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Flashcards in Renal Deck (11):
1

Renin - Regulation, production, effect

-B1 input, Low BP, Low Na
-JG cells
-Angiotensinogen -> AT1

2

Aldosterone - reg, prod, effect

-AT2
-Adrenal cortex
-Up Na via principal cell channel & pump
-Down K and H

3

ADH - reg, prod, effect

-AT2
-Posterior pituitary
-Aquaporins in Distal collecting duct

4

ANP - reg, prod, effect

-Cardio distention
-Heart
-Up GFR & Na filtration, no Na reabsorption

5

NSAIDs effect on kidney

Inhibit renal PG, constrict afferent arteriole, Down GFR

6

FF equation

-FF = GFR/RPF = creatinine/PAH
-normal FF=0.2

7

Winter's formula

P.CO2 = 1.5(HCO3) + 8 +/- 2

8

K levels affecting ECG (low, high)

low - U waves, flattened T waves
high - wide QRS, peaked T waves
arrhythmias in both

9

Hypercalcemia clinical (4)

Stones - kidney
Bones - pain
Groans - abdominal pain
Overtones - psychiatric instability

10

Hyperkalemia causes (6)

DO Insulin LAB
-Digitalis
-hyperOsmolatiry
-insulin deficiency
-Lysis of cells
-Acidosis
-B-adrenergic antagonist

11

Hypokalemia cause

Insulin (stimulate Na/K pump)