in Wrist/ Hand/ Finger Deck (13)
Loading flashcards...
1

Carpal bones left to right of right hand posterior

trapezium, trapezoid, hamate, pisiform
Scaphoid, Lunate, Traqutrum

2

Colles Fracture (dinner fork deformity)- MOI, SS

MOI- FOOSH

SS- fracture of radius, radius displaced distally

3

Smiths fracture MOI

MOI- FOOSH but hand flexed in, radius displaced distally

4

Salter- Harris Fracture

Fracture plane passes all the way thru growth plate of radius

5

Scaphoid Fracture MOI, SS, TEst

- most common fracture

MOI- FOOSH
SS- Pain in snuffbox, mild swelling tenderness
TEst- Compress 1st MT into scaphoid

6

Dr Quervains syndrome MOI, SS, Test

Moi- repetitive use of thumb and ulnar dev.

SS- synovitis, irritation of tendon sheath that encompasses the extensor policies + abductor polices

Test- put into ulnar dev

7

Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex injury MOI, SS

Moi- force that distracts the ulnar aspect of wrist

SS- Pain w weight bearing of arm
- Hyperextension + ulnar dev cause pain on ulnar side of wrist

8

Anterior capsule strain of hand MOI, SS

Moi- FOOSH, over extension of wrist

SS- dull, achey pain in anterior wrist

9

Posterior capsule strain of hand MOI, SS

MOI- hyper flexion of wrist
SS- dull achey pain in posterior wrist

10

Carpal tunnel MOI, SS, Tests

MOI- compassion of median nerve

SS- pain, numbness, tingling in fingers

Test- nerve tap, compression, stretch nerve

11

Claw hand MOI, SS

Moi- weakness _ atrophy of hand intrinsic muscles

SS-extension of the MCP, Flex of PIP+DIP

12

Boutonniere deformity MOI, SS

MOI- rapid forceful flexion against resistance
- blunt trauma to dorsal segment of PIP

S+S- rupture of extensor tendon @ middle phalanx

13

Swan neck deformity MOI, SS

MOI- due to trauma of finger flexor or extensor muscle

SS- flexion of MCP+ DIP hyper extension of PIP