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Flashcards in Antidotes Deck (24):
1

Acetaminophen

N-acetylcysteine (replenish glutathione)

2

Salicylates

-NaHCO3 (alkalinize urine)
-Dialysis

3

Amphetamines

NH4Cl (acidify urine)

4

Organophosphates (Ach-ase inhibitors)

Atropine, pralidoxime

5

Antimuscarinic, Anticholinergic agents

-Physostigmine salicylate
-Control hyperthermia

6

B-Blockers

Glucagon

7

Digitalis

KLAM
-Normalize K
-Lidocaine
-Anti-dig Fab fragments
-Mg

8

Iron

-Deferoxamine
-Deferasirox

9

Lead

-CaEDTA
-Dimercaprol
-Succimer
-Penicillamine

10

Mercury, arsenic, gold

-Dimercaprol
-Succimer

11

Copper, arsenic, gold

Penicillamine

12

Cyanide

-Amyl Nitrite
-Hydroxocobalamin

13

Methemeglobin

-Methylene blue
-Vitamin C

14

Carbon Monoxide

100% O2

15

Methanol, ethylene glycol (antifreeze)

-Fomepizole > dialysis

16

Opioids

Naloxone/Naltrexone

17

Benzodiazepines

Flumazenil

18

TCAs

NaHCO3 (plasma alkalinization)

19

Heparin

Protamine sulfate

20

Warfarin

Vit. K
IV frozen plasma if severe

21

tPA, streptokinase, urokinase

Aminocaproic acid

22

Theophylline

B-Blocker

23

Aspirin toxicity course (not antidote)

First - Respiratory alkalosis (medulla stimulation -> hyperventilation)
Hours later - Metabolic acidosis (inhibit CAC, increase burning, build up lactic acid)

24

Aspirin toxicity course (not antidote)

First - Respiratory alkalosis (medulla stimulation -> hyperventilation)
Hours later - Metabolic acidosis (inhibit CAC, increase burning, build up lactic acid)