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Flashcards in Antidotes Deck (21):
0

Acetaminophen

N-acetylcysteine

1

Organophosphates

Atropine + pralidoxime

2

Amphetamines

NH4Cl (to acidify urine)

3

Antimuscarinic agents

Physostigmine, control hyperthermia

4

Benzodiazepines

Flumazenil

5

β blockers

Glucagon

6

Carbon monoxide

100% O2

7

Copper, arsenic, gold

Penicillamine

8

Cyanide (nitroprusside)

Nitrite + thiosulfate, hydroxycobalamin

9

Digitalis

Anti-dig Fab fragments
Atropine for bradycardia, lidocaine for tachycardia

10

Heparin

Protamine sulfate

11

Iron

Deferoxamine, deferasirox

12

Lead

EDTA, dimercaprol, succimer, penicillamine

13

Mercury, arsenic, gold

Dimercaprol, succime

14

Methanol, ethylene glycol (antifreeze)

Fomepizole > ethanol, dialysis

15

Methemoglobin

Methylene blue, vitamin C

16

Opioids

Naloxone

17

Salicylates (aspirin)

NaHCO3 (to alkalinize urine), dialysis

18

TCAs

NaHCO3 (to alkalinize plasma)

19

tPA, streptokinase, urokinase

Aminocaproic acid

20

Warfarin

Vitamin K, plasma (if active bleeding)