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Flashcards in Key Associations Deck (34):
1

Actinic (solar) keratosis

Precurser to squamous cell carcinoma

2

Acute gastric ulcer associated with CNS injury

Cushing's ulcer (increased ICP stimulates vagal gastric secretion)

3

Acute gastric ulcer associated with severe burns

Curling's ulcer (greatly reduced plasma volume results in sloughing of gastric mucosa)

4

Alternating areas of transmural inflammation and normal colon

Skip lesions (Crohn's disease)

5

Aneurysm, dissecting

Hypertension

6

Aortic aneurysm, abdominal and descending aorta

Atherosclerosis

7

Aortic aneurysm, arch

Tertiary syphilis (syphilitic aortitis)
Vasa vasorum destruction

8

Aortic aneurysm, ascending

Marfan's syndrome (idiopathic cystic medial degeneration)

9

Atrophy of the mammillary bodies

Wernicke's encephalopathy (thiamine deficiency causing ataxia, ophthalmoplegia, confusion)

10

Autosplenectomy (fibrosis and shrinkage)

Sickle cell anemia (hemoglobin S)

11

Bacteria associated with gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, and stomach cancer

H. pylori

12

Bacterial meningitis (adults and elderly)

Streptococcus pneumoniae

13

Bacterial meningitis (newborns and kids)

Group B streptococcus (newborns)
S. pneumonia/Neisseria meningitidis (kids)

14

Benign melanocytis nevus

Spitz nevus (most common in first two decades)

15

Bleeding disorder with GpIb deficiency

Bernard-Soulier syndrome (defect in platelet adhesion to von Willebrand's factor)

16

Brain tumor (adults)

Supratentoria: metastasis > astrocytoma (including GBM) > meningioma > schwannoma

17

Brain tumor (kids)

Infratentorial: Medulloblastoma (cerebellum)
Supratentorial: Craniopharyngioma (cerebrum)

18

Breast cancer

Infiltrating ductal carcinoma (1 in 9 women in US will develop this)

19

Breast mass

Fibrocystic change
Carcinoma (postmenopausal women)

20

Breast tumor (benign)

Fibroadenoma

21

Cardiac primary tumor (kids)

Rhabdomyoma, often seen in tuberous sclerosis

22

Cardiac manifestation of lupus

Libman-Sacks endocarditis (nonbacterial, affecting both sides of mitral valve)

23

Cardiac tumor (adults)

Metastasis, primary myxoma (4:1 left to right atrium; "ball and valve")

24

Cerebellar tonsillar herniation

Chiari malformation (presents with progressive hydrocephalus or syringomyelia)

25

Chronic arrhythmia

Atrial fibrillation (associated with high risk of emboli)

26

Chronic atrophic gastritis (autoimmune)

Predisposition to gastric carcinoma (also causes pernicious anemia)

27

Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina

DES exposure in utero

28

Compression fracture

Osteoporosis (Type 1: postmenopausal woman; Type 2: elderly man or woman)

29

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia, hypotension

21-hydroxylase deficiency

30

Congenital cardiac anomaly

VSD

31

Congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia (black liver)

Dubin-Johnson syndrome (inability of hepatocytes to secrete conjugated bilirubin into bile)

32

Constrictive pericarditis

Tuberculosis (developing world)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (developed world)

33

Coronary artery involved in thrombosis

LAD > RCA > LCA

34

Cretinism

Iodine deficit/Hypothyroidism