Classic/Relevant Treatments Flashcards Preview

Boards > Classic/Relevant Treatments > Flashcards

Flashcards in Classic/Relevant Treatments Deck (90):
1

Absence seizures

Ethosuximide

2

Acute gout attack

NSAIDs
Colchicine

3

Acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)

All-trans retinoic acid

4

ADHD

Methylphenidate
Amphetamines

5

Alcohol abuse

AA
Disulfiram
Al-Anon (for family)

6

Anorexia

SSRIs

7

Anticoagulation during pregnancy

Heparin

8

Arrhythmia in damaged cardiac tissue

Class 1B antiarrhythmic
(lidocaine, mexiletine, tocainide)

9

B12 deficiency

B12 supplementation
(Dx with schilling test)

10

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

Tamsulosin
Finasteride

11

Bipolar disorder

Lithium
Valproate
Carbamazepine
Lamotrigine

12

Breast cancer in post-menopausal women

Aromatase inhibitor (anastrozole)

13

Buerger's disease

Smoking cessation

14

Bulimia

SSRIs

15

Candida albicans

Amphotericin B (systemic)
Nystatin (Oral thrush, esophagitis)

16

Carcinoid syndrome

Octreotide

17

Chlamydia trachomatis

Doxycycline (+ ceftriaxone for gonorrhea coinfection)
Erythromycin eye drops (infant prophylaxis)

18

Chronic gout

Probenecid (underexcretor)
Allopurinol (overproducer)

19

Chronic hepatitis

IFN-a

20

Chronic myelogenous leukemia

Imatinib

21

Clostridium botulinum

Antitoxin

22

Clostridium difficile

Oral metronidazole; if refractory, oral vancomycin

23

Clostridium tetani

Antitoxin + vaccine booster + diazepam

24

Crohn's disease

Corticosteroids
Infliximab

25

Cryptococcus neoformans

Fluconazole (AIDS prophylaxis)

26

Cyclophosphamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis

Mesna

27

Cystic fibrosis

N-acetylcystein + antipseudomonal prophylaxis (tobramycin/azithromycin)

28

Cytomegalovirus

Ganciclovir

29

Depression

SSRIs (first-line)

30

Diabetes insipidus

Desmopressin (central)
Hydrochlorothiazide, indomethacin, amiloride (nephogenic)

31

Diabetes mellitus type 1

Dietary intervention (low sugar) + insulin replacement

32

Diabetes mellitus type 2

Dietary intervention, oral hypoglycemics, and insulin

33

Diabetic ketoacidosis

Fluids
Insulin
K+

34

Enterococci

Vancomycin/ampicillin + aminoglycoside

35

Erectile dysfunction

Sildenafil
Vardenafil

36

ER-positive breast cancer

Tamoxifen

37

Ethylene glycol/methanol intoxication

Fomepizole (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor)

38

Haemophilus influenzae (B)

Rifampin (prophylaxis)

39

Generalized anxiety disorder

Buspirone

40

Heparin toxicity (acute)

Protamine sulfate

41

HER2/neu-positive breast cancer

Trastuzumab

42

Hyperaldosteronism

Spironolactone

43

Hypercholesterolemia

Statin (first-line)

44

Hypertriglyceridemia

Fibrate

45

Immediate anticoagulation

Heparin

46

Infertility

Leuprolide
GnRH (pulsatile)

47

Influenza

Rimantadine
Oseltamivir

48

Legionella pneumophila

Erythromycin

49

Long-term anticoagulation

Warfarin

50

Malaria

Chloroquine/mefloquine (for blood schizont)
Primaquine (for liver hypnozoite)

51

Malignant hyperthermia

Dantrolene

52

Medical abortion

Mifepristone

53

Migraine

Sumatriptan

54

MRSA

Vancomycin

55

Multiple sclerosis

B-interferon
Natalizumab
Immunosuppression

56

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

RIPE (rifampin, INH, pyrazinamide, ethambutol)

57

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Ceftriaxone (add Doxycycline to cover likely concurrent Chlamydia)

58

Neisseria meningitidis

Penicillin/ceftriaxone
Rifampin (prophylaxis)

59

Neural tube defect prevention

Prenatal folic acid

60

Osteomalacia/rickets

Vitamin D supplementation

61

Osteoporosis

Bisphosphonates; calcium and vitamin D supplementation

62

Patent ductus arteriosus

Indomethacin

63

Pheocrhomocytoma

a-antagonists (e.g. phenoxybenzamine)

64

Pneumocystis jirovecii

TMP-SMX (AIDS prophylaxis)

65

Prolactinoma

Bromocriptine (dopamine agonists)

66

Prostate cancer, Uterine fibroids

Leuprolide
GnRH (continuous)

67

Prostate carcinoma

Flutamide

68

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Antipseudomonal penicillin + aminoglycoside

69

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (idiopathic)

Sildenafil
Bosentan
Epoprostenol

70

Rickettsia rickettsii

Doxycycline
Chloramphenicol (especially in context of aplastic anemia)

71

Ringworm

Terbinafine
Griseofulvin
Imidazole

72

Schizophrenia (negative symptoms)

5-HT2a antagonists (2nd gen antipsychotics)

73

Schizophrenia (positive symptoms)

D2 receptor antagonists (1,2nd gen antipsychotics)

74

SIADH

Demeclocycline
Lithium
Vasopressin receptor antagonists

75

Sickle cell anemia

Hydroxyurea (increase fetal hemoglobin)

76

Sporothrix schenckii

Oral potassium chloride

77

Stable angina

Sublingual nitroglycerin

78

Staphylococcus aureus

MSSA: nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin
MRSA: vancomycin

79

Streptococcus bovis

Penicillin prophylaxis
Evaluation for colon cancer if linked to endocarditis

80

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Penicillin/cephalosporin (systemic infection, pneumonia)
Vancomycin (meningitis)

81

Streptococcus pyogenes

Penicillin prophylaxis

82

Temporal arteritis

High-dose steroids

83

Tonic-clonic seizures

Phenytoin
Valproate
Carbamazepine

84

Toxoplasma gondii

Sulfadiazine + pyrimethamine

85

Treponema pallidum

Penicillin

86

Trichomonas vaginalis

Metronidazole (patient and partner)

87

Ulcerative colitis

5-ASA
Infliximab

88

UTI prophylaxis

TMP-SMX

89

Warfarin toxicity

Fresh frozen plasma (acute)
Vitamin K (chronic)

90

Wegener's granulomatosis with polyangiitis

Cyclophosphamide
Corticosteroids