Anticoagulant Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology > Anticoagulant > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anticoagulant Deck (13):
1

Adverse reaction of heparin

Hemorrhage
Anaphylaxis
Bleeding
Long term: osteoporosis

2

Nursing and teaching for heparin

Safety
Monitor
Check for bleeding
Weight based
High alert

3

Levenox mode of action

Similar to heparin but more specific to Factor ten a to thrombin

4

Adverse reaction to levenox

Bleeding
Anaphylaxis
Thrombocytopenia

5

Nursing/teaching for lovenox

Decrease number of clotting disorders
Check for bleeding
Careful with renal impairment
(SQ)

6

MOA of Coumadin

Inhibits hepatic synthesis of coagulation
Factors 2,7,9,10
Decrease vitamin k

7

Adverse reaction to Coumadin

Abnormal bleeding
Anaphylaxis
Nausea/vomiting

8

Nursing/teaching Coumadin

Transferred to this drug after become stable
--> the 2 drugs are given @ same time for 2-3 days, it takes a while to produce effect
Check for bleeding
No excessive vitamin k
Protein bound

9

Lab tests for heparin, lovenox, and Coumadin

Heparin: PTT, CT
LOVENOX: platelets
Coumadin: PT, INR

10

Which anticoagulant works the fastest?

Heparin

11

What is the antidote for heparin and lovenox?

Protamine sulfate

12

What is the antidote to Coumadin ?

Vitamin k

13

Mode of action of HEPARIN

Enhance actions of anti thrombin
-> loss of clotting factors