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Flashcards in Ants Deck (36)
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1
Q

Ants are the most abundant social insects?

A) true
B) false

A

A - true

2
Q

Any workers that all are the same size are called?

A

Monomorphic

3
Q

Ant workers that vary in size are…?

A

Polymorphic

4
Q

Development is in what order:

A) egg, pupa, molt and adult
B) larvae, pupa and adult
C) larvae, instar, molt and adult
D) egg, larvae, pupa and adult

A

D) egg, larvae, pupa and adult

5
Q

Ants develop as:

A) simple metamorphosis
B) complex metamorphosis

A

Both

6
Q

What are large worker ants called?

A

Soldiers or majors. (Very small workers are minors)

7
Q

What identifying features do carpenter ants have?

A

Thoracic dorsum
1- segmented petiole w/node
No spines on thorax
Round anal opening, surrounded by circlet of hairs

8
Q

Describe identification features of moisture ants:

A

Petiolar node
Notch or dip on thoracic dorsum
Monomorphic species
Associated with rotten wood
Not a primary structural pest
They indicate a wood decay

9
Q

Moisture ants are Monomorphic?

A) true
B) false

A

A) true

10
Q

Fumigation is the first form of treatment for carpenter ants?

A) true
B) false

A

B) false - locating the parent colony should be first attempt

11
Q

The most common carpenter any in Washington is what color?

A

Black

12
Q

When inspecting for carpenter ant infestation, what are the 4 key signs?

A

1) sawdust - found in crawlspaces floors, beams or in cobwebs
2) presence of workers
3) rustling noise in wall abs ceiling
4) trails - easiest to locate at night between sunset abs sunrise
5) crawl space and attics - tapping with tool can identify colony by the hollow sound

13
Q

Common methods to treat for carpenter ants?

A

Treat wall voids, dust around plumbing and behind outlet covers. Apply insecticide to lower edge or exterior siding.

14
Q

Moisture ants have galleries that have?

A

Composed of cellulose material and debris.

15
Q

Moisture ants have galleries that have?

A

Composed of cellulose material and debris.

16
Q

Carpenter ants eat wood.

A) true
B) false

A

B) false

17
Q

Carpenter ants are primary WDOs

A) true
B) false

A

A) true

18
Q

Carpenter ants satellite colonies will have:

A) eggs, larvae, pupae and adults
B) larvae, pupae, queen and adults
C) larvae, pupae, and winged reproductives

A

C) larvae, pupae, and winged reproductives

19
Q

Do carpenter ants use pheromones and chemicals to travel their trails at night?

A) yes
B) no

A

A) yes - the follow a “scent” trail

20
Q

Harvester ants have what identifiers?

A

2 segmented petiole and gaster

21
Q

What ant stings, similar to a yellow jacket?

A

Harvester ant

22
Q

Harvesters ants are a severe problem in Washington

A) true
B) false

A

A) false - rarely is control necessary

23
Q

Odorous house ants are somewhat very difficult to control

A) true
B) false

A

A) true

24
Q

What ant bite is hard and will often spray the bite site with formic acid?

A

Teaching ants

25
Q

Name a black and red ant should be considered beneficial?

A

Thatching ants

26
Q

Thatching ants are Monomorphic or polymorphic?

A

Polymorphic

27
Q

What ant has a notch or depression on the top of its thorax?

A

Thatching ants

28
Q

A nuisance ant species that nest in exposed soil or rock walls and under concrete is?

A

Pavement ants

29
Q

Pavement ants are identified with?

A

Two segmented pedicel and epinotum with a pair of spines. Has a stinger, but rarely aggressive towards humans.

30
Q

Same as odorous house ants, what species are pavement ants?

A

Monomorphic

31
Q

What species and how is a pharaoh and identified?

A

Monomorphic
Tip of the abdomen is somewhat dark
Varies from yellowish or light brown to reddish

32
Q

What two ant species share the same identifier of a notch or depression?

A

Western thatching and moisture ant

33
Q

What ant has epinotum armed with spines?

A

Pavement ant

34
Q

Which any has 2-segmented petiole?

A

Harvester ant

35
Q

Which ant has epinotum(unarmed- no spines)?

A

Pharaoh ant

36
Q

Which ant species have only 200-300 ants but takes 2-4 years to get there?

A

Carpenter ants in trees or original colonies outside.