Antidotes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Antidotes Deck (22):
1

Acetaminophen

N-actetylcysteine (replenishes glutathione)

2

AChE inhibitors, organophosphates

Atropine followed by pralidoxime

3

Amphetamines

NH4Cl (acidify urine) (ammonium chloride)

4

Benzodiazepines

flumazenil

5

Antimuscarinic, anticholinergic agents

physostigmine salicylate, control hyperthermia

6

beta-blockers

glucagon

7

carbon monoxide

100% O2, hyperbaric O2

8

copper, arsenic, gold

Penicillamine

9

cyanide

nitrite + thiosulfate, hydroxocobalamin

10

digitalis

anti-dig Fab fragments

11

heparin

protamine sulfate

12

iron

Deferoxamine, deferasirox

13

lead

EDTA, dimercaprol, succimer, penicillamine

14

mercury, arsenic, gold

Dimercaprol (BAL), succimer

15

Methanol, ethylene glycol

fomepizole > ethanol, dialysis

16

methemoglobin

methylene blue, Vit C

17

Opioids

naloxone

18

Salicylates

NaHCO3 (alkalinize urine), dialysis

19

TCAs

NaHCO3 (plasma alkalinization)

20

tPA, streptokinase, urokinase

Aminocaproic acid

21

Warfarin

Vit K, fresh frozen plasma (if active bleeding)

22

Prolong QT

magnesium sulfate